U.S. Access Board:  Rail Vehicle Access Advisory Committee
Subcommittee on Rooms and Spaces
September, 2014

Report

Restrooms

Scoping:  where restrooms for the public are provided in a car, a restroom meeting the following requirements shall be provided.  A car with no public restroom shall not be required to have an accessible restroom.  Accessible restrooms shall be in close proximity to seating spaces for persons using wheelchairs and mobility aids and shall be connected to those spaces by an accessible on-board circulation path.  In fixed-consist trains where a restroom for the public is not provided in a specific car, an accessible restroom shall be permitted to be provided in an adjacent car provided:  a) required wheelchair spaces in the car without a restroom are located in the end of the car closest to the connection with the car that has an accessible restroom; b) the accessible restroom is as close as practicable to the connection between cars; c) doors along the path are automatic; and d) the floor surface across the transition is “smooth” (see surface requirements in ABA/ADA Guidelines).

Technical Requirements:
  • 60" turning circle
    • The Board should solicit comments from wheelchair and mobility aid users as to whether there are configurations without a turning circle which are nevertheless usable
  • Allow side approach to toilet/water closet (WC)
  • Power door
    • Controls comply with Controls and Operating Mechanisms
    • controls 12" minimum from inside corner (does not apply to manual handle/latch for use when power fails)
  • Grab bars on side and behind water closet (use buildings and facilities requirements)
  • Grab bar along front of lavatory (may serve as WC side grab bar)
  • Fold-down grab bar permitted on open side of WC, provided it meets force requirements for folding/deploying and does not intruded into required clear floor space when not deployed
  • Lavatory faucet controls (and soap dispenser, if provided) shall be proximity (e.g., infra-red) activated
  • Where feasible, lavatory should be within reach of person seated on WC
  • Table space for two wheelchairs, transfer seats for two (storage?)
  • Table top 34" max
  • 29" min under table, extending 17" min back from seating position edge
  • 32" min width
  • Side transfer to toilet, shower chair; meet requirements for restrooms above
  • 60" turning circle in sleeping area with bed deployed
  • Controls for all lights, HVAC, call button, etc., within reach ranges (allow duplicate controls; tethered remote also allowed))
  • Positive door latch, operable from outside by train personnel
  • Use VIA design as model
  • Bed at wheelchair seat height (18")
  • Table usable by wheelchair user:  34" max top height; 29" min under clearance to 17" from approach edge; 32" min width under approach edge
  • Table space for 2, same as dining car
  • Accessible restroom
  • Self-serve area meets ABA/ADA Guidelines for cafeteria
  • Vending machines meet ADA/ABA guidelines for controls and operating mechanisms

Single–level dining car

  • Table space for two wheelchairs, transfer seats for two (storage?)
  • Table top 34" max
  • 29" min under table, extending 17" min back from seating position edge
  • 32" min width
  • Side transfer to toilet, shower chair; meet requirements for restrooms above
  • 60" turning circle in sleeping area with bed deployed
  • Controls for all lights, HVAC, call button, etc., within reach ranges (allow duplicate controls; tethered remote also allowed))
  • Positive door latch, operable from outside by train personnel
  • Use VIA design as model
  • Bed at wheelchair seat height (18")
  • Table usable by wheelchair user:  34" max top height; 29" min under clearance to 17" from approach edge; 32" min width under approach edge
  • Table space for 2, same as dining car
  • Accessible restroom
  • Self-serve area meets ABA/ADA Guidelines for cafeteria
  • Vending machines meet ADA/ABA guidelines for controls and operating mechanisms

Sleeping compartment

Scoping:  at least one compartment in each sleeping car shall meet the technical requirements below.

Technical requirements:
  • Side transfer to toilet, shower chair; meet requirements for restrooms above
  • 60" turning circle in sleeping area with bed deployed
  • Controls for all lights, HVAC, call button, etc., within reach ranges (allow duplicate controls; tethered remote also allowed))
  • Positive door latch, operable from outside by train personnel
  • Use VIA design as model
  • Bed at wheelchair seat height (18")
  • Table usable by wheelchair user:  34" max top height; 29" min under clearance to 17" from approach edge; 32" min width under approach edge

Lounge car

Scoping:  single-level lounge cars shall comply with the following technical requirements.  Bi-level lounge cars shall comply on the lower level.  Bi-level lounge cars shall have direct access to station platforms on the lower level.  Where vertical access is provided, accessible seating spaces shall also be provided on the upper level.  Where a bi-level dining car is provided, an accessible bi-level lounge car shall be directly coupled to it.

Technical requirements:
  • Table space for 2, same as dining car
  • Accessible restroom
  • Self-serve area meets ABA/ADA Guidelines for cafeteria
  • Vending machines meet ADA/ABA guidelines for controls and operating mechanisms

Non-disabled passengers enter car through B end of next car

VIA Rail Accessible sleeper car features

Washroom section

  • Entrance door: power sliding with touch control, both sides, with override by VIA personnel in case of emergency
  • Toilet height 18”
  • Flush control in front/side of toilet
  • Grab bars at toilet and in shower
  • Pivoting armrest in shower
  • Flip up/down seat in shower
  • Hand held shower head with timer
  • Shower curtain around shower stall
  • Emergency pull string in shower stall
  • Emergency call button at vanity at 12” from floor
  • Automatic proximity controls for lavatory

Sleeper section

  • Entrance through power sliding door
  • Turning circle in front of bed 60” mm
  • Bed and sofa height 18”
  • All control and call buttons within reach from bed in Braille, raised letters and color
  • Visual and audio alarm dual in washroom and sleeper section
  • Speaker for entertainment in sofa headrest
  • Adjustable table for passenger in wheelchair and companion near large window
  • Storage for wheelchair near bed/sofa
  • Space for service animal

Photo of man in wheelchair pushing button to open power entrance door.

Fig. 2 Entrance power door

Photo of toilet with grab bars

Fig. 3 Toilet with grab bars

Photo of shower seat with pivoting support arm

Fig. 4 Shower seat with pivoting support arm

Photo of empty wheelchair in open space near bed. 
Fig. 5 60” circle in front of bed Fig.

Photo showing the bed height nearly the same as the wheelchair seating height.

6 Bed height same as wheelchair

Photo of adjustable table near window

Fig. 7 Adjustable table near window

Photo of dual audio and visual alarms. 
Fig. 8 Dual audio and visual alarm