P.LeVallois, et al., “Prevalence and Risk Factors of Self-Reported Hypersensitivity to Electromagnetic Fields in California” and “An Evaluation of the Possible Risks from Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF) From Power Lines, Internal Wiring, Electrical Occupations and Appliances.”.
Case study for EMF control (Research Triangle)
“EMF reduction: The team reviewed available literature on EMF and their threat to health and determined that while EMF radiation could be measured, its threat to humans had not yet been proven or disproved. Nevertheless, the team recommended adopting a philosophy of prudent avoidance toward EMF risks and undertook modifications of the building design to reduce occupant exposure. EMF radiation can be mitigated by distance and by shielding. Distance offers maximum protection and is ‘low-tech,’ while the costs associated with shielding are high and the results are difficult to measure. Consequently, the design team chose to create ‘buffer zones’ to reduce prolonged exposures in portions of the building that are occupied for long periods of time, such as the laboratories and offices. The largest sources of EMF were identified as the building’s transformers, the electrical rooms with their many cables, and the electrical conduit that was routed under the building atria. As a first step circulation and utility spaces were used to maximize the separation between a source and any potential receptors.”
Chapter 59, Indoor Air Quality Handbook CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) Method for indoor Air Quality Studies. Qingyan Chen, Leon Glicksman, MIT
Ventilation rate to remove odors falls between 14-50 (l*s)/person or 28-100 cfm depending upon the type of odors to be removed. Ventilating to remove odor will exceed all requirements for Ventilation rates for human comfort.
(Levin, Indoor Air Quality Handbook, McGraw-Hill table 60.2)
ASHRAE 62.1-2004 Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality
LEED ™ 6.1, 6.2 Controllability of Systems
- Provide one operable window and one lighting control zone per 200sf of area within 15’ of an exterior wall.
- Provide controls for each individual for airflow, temperature, & lighting
ASHRAE 55-1992 Addenda 1995 Thermal Environmental Conditions for Human Occupancy Recommend maximum of 60% RH
ASHRAE 55-2004 Thermal Environmental Conditions for Human Occupancy (based on satisfactory thermal comfort for 80% of people. 71d in winter, 76d in summer.)
LEED ™ Credit 3.1 SMACNA (Sheet metal and air conditioning National Contractors Association) IAQ Guidelines for Occupied Buildings under Construction.
Air Filtration—Chapter 9 Air Cleaning, Particles of Air Quality Handbook.
ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 62.1-2004, Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality
ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 62.2-2004, Ventilation and Acceptable Indoor Air Quality in Low-Rise Residential Buildings
ALA Guidelines (American Lung Association)
Suggested School Board EMF Guidelines
Aronia AG Web site
Council on Wireless Technology Impacts
Arizona Technology Access Program Low Emission Computers
Association for Comprehensive NeuroTherapy—Electrical Sensitivity:A Growing Global Concern
EMF Safety SuperStore
“Electromagnetic Shielding: A Handbook Series on Electromagnetic Interference and Compatibility” Vol. 3. By Donald R.J. White and Michael Mardiguian, 1988.
“Controlling Radiated Emissions by Design” By Michel Mardiguian, 1992. Available from the Electromagnetic Compatibility Lab, University of Missouri—Rollo
EDN’s Designer’s Guide to Electromagnetic Compatibility, by Daryl Gerke, P.E. and Bill Kimmel, P.E. of Kimmell Gerke Associates, Ltd, St. Paul, MN
“EDN: The Design Magazine of the Electronics Industry” supplement, January 20, 1994.
Report by Lucinda Grant—World Health Organization (WHO) International Seminar and Working Group on EMF Hypersensitivity; October 25-27, 2004.
Greening Your Homes series
Green Building: Project Planning & Cost Estimating RS Means 2002
Indoor Air Quality Handbook McGraw-Hill 2003
LEED Rating System for New Construction USGBC 2002
Myths About Building Envelopes, 1999, Persily, NIST.
Program Needs for Indoor Environments Research (PNIER), U.S. EPA, 402-B-05-001, March 2005
Residential Environmental Guidelines
Hugh L. Carey Battery Park City Authority
Responding and Preventing Indoor Air Quality Problems in Schools
Terry Brennan, Camroden Associates, Inc.
SMACNA “IAQ Guideline for Occupied Buildings under Construction.”
Chair—Roger Morse, AIA, Morse-Zentner Associates
William S. Anderson, Architect
Mary Lamielle, National Center for Environmental Health Strategies
Ann McCampbell, Multiple Chemical Sensitivities Task Force of New Mexico
Susan Molloy, National Coalition for the Chemically Injured
Toni Temple, Ohio Network for the Chemically Injured
Terry Brennan, Camroden Associates Jack Carman, ASLA and Sustainable and Therapeutic Garden Group members for their input Design for Exterior Landscaping Recommendations
Jim LaRue, Healthy House Institute
David Rousseau, Archemy Consulting, Ltd.
Dave Rupp, Cabinet King, Inc.
Josh Roehm PE, Scheeser, Buckley Mayfield Engineers