The Access Board issued accessibility guidelines for transportation vehicles on September 6, 1991 (56 FR 45530).  The 1991 guidelines were organized by subparts based on vehicle type (e.g., buses and vans, rapid rail vehicles, over-the-road buses).  The 1991 guidelines were amended on September 28, 1998 to add requirements for over-the-road buses (63 FR 51694).  The 2008 draft guidelines revise and update the requirements for buses, vans, and over-the-road buses.  The requirements for rail vehicles will be revised and updated at a later time.  The 2008 draft guidelines use a new format and plain language principles.  The new format is organized by chapters as follows:

  • Chapter T1 contains general requirements and definitions that were found in Subpart A – General of the 1991 guidelines.  The 2008 draft of Chapter T1 includes definitions applicable to buses, vans, and over-the-road buses.  Definitions applicable to rail vehicles will be added when the requirements for rail vehicles are updated and revised.
  • Chapter T2 organizes all the scoping requirements, which specify what features must be accessible, in one chapter based on vehicle type.  The 2008 draft of Chapter T2 contains scoping requirements for buses, vans, and over-the-road buses that were found in Subpart B – Buses, Vans and Systems and Subpart G – Over-the-Road Buses and Systems of the 1991 guidelines.  Scoping requirements for rail vehicles will be added when the requirements for rail vehicles are updated and revised.
  • Chapters T3 to T8 contain the technical requirements, which specify how to design features so they are accessible.  The technical requirements in Chapters T2 to T8 apply where required by the scoping requirements in Chapter T2, or where referenced by another technical requirement.  Additional technical requirements for rail vehicles will be added when the requirements for rail vehicles are updated and revised, including a new Chapter T6 that will contain the technical requirements for circulation paths and doorways on rail vehicles.

This document compares the draft 2008 guidelines and the 1991 guidelines, as amended in 1998, which are codified at 36 CFR Part 1192.  The following terms are used to describe the changes:

Editorial means only format and style changes are made in the draft 2008 guidelines.  The requirement is the same in the 1991 guidelines and the draft 2008 guidelines.

Eliminates means a requirement in the 1991 guidelines is not contained in the draft 2008 guidelines.

Introductory section means a section in the draft 2008 guidelines introduces requirements in succeeding sections.

New means the draft 2008 guidelines contain a requirement that is not contained in the 1991 guidelines.  Most of the new requirements apply to level boarding bus systems, a new form of bus transportation that did not exist in 1991.

Technical amendment means the 2008 draft guidelines clarify or modify a requirement contained in the 1991 guidelines.

Draft 2008 Guidelines1991 GuidelinesChanges

CHAPTER T1: APPLICATION AND ADMINISITRATION

T101 General.  This document contains scoping and technical requirements for vehicles that are readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities.  The requirements apply to the acquisition  of new, used, and remanufactured vehicles and the remanufacture of existing vehicles to the extent required by regulations in 49 CFR Part 37 issued by the Department of Transportation under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA).

Subpart A – General 

§1192.1 Purpose.

This part provides minimum guidelines and requirements for accessibility standards to be issued by the Department of Transportation in 49 CFR part 37 for transportation vehicles required to be accessible by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990, 42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.

Technical amendment clarifies that scoping and technical requirements apply to the acquisition of new, used, and remanufactured vehicles and the remanufacture of existing vehicles to the extent required by regulations issued by the Department of Transportation.
T102 Equivalent Facilitation.  The requirements in this document do not prevent the use of alternative designs or technologies that result in substantially equivalent or greater accessibility and usability.  Determinations of compliance are made on a case-by-case basis by the Department of Transportation under the procedure set forth in 49 CFR §37.7.

§1192.2 Equivalent facilitation.

Departures from particular technical and scoping requirements of these guidelines by use of other designs and technologies are permitted where the alternative designs and technologies used will provide substantially equivalent or greater access to and usability of the vehicle.  Departures are to be considered on a case-by-case basis by the Department of Transportation under the procedure set forth in 49 CFR 37.7.

Editorial.

T103 Conventions

T103.1 Dimensions.  Dimensions that are not stated as maximum or minimum are absolute.

§1192.4 Miscellaneous instructions.

(a) Dimensional conventions.  Dimensions that are not noted as minimum or maximum are absolute.

Editorial.
T103.2 Tolerances.  All dimensions are subject to conventional industry tolerances for manufacturing processes, material properties, and field conditions.

§1192.4 Miscellaneous instructions.

(b) Dimensional tolerances.  All dimensions are subject to conventional engineering tolerances for material properties and field conditions, including normal anticipated wear not exceeding accepted industry-wide standards and practices.

Technical amendment includes tolerances for manufacturing processes.

§1192.4 Miscellaneous instructions.

(c) Notes.  The text of these guidelines does not contain notes or footnotes.  Additional information, explanations, and advisory materials are located in the Appendix.

(d) General terminology.  The terms used in this part shall have the following meanings:

(1) Comply with means meet one or more specification of these guidelines.

(2) If, or if...then denotes a specification that applies only when the conditions described are present.

(3) May denotes an option or alternative.

(4) Shall denotes a mandatory specification or requirement.

(5) Should denotes an advisory specification or recommendation and is used only in the appendix to this part.

Eliminates notes and general terminology.  Draft 2008 guidelines state scoping and technical requirements in mandatory terms (shall).  Draft 2008 guidelines contain advisory information that is clearly delineated from scoping and technical requirements.
T103.3 Figures.  Figures are provided for informational purposes only, except for Figure T703. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines include all requirements in text, except for the International Symbol of Accessibility in Figure T703.
T103.4 Units of Measurement.  Measurements are stated in metric and U.S. customary units.  The values stated in each system (metric or U.S. customary units) may not be exact equivalents, and each system shall be used independently of the other. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines state measurements in metric and U.S. customary units.
T103.5 Vehicle Length.  The length of buses, over-the-road buses, and vans is measured from standard bumper to standard bumper, exclusive of any additional protrusions. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines state how vehicle length is measured.

T104 Definitions

T104.1 General.  For the purpose of this document, the terms defined in T104.4 have the indicated meaning.

Introductory section.
T104.2 Undefined Terms.  The meaning of terms not specifically defined in T104.4 or in regulations issued by the Department of Transportation shall be as defined by collegiate dictionaries in the sense that the context implies. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines use collegiate dictionaries to define undefined terms.
T104.3 Interchangeability.  Words, terms and phrases used in the singular include the plural; and words, terms and phrases used in the plural include the singular. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines use singular and plural interchangeably.

T104.4 Defined Terms.

Accessible.  A vehicle that complies with the requirements of this document in effect at the time of purchase, lease or remanufacture.

§1192.3 Definitions.

Accessible means, with respect to vehicles covered by this part, compliance with the provisions of this part.

Editorial.

Boarding device.  A lift, ramp, or bridgeplate.

New definition.

Bridgeplate.  A short plate or short ramp designed to bridge a horizontal or vertical gap between a vehicle floor and a station platform, or between a vehicle floor and a lift platform.

New definition.

Bus.  Any of several types of self-propelled vehicles, generally rubber tired, intended for use on city streets, highways, and busways, including but not limited to minibuses, forty-foot and thirty-foot transit buses, articulated buses, double-deck buses, electric powered trolley buses, and vehicles designed to look like antique or vintage trolleys or street cars, used to provide designated or specified public transportation services.

Bus means any of several types of self-propelled vehicles, other than an over-the-road bus, generally rubber tired, intended for use on city streets, highways, and busways, including but not limited to minibuses, forty- and thirty-foot transit buses, articulated buses, double-deck buses, and electric powered trolley buses, used to provide designated or specified public transportation services.  Self-propelled, rubber tire vehicles designed to look like antique or vintage trolleys or street cars are considered buses. Editorial.
Common wheelchairs and mobility aids means belonging to a class of three or four wheeled devices, usable indoors, designed for and used by persons with mobility impairments which do not exceed 30 inches in width and 48 inches in length, measured 2 inches above the ground, and do not weigh more than 600 pounds when occupied. Eliminates definition.  Term "common wheelchairs and mobility aids" not used in draft 2008 guidelines.  See T403.1.
Demand responsive system means any system of transporting individuals, including the provision of designated public transportation service by public entities and the provision of transportation service by private entities, including but not limited to specified public transportation service, which is not a fixed route system. Eliminates definition.  Term "demand responsive system" defined in Department of Transportation regulations.
Designated public transportation means transportation provided by a public entity (other than public school transportation) by bus, rail, or other conveyance (other than transportation by aircraft or intercity or commuter rail transportation) that provides the general public with general or special service, including charter service, on a regular and continuing basis. Eliminates definition.  Term "designated public transportation" defined in Department of Transportation regulations.

Fixed route system.  A system of transporting individuals (other than by aircraft), including the provision of designated public transportation, as defined in 49 CFR §37.3, by public entities and the provision of transportation by private entities, including, but not limited to specified public transportation, as defined in 49 CFR §37.3, on which a vehicle is operated along a prescribed route according to a fixed schedule or having a general frequency or headway, which may vary according to the time of day.

Fixed route system means a system of transporting individuals (other than by aircraft), including the provision of designated public transportation service by public entities and the provision of transportation service by private entities, including but not limited to specified public transportation service, on which a vehicle is operated along a prescribed route according to a fixed schedule. Technical amendment clarifies that fixed route system includes system on which vehicle is operated along a prescribed route with a general frequency or headway, which may vary according to the time of day.

Level boarding bus system.  A system on which buses operate where some or all of the designated boarding and alighting areas have station platforms, and the design of the station platforms and the vehicles are coordinated to provide level boarding.

New definition.

New vehicle.  A vehicle which is offered for sale or lease after manufacture without any prior use.

New vehicle means a vehicle which is offered for sale or lease after manufacture without any prior use. Editorial.

Over-the-Road Bus.  A bus characterized by an elevated passenger deck located over a baggage compartment.

Over-the-road bus means a vehicle characterized by an elevated passenger deck located over a baggage compartment. Editorial.

Remanufactured vehicle.  A vehicle which has been structurally restored and has had new or rebuilt major components installed to extend its service life.

Remanufactured vehicle means a vehicle which has been structurally restored and has had new or rebuilt major components installed to extend its service life. Editorial.
Specified public transportation means transportation by bus, rail, or any other conveyance (other than aircraft) provided by a private entity to the general public, with general or special service (including charter service) on a regular and continuing basis. Eliminates definition.  Term "specified public transportation" defined in Department of Transportation regulations.

Surface discontinuities.  Differences in level between two adjacent surfaces.

New definition.

Used vehicle.  A vehicle with prior use.

Used vehicle means a vehicle with prior use. Editorial.

CHAPTER T2: SCOPING REQUIREMENTS

T201 General.  New, used, and remanufactured vehicles shall comply with the scoping requirements in Chapter T2 to the extent required by regulations in 49 CFR Part 37 issued by the Department of Transportation under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA).

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.21 General.

(a) New, used or remanufactured buses and vans (except over-the-road buses covered by subpart G of this part), to be considered accessible by regulations issued by the Department of Transportation in 49 CFR part 37, shall comply with the applicable provisions of this subpart.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.151 General.

(a) New, used and remanufactured over-the-road buses, to be considered accessible by regulations issued by the Department of Transportation in 49 CFR part 37, shall comply with this subpart.

(b) Over-the-road buses covered by 49 CFR 37.7(c) shall comply with §1192.23 and this subpart.

Technical amendment clarifies that scoping requirements apply to new, used, and remanufactured vehicles to the extent required by regulations issued by the Department of Transportation.
T202 Reduction in Access Prohibited.  Modifications to an accessible vehicle shall not decrease or have the effect of decreasing the accessibility of the vehicle below the requirements of this document that are in effect at the time of the modification.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.21 General.

(b) If portions of the vehicle are modified in a way that affects or could affect accessibility, each such portion shall comply, to the extent practicable, with the applicable provisions of this subpart.  This provision does not require that inaccessible buses be retrofitted with lifts, ramps or other boarding devices.

Technical amendment clarifies that modifications to an accessible vehicle must comply with accessibility requirements in effect at the time of the modification.

T203 Buses, Over-the-Road Buses, and Vans

T203.1 General.  Buses, over-the-road buses, and vans shall comply with T203.

Introductory section.
T203.2 Accessible Boarding.  Accessible boarding shall be provided in accordance with T203.2. Introductory section.
T203.2.1 Minimum Requirement for All Vehicles.  All vehicles shall provide in at least one doorway lifts or ramps that are capable of being deployed to all boarding and alighting areas served by the vehicle and to the roadway.  The lifts shall comply with T302, and the ramps shall comply with T303.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(a) General All vehicles covered by this subpart shall provide a level-change mechanism or boarding device (e.g., lift or ramp) complying with paragraph (b) or (c) of this section and sufficient clearances to permit a wheelchair or other mobility aid user to reach a securement location.  At least two securement locations and devices, complying with paragraph (d) of this section, shall be provided on vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length; at least one securement location and device, complying with paragraph (d) of this section, shall be provided on vehicles 22 feet in length or less.

 (b) Vehicle lift.  –

(2) Controls.  – (i) Requirements.  The controls shall be interlocked with the vehicle brakes, transmission, or door, or shall provide other appropriate mechanisms or systems, to ensure that the vehicle cannot be moved when the lift is not stowed and so the lift cannot be deployed unless the interlocks or systems are engaged.  The lift shall deploy to all levels (i.e., ground, curb, and intermediate positions) normally encountered in the operating environment.  Where provided, each control for deploying, lowering, raising, and stowing the lift and lowering the roll-off barrier shall be of a momentary contact type requiring continuous manual pressure by the operator and shall not allow improper lift sequencing when the lift platform is occupied.  The controls shall allow reversal of the lift operation sequence, such as raising or lowering a platform that is part way down, without allowing an occupied platform to fold or retract into the stowed position.

(ii) Exception.  Where the lift is designed to deploy with its long dimension parallel to the vehicle axis and which pivots into or out of the vehicle while occupied (i.e., "rotary lift"), the requirements of this paragraph prohibiting the lift from being stowed while occupied shall not apply if the stowed position is within the passenger compartment and the lift is intended to be stowed while occupied.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(a)(1) General.  All vehicles covered by this subpart shall provide a level-change mechanism or boarding device (e.g., lift or ramp) complying with paragraph (b) or (c) of this section and sufficient clearances to permit a wheelchair or other mobility aid user to reach a securement location.  At least two securement locations and devices, complying with paragraph (d) of this section, shall be provided.

(2) Exception.  If portable or station-based lifts, ramps or bridge plates meeting the applicable requirements of this section are provided at stations or other stops required to be accessible under regulations issued by the Department of Transportation, the bus is not required to be equipped with a vehicle-borne device.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(2) Controls.  – (i) Requirements.  [Same as above.]

Technical amendment clarifies that lifts and ramps must be capable of being deployed to all boarding and alighting areas served by the vehicle and to the roadway.

Eliminates exception permitting use of portable or station based boarding devices for over-the-road buses.

T203.2.1.2 Ramps.  Where ramps are provided on vehicles more than 6.7 m (22 feet) in length, the ramps shall be permanently installed and power operated.

EXCEPTION:  Vehicles that operate only in level boarding bus systems where all the designated boarding and alighting areas have station platforms shall be permitted to provide portable ramps that are capable of being deployed to the roadway on board the vehicle.

New.  Ramps provided on vehicles more than 6.7 m (22 feet) in length typically are permanently installed and power operated.  The exception permits portable ramps to be provided on certain vehicles operating in level boarding bus systems.
T203.2.2 Additional Requirements for Level Boarding Bus Systems.  Vehicles operating in level boarding bus systems shall comply with the additional requirements in T203.2.2. Introductory section.
T203.2.2.1 Vehicle Floor and Station Platform Coordination.  The design of the vehicle shall be coordinated with the station platforms to minimize the gap between the vehicle floor and the station platforms. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new scoping requirement for vehicle floor and station platform coordination on level boarding bus systems.
T203.2.2.2 Bridgeplates and Ramps.  Where the gap between the vehicle floor and the station platforms is greater than 51 mm (2 inches) horizontally or 16 mm (⅝ inch) vertically when measured at 50 percent passenger load with the vehicle at rest, vehicles shall provide bridgeplates or ramps that are capable of being deployed to the station platforms in accordance with T203.2.2.2.  The bridgeplates and ramps shall comply with T303, and shall be permanently installed and power operated. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new scoping requirement for ramps and bridgeplates on level boarding bus systems.
T203.2.2.2.1 Doorways on One Side of Vehicle.  Where doorways are provided on one side of the vehicle to serve station platforms, the vehicle shall provide a ramp or bridgeplate in at least one doorway. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new scoping requirement for ramps and bridgeplates on level boarding bus systems.
T203.2.2.2.2 Doorways on Two Sides of Vehicle.  Where doorways are provided on two sides of the vehicle to serve station platforms, the vehicle shall provide a ramp or bridgeplate in at least one doorway on each side of the vehicle. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new scoping requirement for ramps and bridgeplates on level boarding bus systems.
T203.3 Wheelchair Spaces.  Wheelchair spaces complying with T402 shall be provided on vehicles in accordance with T203.3. Introductory section.
T203.3.1 Large Vehicles.  On vehicles more than 6.7 m (22 feet) in length, at least two wheelchair spaces shall be provided.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(a) General.  All vehicles covered by this subpart shall provide a level-change mechanism or boarding device (e.g., lift or ramp) complying with paragraph (b) or (c); of this section and sufficient clearances to permit a wheelchair or other mobility aid user to reach a securement location.  At least two securement locations and devices, complying with paragraph (d) of this section, shall be provided on vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length; at least one securement location and device, complying with paragraph (d) of this section, shall be provided on vehicles 22 feet in length or less.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(a)(1) General.  All vehicles covered by this subpart shall provide a level-change mechanism or boarding device (e.g., lift or ramp) complying with paragraph (b) or (c) of this section and sufficient clearances to permit a wheelchair or other mobility aid user to reach a securement location.  At least two securement locations and devices, complying with paragraph (d) of this section, shall be provided.

Highlighted text – Editorial.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain separate scoping requirements for wheelchair spaces and securement systems.
T203.3.2 Small Vehicles.  On vehicles 6.7 m (22 feet) or less in length, at least one wheelchair space shall be provided.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(a) General.  All vehicles covered by this subpart shall provide a level-change mechanism or boarding device (e.g., lift or ramp) complying with paragraph (b) or (c); of this section and sufficient clearances to permit a wheelchair or other mobility aid user to reach a securement location.  At least two securement locations and devices, complying with paragraph (d) of this section, shall be provided on vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length; at least one securement location and device, complying with paragraph (d) of this section, shall be provided on vehicles 22 feet in length or less.

Editorial.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain separate scoping requirements for wheelchair spaces and securement systems.
T203.3.3 Location.  Wheelchair spaces shall be located in accordance with T203.3.3.1 or T203.3.3.2. Introductory section.
T203.3.3.1 General.  Wheelchair spaces shall be located as near as practicable to doorways with boarding devices.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices

(2) Location and size.  The securement system shall be placed as near to the accessible entrance as practicable and shall have a clear floor area of 30 inches (760 mm) by 48 inches (1220 mm).  Such space shall adjoin, and may overlap, an access path.  Not more than 6 inches (150 mm) of the required clear floor space may be accommodated for footrests under another seat, modesty panel, or other fixed element provided there is a minimum of 9 inches (230 mm) from the floor to the lowest part of the seat overhanging the space.  Securement areas may have fold-down seats to accommodate other passengers when a wheelchair or mobility aid is not occupying the area, provided the seats, when folded up, do not obstruct the clear floor space required.  (See Figure 2).

Editorial.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain separate scoping requirements for wheelchair spaces and securement systems.
T203.3.3.2 Level Boarding Bus Systems.  On vehicles operating in level boarding bus systems where the vehicle floor and station platforms are coordinated so that ramps or bridgeplates are not required to be deployed to station platforms, wheelchair spaces shall be located as near as practicable either to doorways serving the station platforms, or to doorways with boarding devices required by T203.2.1. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new scoping requirement for location of wheelchair spaces on level boarding bus systems.
T203.3.4 Signs.  Wheelchair spaces shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with T703.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.27 Priority seating signs.

(b) Each securement location shall have a sign designating it as such.

Editorial.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain separate scoping requirements for wheelchair spaces and securement systems.
T203.4 Circulation Paths.  Circulation paths on vehicles shall comply with T203.4. Introductory section.
T203.4.1 Surfaces.  All circulation path surfaces shall comply with T802. See T802.
T203.4.2 Wheelchair Spaces.  Circulation paths shall connect each wheelchair space to doorways in accordance with T203.4.2.  Circulation paths connecting wheelchair spaces to doorways shall comply with T502. Introductory section.

T203.4.2.1 Doorways with Boarding Devices.  On all vehicles, a circulation path shall connect each wheelchair space to a doorway with a boarding device that can be deployed to the roadway.

EXCEPTION:  On vehicles eligible for the exception in T203.2.2, a circulation path shall connect each wheelchair space to a doorway where a portable ramp can be deployed to the roadway.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(a) General.  All vehicles covered by this subpart shall provide a level-change mechanism or boarding device (e.g., lift or ramp) complying with paragraph (b) or (c); of this section and sufficient clearances to permit a wheelchair or other mobility aid user to reach a securement location.  At least two securement locations and devices, complying with paragraph (d) of this section, shall be provided on vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length; at least one securement location and device, complying with paragraph (d) of this section, shall be provided on vehicles 22 feet in length or less.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(a)(1) General.  All vehicles covered by this subpart shall provide a level-change mechanism or boarding device (e.g., lift or ramp) complying with paragraph (b) or (c) of this section and sufficient clearances to permit a wheelchair or other mobility aid user to reach a securement location.  At least two securement locations and devices, complying with paragraph (d) of this section, shall be provided.

Technical amendment clarifies that circulation path must connect each wheelchair space to a doorway with a boarding device that can be deployed to the roadway.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain separate scoping requirements for wheelchair spaces and securement systems.

Exception permits circulation path on certain vehicles operating in level boarding bus systems to connect each wheelchair space to a doorway where a portable ramp can be deployed to the roadway.

T203.4.2.2 Additional Requirements for Level Boarding Bus Systems.  Vehicles operating in level boarding bus systems shall comply with the additional requirements in T203.4.2.2. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new scoping requirement for circulation paths connecting wheelchair spaces to doorways on level boarding bus systems.
T203.4.2.2.1 Doorways on One Side of Vehicle.  Where doorways are provided on one side of the vehicle to serve station platforms, a circulation path shall connect each wheelchair space to doorways in accordance with T203.4.3.1.1 or T203.4.3.1.2. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new scoping requirement for circulation paths connecting wheelchair spaces to doorways on level boarding bus systems.
T203.4.2.2.1.1 Ramps or Bridgeplates Deployed to Station Platforms.  Where ramps or bridgeplates are deployed to station platforms, a circulation path shall connect each wheelchair space to a doorway with a ramp or bridgeplate that can be deployed to the station platform. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new scoping requirement for circulation paths connecting wheelchair spaces to doorways on level boarding bus systems.
T203.4.2.2.1.2 Ramps or Bridgeplates Not Deployed to Station Platforms.  Where the vehicle floor and station platforms are coordinated so that ramps or bridgeplates are not required to be deployed to station platforms, a circulation path shall connect each wheelchair space to a doorway that serves the station platforms. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new scoping requirement for circulation paths connecting wheelchair spaces to doorways on level boarding bus systems.
T203.4.2.2.2 Doorways on Two Sides of Vehicle.  Where doorways are provided on two sides of the vehicle to serve station platforms, a circulation path shall connect each wheelchair space to doorways in accordance with T203.4.2.2.2.1 or T203.4.2.2.2.2. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new scoping requirement for circulation paths connecting wheelchair spaces to doorways on level boarding bus systems.
T203.4.2.2.2.1 Ramps or Bridgeplates Deployed to Station Platforms.  Where ramps or bridgeplates are deployed to station platforms, a circulation path shall connect each wheelchair space to a doorway on each side of the vehicle with a ramp or bridgeplate that can be deployed to the station platform. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new scoping requirement for circulation paths connecting wheelchair spaces to doorways on level boarding bus systems.
T203.4.2.2.2.2 Ramps or Bridgeplates Not Deployed to Station Platforms.  Where the vehicle floor and station platforms are coordinated so that ramps or bridgeplates are not required to be deployed to station platforms, a circulation path shall connect each wheelchair space to a doorway on each side of the vehicle that serves the station platforms. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new scoping requirement for circulation paths connecting wheelchair spaces to doorways on level boarding bus systems.
T203.5 Doorways.  Doorways shall comply with T203.5. Introductory section.
T203.5.1 Doorways with Boarding Devices.  Doorways with boarding devices shall comply with T503.1. See T503.1.
T203.5.2. Doorways with Level Entry Boarding.  Doorways with level entry boarding shall comply with T503.2. See T503.2.
T203.5.3 Doorways on Over-the-Road Buses.  Doorways on over-the-road buses shall comply with T503.3. See T503.3.
T203.5.4 Signs.  Doorways that are connected to wheelchair spaces by a circulation path complying with T502 shall be identified on the exterior of the vehicle by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with T703.  If all the doorways are connected to wheelchair spaces by a circulation path complying with T502, the doorways shall not be required to be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new scoping requirement for signs identifying doorways that are connected to wheelchair spaces by an accessible circulation path.
T203.5.5 Lighting.  Where lighting is provided at doorways, lighting shall comply with T803. See T803.
T203.6 Steps.  Steps shall comply with T504. See T504.
T203.7 Handrails, Stanchions, and Handholds.  Handrails and stanchions complying with T505 shall be provided at passenger doorways, at fare collection devices where provided on vehicles, and along all circulation paths.  On vehicles more than 6.7m (22 feet) in length, handholds or stanchions shall be provided on the backs of forward and rear facing seats. See T505.
T203.8 Securement Systems.  Securement systems complying with T403 shall be provided at each wheelchair space.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(a) General.  All vehicles covered by this subpart shall provide a level-change mechanism or boarding device (e.g., lift or ramp) complying with paragraph (b) or (c); of this section and sufficient clearances to permit a wheelchair or other mobility aid user to reach a securement location.  At least two securement locations and devices, complying with paragraph (d) of this section, shall be provided on vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length; at least one securement location and device, complying with paragraph (d) of this section, shall be provided on vehicles 22 feet in length or less.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(a)(1) General.  All vehicles covered by this subpart shall provide a level-change mechanism or boarding device (e.g., lift or ramp) complying with paragraph (b) or (c) of this section and sufficient clearances to permit a wheelchair or other mobility aid user to reach a securement location.  At least two securement locations and devices, complying with paragraph (d) of this section, shall be provided.

Editorial.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain separate scoping requirements for wheelchair spaces and securement systems.
T203.9 Seat Belts and Shoulder Belts.  Seat belts and shoulder belts complying with T404 shall be provided at each wheelchair space. See T404.
T203.10 Seats.  Seats shall comply with T203.10. Introductory section.
T203.10.1 Priority Seats.  At least two seats shall be designated as priority seats for passengers with disabilities.  The priority seats shall be located as near as practicable to a doorway that is used for both boarding and alighting.  Where aisle facing seats are provided, one of the priority seats shall be an aisle facing seat, and one of the priority seats shall be a forward facing seat.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.27 Priority seating signs.

(a) Each vehicle shall contain sign(s) which indicate that seats in the front of the vehicle are priority seats for persons with disabilities, and that other passengers should make such seats available to those who wish to use them.  At least one set of forward-facing seats shall be so designated.

Technical amendment clarifies that "set of seats" is "two seats."  Technical amendment accommodates variety of vehicles by allowing priority seats to be located near doorway that is used for both boarding and alighting, instead of the front of the vehicle; and by requiring one of the priority seats to be an aisle facing seat, where aisle facing seats are provided.
T203.10.2 Signs.  Priority seats required by T203.10.1 shall be identified by signs complying with T702 that inform other passengers to make the seats available to passengers with disabilities.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.27 Priority seating signs.

(a) Each vehicle shall contain sign(s) which indicate that seats in the front of the vehicle are priority seats for persons with disabilities, and that other passengers should make such seats available to those who wish to use them.  At least one set of forward-facing seats shall be so designated.

Editorial.
T203.10.2 Aisle Seats on Over-the-Road Buses.  Where armrests are provided on the aisle side of seats on over-the-road buses, the aisle seats shall comply with T203.11.2. Introductory section.
T203.10.2.1 Moveable or Removable Seats.  Folding or removable armrests shall be provided on the aisle side of all moveable or removable seats at wheelchair spaces.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.161 Moveable aisle armrests.

A minimum of 50% of aisle seats, including all moveable or removable seats at wheelchair or mobility aide securement locations, shall have an armrest on the aisle side which can be raised, removed, or retracted to permit easy entry or exit.

Editorial.
T203.10.2.2 Fixed Seats.  Folding or removable armrests shall be provided on the aisle side of at least 25 percent of all fixed aisle seats.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.161 Moveable aisle armrests.

A minimum of 50% of aisle seats, including all moveable or removable seats at wheelchair or mobility aide securement locations, shall have an armrest on the aisle side which can be raised, removed, or retracted to permit easy entry or exit.

Technical amendment modifies scoping requirement for moveable armrests on over-the-road buses from 50 percent of aisle seats, including all moveable or removable seats, to aisle side of all moveable or removable seats and 25 percent of all fixed aisle seats.
T203.11 Destination and Route Signs.  Where signs displaying destination or route information are provided on the exterior of a vehicle, the signs shall be provided on the front and boarding side of the vehicle.  The signs shall be illuminated and shall comply with T702.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.39 Destination and route signs.

(a) Where destination or route information is displayed on the exterior of a vehicle, each vehicle shall have illuminated signs on the front and boarding side of the vehicle.

Editorial.
T203.12 Automated Route Announcement Systems.  On vehicles more than 6.7 m (22 feet) in length operated by public entities on fixed route systems that stop at designated boarding and alighting areas serving more than one route, automated route announcement systems complying with T704 shall be provided if the vehicles. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new scoping requirement for automated route announcement systems on vehicles more than 6.7 m (22 feet) in length operated by public entities on fixed route systems that stop at designated boarding and alighting areas serving more than one route.
T203.13 Automated Stop Announcement Systems.  On vehicles more than 6.7 m (22 feet) in length operated by public entities on fixed route systems that stop at multiple designated boarding and alighting areas, automated stop announcement systems complying with T705 shall be provided.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.35 Public information system.

(a) Vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length, used in multiple-stop, fixed-route service, shall be equipped with a public address system permitting the driver, or recorded or digitized human speech messages, to announce stops and provide other passenger information within the vehicle.

Technical amendment requires automated system for stop announcements on vehicles more than 6.7 m (22 feet) in length operated by public entities on fixed route systems that stop at multiple designated boarding and alighting areas.
T203.14 Stop Request Systems.  On vehicles more than 6.7 m (22 feet) in length operated by public entities or private entities on fixed route systems that stop at multiple designated boarding and alighting areas on passenger request, stop request systems complying with T706 shall be provided.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.37 Stop request.

(a) Where passengers may board or alight at multiple stops at their option, vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length shall provide controls adjacent to the securement location for requesting stops and which alerts the driver that a mobility aid user wishes to disembark.  Such a system shall provide auditory and visual indications that the request has been made.

Editorial.
T203.15 Fare Collection Devices.  Where fare collection devices are provided on vehicles, fare collection devices shall comply with T806. See T806.

CHAPTER T3: BOARDING DEVICES

T301 General.  The technical requirements in Chapter T3 shall apply where required by Chapter T2.

Introductory section.

T302 Lifts

T302.1 General.  Lifts shall comply with T302.

Introductory section.
T302.2 Design Load.  The lift design load shall be 300 kg (660 pounds) minimum.  Load carrying components that are subject to wear shall have a design safety factor of at least six, based on the ultimate strength of the material.  Other components that are not subject to wear shall have a design safety factor of at least three, based on the ultimate strength of the material.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(1) Design load.  The design load of the lift shall be at least 600 pounds.  Working parts, such as cables, pulleys, and shafts, which can be expected to wear, and upon which the lift depends for support of the load, shall have a safety factor of at least six, based on the ultimate strength of the material.  Nonworking parts, such as platform, frame, and attachment hardware which would not be expected to wear, shall have a safety factor of at least three, based on the ultimate strength of the material.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(1) Design load.  [Same as above.]

Technical amendment increases lift design load to 300 kg (660 pounds) minimum.
T302.3 Controls.  Lift controls shall comply with T302.3. Introductory section.
T302.3.1 Interlocks.  Lift controls shall be interlocked with the vehicle brakes, transmission, propulsion system, or door, or shall provide other systems to prevent the vehicle from moving when the lift is not stowed.  Lift controls shall not be operable unless the interlocks are engaged.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(2) Controls.  – (i) Requirements.  The controls shall be interlocked with the vehicle brakes, transmission, or door, or shall provide other appropriate mechanisms or systems, to ensure that the vehicle cannot be moved when the lift is not stowed and so the lift cannot be deployed unless the interlocks or systems are engaged.  The lift shall deploy to all levels (i.e., ground, curb, and intermediate positions) normally encountered in the operating environment.  Where provided, each control for deploying, lowering, raising, and stowing the lift and lowering the roll-off barrier shall be of a momentary contact type requiring continuous manual pressure by the operator and shall not allow improper lift sequencing when the lift platform is occupied.  The controls shall allow reversal of the lift operation sequence, such as raising or lowering a platform that is part way down, without allowing an occupied platform to fold or retract into the stowed position.

(ii) Exception.  Where the lift is designed to deploy with its long dimension parallel to the vehicle axis and which pivots into or out of the vehicle while occupied (i.e., "rotary lift"), the requirements of this paragraph prohibiting the lift from being stowed while occupied shall not apply if the stowed position is within the passenger compartment and the lift is intended to be stowed while occupied.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(2) Controls.  – (i) Requirements.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T302.3.2 Sequence.  Lift controls shall be of a momentary contact type requiring continuous manual pressure.  Lift controls shall permit the operator to change the operation sequence.  Lift controls shall not permit the lift platform to be folded, retracted, or stowed when occupied, unless the platform is designed to be occupied when stowed in the passenger area of the vehicle.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(2) Controls.  – (i) Requirements.  The controls shall be interlocked with the vehicle brakes, transmission, or door, or shall provide other appropriate mechanisms or systems, to ensure that the vehicle cannot be moved when the lift is not stowed and so the lift cannot be deployed unless the interlocks or systems are engaged.  The lift shall deploy to all levels (i.e., ground, curb, and intermediate positions) normally encountered in the operating environment.  Where provided, each control for deploying, lowering, raising, and stowing the lift and lowering the roll-off barrier shall be of a momentary contact type requiring continuous manual pressure by the operator and shall not allow improper lift sequencing when the lift platform is occupied.  The controls shall allow reversal of the lift operation sequence, such as raising or lowering a platform that is part way down, without allowing an occupied platform to fold or retract into the stowed position.

(ii) Exception.  Where the lift is designed to deploy with its long dimension parallel to the vehicle axis and which pivots into or out of the vehicle while occupied (i.e., "rotary lift"), the requirements of this paragraph prohibiting the lift from being stowed while occupied shall not apply if the stowed position is within the passenger compartment and the lift is intended to be stowed while occupied.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(2) Controls.  – (i) Requirements.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T302.4 Manual Operation.  Lifts shall be capable of being operated manually if the power to the lift fails.  The manual operation shall be safe for the occupant and operator.  When operated manually, the lift platform shall deploy and lower to the boarding and alighting area or the roadway with an occupant; shall rise to the vehicle floor without an occupant; and shall stow.  The lift platform shall not fold, retract, or stow when occupied, unless the platform is designed to be occupied when stowed in the passenger area of the vehicle.  Doors which must be opened to allow the lift to operate shall have interior and exterior manual releases.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(3) Emergency operation.  The lift shall incorporate an emergency method of deploying, lowering to ground level with a lift occupant, and raising and stowing the empty lift if the power to the lift fails.  No emergency method, manual or otherwise, shall be capable of being operated in a manner that could be hazardous to the lift occupant or to the operator when operated according to manufacturer's instructions, and shall not permit the platform to be stowed or folded when occupied, unless the lift is a rotary lift and is intended to be stowed while occupied.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(3) Emergency operation.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T302.5 Platforms.  Lift platforms shall comply with T302.5. Introductory section.
T302.5.1 Surfaces.  Lift platform surfaces shall comply with T802. See T802.
T302.5.2 Size.  The lift platform clear width shall be 720 mm (28½ inches) minimum measured at the platform surface, and 760 mm (30 inches) minimum measured from 51 mm (2 inches) above the platform surface to 1015 mm (40 inches) minimum above the platform surface.  The lift platform clear length shall be 1015 mm (40 inches) minimum measured at the platform surface and g1220 mm (48 inches) minimum measured from 51 mm (2 inches) above the platform surface to 1015 mm (40 inches) above the platform surface.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(6) Platform surface.  The platform surface shall be free of any protrusions over ¼ inch high and shall be slip resistant.  The platform shall have a minimum clear width of 28½ inches at the platform, a minimum clear width of 30 inches measured from 2 inches above the platform surface to 30 inches above the platform, and a minimum clear length of 48 inches measured from 2 inches above the surface of the platform to 30 inches above the surface of the platform.  (See Fig. 1).

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(6) Platform surface.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.

T302.5.3 Edge Barriers.  Lift platforms shall have edge barriers complying with Table T302.5.3 to prevent the wheels of wheelchairs and mobility aids from rolling off the platforms.  Openings between lift platform surfaces and raised barriers shall not permit passage of a sphere more than 16 mm (⅝ inch) diameter.  Edge barriers shall not interfere with the maneuvering of wheelchairs and mobility aids.

Table T302.5.3 Lift Platform Edge Barriers
Side of Lift PlatformEdge Barrier Required
Side of lift platform used to enter and exit the platform at boarding and alighting area Moveable barrier or supplementary system capable of preventing power wheelchairs and power mobility aids from riding over or defeating the barrier or supplementary system.  The barrier or supplementary system shall automatically raise or engage, and remain raised or engaged when the lift platform is more than 75 mm (3 inches) above the boarding and alighting area level.  The barrier or supplementary system shall be permitted to be operated manually if an interlock or other design feature prevents the lift from operating unless the barrier or supplementary system is raised or engaged.
Side of lift platform used to enter and exit the vehicle Moveable barrier or other design feature to prevent the wheels of wheelchairs or mobility aids from rolling off the lift platform when the platform is not at the vehicle floor level
Other sides of lift platform Barriers 38 mm (1½ inches) high minimum

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(5) Platform barriers.  The lift platform shall be equipped with barriers to prevent any of the wheels of a wheelchair or mobility aid from rolling off the platform during its operation.  A movable barrier or inherent design feature shall prevent a wheelchair or mobility aid from rolling off the edge closest to the vehicle until the platform is in its fully raised position.  Each side of the lift platform which extends beyond the vehicle in its raised position shall have a barrier a minimum 1½ inches high.  Such barriers shall not interfere with maneuvering into or out of the aisle.  The loading-edge barrier (outer barrier) which functions as a loading ramp when the lift is at ground level, shall be sufficient when raised or closed, or a supplementary system shall be provided, to prevent a power wheelchair or mobility aid from riding over or defeating it.  The outer barrier of the lift shall automatically raise or close, or a supplementary system shall automatically engage, and remain raised, closed, or engaged at all times that the platform is more than 3 inches above the roadway or sidewalk and the platform is occupied.  Alternatively, a barrier or system may be raised, lowered, opened, closed, engaged, or disengaged by the lift operator, provided an interlock or inherent design feature prevents the lift from rising unless the barrier is raised or closed or the supplementary system is engaged.

(7) Platform gaps.  Any openings between the platform surface and the raised barriers shall not exceed ⅝ inch in width.  When the platform is at vehicle floor height with the inner barrier (if applicable) down or retracted, gaps between the forward lift platform edge and the vehicle floor shall not exceed ½ inch horizontally and ⅝ inch vertically.  Platforms on semi-automatic lifts may have a hand hold not exceeding 1½ inches by 4½ inches located between the edge barriers.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(5) Platform barriers.  [Same as above.]

(7) Platform gaps.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T302.5.4 Gaps.  When the lift platform is at the vehicle floor level and any edge barrier is lowered, the gap between the platform surface and the vehicle floor shall be 13 mm (½ inch) maximum horizontally and 16 mm (⅝ inch) maximum vertically.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(7) Platform gaps.  Any openings between the platform surface and the raised barriers shall not exceed ⅝inch in width.  When the platform is at vehicle floor height with the inner barrier (if applicable) down or retracted, gaps between the forward lift platform edge and the vehicle floor shall not exceed ½ inch horizontally and ⅝ inch vertically.  Platforms on semi-automatic lifts may have a hand hold not exceeding 1½ inches by 4½ inches located between the edge barriers.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

7) Platform gaps.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T302.5.5 Threshold Ramps.  Threshold ramps from boarding and alighting areas to lift platforms and edge barriers used as threshold ramps shall have slopes not steeper than 1:8 (12.5 percent) for a rise of 75 mm (3 inches) maximum.  The slope shall be measured when the lift platform is level.  Surface discontinuities at transitions from boarding and alighting areas to threshold ramps shall comply with T802.5.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(8) Platform entrance ramp.  The entrance ramp, or loading-edge barrier used as a ramp, shall not exceed a slope of 1:8, measured on level ground, for a maximum rise of 3 inches, and the transition from roadway or sidewalk to ramp may be vertical without edge treatment up to ¼ inch.  Thresholds between ¼ inch and ½ inch high shall be beveled with a slope no greater than 1:2.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(8) Platform entrance ramp.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T302.5.6 Visual Contrast.  The perimeter of the lift platform surface shall be outlined.  The outline shall be 25 mm (1 inch) wide minimum and shall contrast visually with the rest of the platform surface either light-on-dark or dark-on-light.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.25 Doors, steps and thresholds.

(b) Contrast.  All step edges, thresholds, and the boarding edge of ramps or lift platforms shall have a band of color(s) running the full width of the step or edge which contrasts from the step tread and riser, or lift or ramp surface, either light-on-dark or dark-on-light.

Technical amendment harmonizes requirement for visual contrast on sides of lift platform with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) (49 CFR 571.403, S6.4.10).
T302.5.7 Deflection.  When occupied, lift platforms shall be permitted to deflect 3 degrees maximum in any direction with respect to the platform's unloaded position, exclusive of vehicle roll or pitch.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(9) Platform deflection.  The lift platform (not including the entrance ramp) shall not deflect more than 3 degrees (exclusive of vehicle roll or pitch) in any direction between its unloaded position and its position when loaded with 600 pounds applied through a 26 inch by 26 inch test pallet at the centroid of the platform.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(9) Platform deflection.  [Same as above.]

Technical amendment eliminates test for deflection of lift platform.  Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) (49 CFR 571.403, S6.4.10) specifies performance test for deflection of lift platform.
T302.5.8 Movement.  Lift platform movement shall comply with T302.5.8. Introductory section.
T302.5.8.1 Normal Operating Conditions.  When occupied, lift platforms shall move at a rate of 150 mm/second (6 inches/second) maximum, and the horizontal and vertical acceleration shall be 0.3g maximum under normal operating conditions.  When folding, retracting, or stowing, lift platforms shall move at a rate of 306 mm/second (12 inches/second) maximum under normal operating conditions, unless the platform is folded and stowed manually.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(10) Platform movement.  No part of the platform shall move at a rate exceeding 6 inches/second during lowering and lifting an occupant, and shall not exceed 12 inches/second during deploying or stowing.  This requirement does not apply to the deployment or stowage cycles of lifts that are manually deployed or stowed.  The maximum platform horizontal and vertical acceleration when occupied shall be 0.3g.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(10) Platform movement.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T302.5.8.2 Power or Equipment Failure.  In the event of a power failure or single failure of any load carrying component, lift platforms that are occupied or are stowed in a vertical position shall move at rate of 306 mm/second (12 inches/second) maximum.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(4) Power or equipment failure.  Platforms stowed in a vertical position, and deployed platforms when occupied, shall have provisions to prevent their deploying, falling, or folding any faster than 12 inches/second or their dropping of an occupant in the event of a single failure of any load carrying component.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(4) Power or equipment failure.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T302.5.9 Boarding Direction.  Lift platforms shall permit passengers who use wheelchairs and mobility aids to board the platforms facing either toward or away from the vehicle.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(11) Boarding direction.  The lift shall permit both inboard and outboard facing of wheelchair and mobility aid users.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(11) Boarding direction.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T302.5.10 Standees.  Lift platforms shall be usable by passengers who use walkers, crutches, canes, or braces or who otherwise have difficulty using steps.  Lift platforms shall be permitted to be marked to indicate a preferred standing position.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(12) Use by standees.  Lifts shall accommodate persons using walkers, crutches, canes or braces or who otherwise have difficulty using steps.  The platform may be marked to indicate a preferred standing position.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(12) Use by standees.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T302.5.11 Handrails.  Lifts platforms shall have handrails complying with T804 on two sides of the platform that move in tandem with the platform to provide support for passengers in a standing position.  Handrails shall have a usable gripping surface 205 mm (8 inches) long minimum.  The gripping surface shall be 760 mm (30 inches) minimum and 965 mm (38 inches) maximum above the lift platform surface.  Handrails shall not interfere with the maneuvering of wheelchairs and mobility aids.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(13) Handrails.  Platforms on lifts shall be equipped with handrails on two sides, which move in tandem with the lift, and which shall be graspable and provide support to standees throughout the entire lift operation.  Handrails shall have a usable component at least 8 inches long with the lowest portion a minimum 30 inches above the platform and the highest portion a maximum 38 inches above the platform.  The handrails shall be capable of withstanding a force of 100 pounds concentrated at any point on the handrail without permanent deformation of the rail or its supporting structure.  The handrail shall have a cross-sectional diameter between 1¼ inches and 1½ inches or shall provide an equivalent grasping surface, and have eased edges with corner radii of not less than ⅛ inch.  Handrails shall be placed to provide a minimum 1½ inches knuckle clearance from the nearest adjacent surface.  Handrails shall not interfere with wheelchair or mobility aid maneuverability when entering or leaving the vehicle.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(13) Handrails.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.

T303 Ramps and Bridgeplates

T303.1 General.  Ramps and bridgeplates shall comply with T303.  Ramps and bridgeplates shall be permitted to fold or telescope if all the requirements of T303 are met.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(5) Slope.  Ramps shall have the least slope practicable and shall not exceed 1:4 when deployed to ground level.  If the height of the vehicle floor from which the ramp is deployed is 3 inches or less above a 6 inch curb, a maximum slope of 1:4 is permitted; if the height of the vehicle floor from which the ramp is deployed is 6 inches or less, but greater than 3 inches, above a 6 inch curb, a maximum slope of 1:6 is permitted; if the height of the vehicle floor from which the ramp is deployed is 9 inches or less, but greater than 6 inches, above a 6 inch curb, a maximum slope of 1:8 is permitted; if the height of the vehicle floor from which the ramp is deployed is greater than 9 inches above a 6 inch curb, a slope of 1:12 shall be achieved. Folding or telescoping ramps are permitted provided they meet all structural requirements of this section.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(5) Slope.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T303.2 Design Load.  The design load of ramps and bridgeplates 760 mm (30 inches) or more in length shall be 300 kg (660 pounds) minimum.  The design load of ramps and bridgeplates less than 760 mm (30 inches) in length shall be 150 kg (330 pounds) minimum.  Ramps and bridgeplates shall have a design safety factor of at least 3, based on the ultimate strength of the material.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(1) Design load.  Ramps 30 inches or longer shall support a load of 600 pounds, placed at the centroid of the ramp distributed over an area of 26 inches by 26 inches, with a safety factor of at least 3 based on the ultimate strength of the material.  Ramps shorter than 30 inches shall support a load of 300 pounds.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(1) Design load.  [Same as above.]

Technical amendment increases design load to 300 kg (660 pounds) minimum for ramps and bridgeplates 760 mm (30 inches) or more in length, and to 150 kg (330 pounds) minimum for ramps and bridgeplates less than 760 mm (30 inches) in length.
T303.3 Attachment.  When used for boarding and alighting, ramps and bridgeplates shall be firmly attached to the vehicle and shall not be subject to displacement from the vehicle.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(6) Attachment.  When in use for boarding or alighting, the ramp shall be firmly attached to the vehicle so that it is not subject to displacement when loading or unloading a heavy power mobility aid and that no gap between vehicle and ramp exceeds ⅝ inch.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(6) Attachment.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T303.4 Emergency Operation.  Power operated ramps and bridgeplates shall be capable of being operated manually and in a manner that is safe for the occupant and operator if the power fails. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new technical requirement for emergency operation of ramps and bridgeplates.
T303.5 Surfaces.  Ramp and bridgeplate surfaces shall comply with T802, and shall be uninterrupted from edge to edge.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(2) Ramp surface.  The ramp surface shall be continuous and slip resistant; shall not have protrusions from the surface greater than ¼ inch high; shall have a clear width of 30 inches; and shall accommodate both four-wheel and three-wheel mobility aids.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(2) Ramp surface.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T303.6 Clear Width.  The ramp and bridgeplate clear width shall be 760 mm (30 inches) minimum.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(2) Ramp surface.  The ramp surface shall be continuous and slip resistant; shall not have protrusions from the surface greater than ¼ inch high; shall have a clear width of 30 inches; and shall accommodate both four-wheel and three-wheel mobility aids.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(2) Ramp surface.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T303.7 Edge Barriers.  The edges of ramps and bridgeplates that are more than 75 mm (3 inches) above the boarding and alighting area level shall have barriers 51 mm (2 inches) high minimum.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(4) Ramp barriers.  Each side of the ramp shall have barriers at least 2 inches high to prevent mobility aid wheels from slipping off.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(4) Ramp barriers.  [Same as above.]

Technical amendment requires edge barriers where edges of ramps and bridgeplates are more than 75 mm (3 inches) above the boarding and alighting area.
T303.8 Slope.  Ramp and bridgeplate slopes shall comply with T303.8 when measured at 50 percent passenger load. Technical amendment clarifies that ramp and bridgeplate slopes are measured at 50 percent passenger load.
T303.8.1 General.  Ramps and bridgeplates shall have slopes not steeper than 1:6 (17 percent) when deployed to boarding and alighting areas without station platforms and to the roadway.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(5) Slope.  Ramps shall have the least slope practicable and shall not exceed 1:4 when deployed to ground level.  If the height of the vehicle floor from which the ramp is deployed is 3 inches or less above a 6 inch curb, a maximum slope of 1:4 is permitted; if the height of the vehicle floor from which the ramp is deployed is 6 inches or less, but greater than 3 inches, above a 6 inch curb, a maximum slope of 1:6 is permitted; if the height of the vehicle floor from which the ramp is deployed is 9 inches or less, but greater than 6 inches, above a 6 inch curb, a maximum slope of 1:8 is permitted; if the height of the vehicle floor from which the ramp is deployed is greater than 9 inches above a 6 inch curb, a slope of 1:12 shall be achieved. Folding or telescoping ramps are permitted provided they meet all structural requirements of this section.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(5) Slope.  [Same as above.]

Technical amendment simplifies slope requirement by requiring ramps and bridgeplates to have slopes not steeper than 1:6 when deployed to boarding and alighting areas without station platforms and to the roadway.
T303.8.2 Station Platforms.  Ramps and bridgeplates shall have slopes not steeper than 1:8 (12.5 percent) when deployed to station platforms.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(5) Slope.  Ramps shall have the least slope practicable and shall not exceed 1:4 when deployed to ground level.  If the height of the vehicle floor from which the ramp is deployed is 3 inches or less above a 6 inch curb, a maximum slope of 1:4 is permitted; if the height of the vehicle floor from which the ramp is deployed is 6 inches or less, but greater than 3 inches, above a 6 inch curb, a maximum slope of 1:6 is permitted; if the height of the vehicle floor from which the ramp is deployed is 9 inches or less, but greater than 6 inches, above a 6 inch curb, a maximum slope of 1:8 is permitted; if the height of the vehicle floor from which the ramp is deployed is greater than 9 inches above a 6 inch curb, a slope of 1:12 shall be achieved. Folding or telescoping ramps are permitted provided they meet all structural requirements of this section.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(5) Slope.  [Same as above.]

Technical amendment simplifies slope requirement by requiring ramps and bridgeplates to have slopes not steeper than 1:8 when deployed to station platforms.
T303.9 Transitions.  Surface discontinuities at transitions from boarding and alighting areas to ramps and bridgeplates shall comply with T802.5. See T802.5.
T303.10 Visual Contrast.  The perimeter of the ramp and bridgeplate surface shall be outlined.  The outline shall be 25 mm (1 inch) wide minimum and shall contrast visually with the rest of the ramp and bridgeplate surface either light-on-dark or dark-on-light.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.25 Doors, steps and thresholds.

(b) Contrast.  All step edges, thresholds, and the boarding edge of ramps or lift platforms shall have a band of color(s) running the full width of the step or edge which contrasts from the step tread and riser, or lift or ramp surface, either light-on-dark or dark-on-light.

Technical amendment requires visual contrast on sides of ramps and bridgeplates.
T303.11 Gaps.  Gaps between the ramp or bridgeplate surface and vehicle floor shall not permit passage of a sphere more than 13 mm (½ inch) diameter.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(6) Attachment.  When in use for boarding or alighting, the ramp shall be firmly attached to the vehicle so that it is not subject to displacement when loading or unloading a heavy power mobility aid and that no gap between vehicle and ramp exceeds ⅝ inch.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(6) Attachment.  [Same as above.]

Technical amendment harmonizes requirement for gaps between the ramp or bridgeplate surface and vehicle floor with accessibility guidelines for buildings and facilities (36 CFR Part 1191, Appendix D, 302.3).
T303.12 Stowage.  Where portable ramps or bridgeplates are permitted, a compartment, securement system, or other method shall be provided within the vehicle to stow the ramps and bridgeplates when not in use.  When stowed in passenger areas, portable ramps and bridgeplates shall not pose a hazard to passengers, and shall not interfere with the maneuvering of wheelchairs and mobility aids.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(7) Stowage.  A compartment, securement system, or other appropriate method shall be provided to ensure that stowed ramps, including portable ramps stowed in the passenger area, do not impinge on a passenger's wheelchair or mobility aid or pose any hazard to passengers in the event of a sudden stop or maneuver.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(7) Stowage.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(8) Handrails.  If provided, handrails shall allow persons with disabilities to grasp them from outside the vehicle while starting to board, and to continue to use them throughout the boarding process, and shall have the top between 30 inches and 38 inches above the ramp surface.  The handrails shall be capable of withstanding a force of 100 pounds concentrated at any point on the handrail without permanent deformation of the rail or its supporting structure.  The handrail shall have a cross-sectional diameter between 1¼ inches and 1½ inches or shall provide an equivalent grasping surface, and have eased edges with corner radii of not less than ⅛ inch.  Handrails shall not interfere with wheelchair or mobility aid maneuverability when entering or leaving the vehicle.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(c) Vehicle ramp

8) Handrails.  [Same as above.]

Eliminates technical requirement for handrails on ramps.  Requirement applied where handrails are provided on ramps.  Handrails generally are not provided on vehicle ramps.

CHAPTER T4: WHEELCHAIR SPACES AND SECUREMENT SYSTEMS

T401 General.  The technical requirements in Chapter T4 shall apply where required by Chapter T2.

Introductory section.

T402 Wheelchair Spaces

T402.1 General.  Wheelchair spaces shall comply with T402.

Introductory section.
T402.3 Approach.  One full unobstructed side of each wheelchair space shall adjoin or overlap a circulation path complying with T502.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices

(2) Location and size.  The securement system shall be placed as near to the accessible entrance as practicable and shall have a clear floor area of 30 inches by 48 inches.  Such space shall adjoin, and may overlap, an access path.  Not more than 6 inches of the required clear floor space may be accommodated for footrests under another seat provided there is a minimum of 9 inches from the floor to the lowest part of the seat overhanging the space.  Securement areas may have fold-down seats to accommodate other passengers when a wheelchair or mobility aid is not occupying the area, provided the seats, when folded up, do not obstruct the clear floor space required.  (See Fig. 2).

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices

(2) Location and size.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T402.4 Size.  Wheelchair spaces shall be 760 mm (30 inches) minimum by 1220 mm (48 inches) minimum.  If wheelchair spaces are confined on all or part of three sides, additional maneuvering space complying with T402.4.1 or T402.4.2 shall be provided.  Fold-down seats shall be permitted to occupy wheelchair spaces if the seat does not obstruct the wheelchair space when the seat is in the up position.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices

(2) Location and size.  The securement system shall be placed as near to the accessible entrance as practicable and shall have a clear floor area of 30 inches by 48 inches.  Such space shall adjoin, and may overlap, an access path.  Not more than 6 inches of the required clear floor space may be accommodated for footrests under another seat provided there is a minimum of 9 inches from the floor to the lowest part of the seat overhanging the space.  Securement areas may have fold-down seats to accommodate other passengers when a wheelchair or mobility aid is not occupying the area, provided the seats, when folded up, do not obstruct the clear floor space required.  (See Fig. 2).

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices

(2) Location and size.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T402.4.1 Front or Rear Approach.  Where the short side of the wheelchair space can be entered from the front or rear and the confined space is more than 610 mm (24 inches) deep, the wheelchair space shall be 915 mm (36 inches) minimum by 1220 mm (48 inches) minimum. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new technical requirement for additional maneuvering space where wheelchair spaces are confined on all or part of three sides based on accessibility guidelines for buildings and facilities (36 CFR Part 1191, Appendix D, 305.7.1).
T402.4.2 Side Approach.  Where the long side of the wheelchair space can be entered from the side and the confined space is more than 380 mm (15 inches) deep, the wheelchair space shall be 760 mm (30 inches) minimum by 1525 mm (60 inches) minimum. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new technical requirement for additional maneuvering space where wheelchair spaces are confined on all or part of three sides based on accessibility guidelines for buildings and facilities (36 CFR Part 1191, Appendix D, 305.7.2).

T403 Securement Systems

T403.1 General.  Securement systems, including attachments, shall comply with T403.  Securement systems shall be capable of securing wheelchairs and mobility aids that can enter and maneuver within an accessible vehicle.  Securement systems shall be automatic or easy to operate by a trained person.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices

(3) Mobility aids accommodated.  The securement system shall secure common wheelchairs and mobility aids and shall either be automatic or easily attached by a person familiar with the system and mobility aid and having average dexterity.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices

(3) Mobility aids accommodated.  [Same as above.]

Technical amendment clarifies that securement systems must secure wheelchairs and mobility aids that can enter and maneuver within an accessible vehicle.
T403.2 Design Force.  Securement systems shall comply with T403.2.1 or T403.2.2, as applicable. Introductory section.
T403.2.1 Large Vehicles.  On vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of 13,608 kg (30,000 pounds) or more, securement systems shall restrain a force in the forward longitudinal direction of up to 20 N (2,000 pounds) for each attachment or clamping mechanism, and 39 N (4,000 pounds) minimum for each wheelchair or mobility aid.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

d) Securement devices – (1) Design load.  Securement systems on vehicles with GVWRs of 30,000 pounds or above, and their attachments to such vehicles, shall restrain a force in the forward longitudinal direction of up to 2,000 pounds per securement leg or clamping mechanism and a minimum of 4,000 pounds for each mobility aid.  Securement systems on vehicles with GVWRs of up to 30,000 pounds, and their attachments to such vehicles, shall restrain a force in the forward longitudinal direction of up to 2,500 pounds per securement leg or clamping mechanism and a minimum of 5,000 pounds for each mobility aid.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices

(1) Design load.  Securement systems, and their attachments to vehicles, shall restrain a force in the forward longitudinal direction of up to 2,000 pounds (8,880 N) per securement leg or clamping mechanism and a minimum of 4,000 pounds (17,760 N) for each mobility aid.

Editorial.
T403.2.2 Small Vehicles.  On vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of less than 13,608 kg (30,000 pounds), securement systems shall restrain a force in the forward longitudinal direction of up to 24 N (2,500 pounds) for each attachment or clamping mechanism, and 49 N (5,000 pounds) minimum for each wheelchair or mobility aid.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

d) Securement devices – (1) Design load.  Securement systems on vehicles with GVWRs of 30,000 pounds or above, and their attachments to such vehicles, shall restrain a force in the forward longitudinal direction of up to 2,000 pounds per securement leg or clamping mechanism and a minimum of 4,000 pounds for each mobility aid.  Securement systems on vehicles with GVWRs of up to 30,000 pounds, and their attachments to such vehicles, shall restrain a force in the forward longitudinal direction of up to 2,500 pounds per securement leg or clamping mechanism and a minimum of 5,000 pounds for each mobility aid.

Editorial.
T403.3 Movement.  Securement systems shall limit the movement of an occupied wheelchair or mobility aid so that no part of the wheelchair or mobility aid that is in contact with the vehicle floor when initially secured in accordance with manufacturer's instructions moves more than 51 mm (2 inches) in any direction under normal vehicle operating conditions.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices

(5) Movement.  When the wheelchair or mobility aid is secured in accordance with manufacturer's instructions, the securement system shall limit the movement of an occupied wheelchair or mobility aid to no more than 2 inches in any direction under normal vehicle operating conditions.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices

(5) Movement.  [Same as above.]

Technical amendment clarifies limitation on movement of secured wheelchairs and mobility aids.
T403.4 Orientation.  Securement systems shall be positioned so that wheelchairs and mobility aids face the front or rear of the vehicle when secured.  On vehicles more than 6.7 m (22 feet) in length, at least one securement system shall be positioned so that wheelchairs and mobility aids face the front of the vehicle when secured.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices – (4) Orientation.  In vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length, at least one securement device or system required by paragraph (a) of this section shall secure the wheelchair or mobility aid facing toward the front of the vehicle.  In vehicles 22 feet in length or less, the required securement device may secure the wheelchair or mobility aid either facing toward the front of the vehicle or rearward.  Additional securement devices or systems shall secure the wheelchair or mobility aid facing forward or rearward.  Where the wheelchair or mobility aid is secured facing the rear of the vehicle, a padded barrier shall be provided.  The padded barrier shall extend from a height of 38 inches from the vehicle floor to a height of 56 inches from the vehicle floor with a width of 18 inches, laterally centered immediately in back of the seated individual.  Such barriers need not be solid provided equivalent protection is afforded.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices – (4) Orientation.  At least one securement device or system required by paragraph (a) of this section shall secure the wheelchair or mobility aid facing toward the front of the vehicle.  Additional securement devices or systems shall secure the wheelchair or mobility aid facing forward or rearward.  Where the wheelchair or mobility aid is secured facing the rear of the vehicle, a padded barrier shall be provided.  The padded barrier shall extend from a height of 38 inches (965 mm) from the vehicle floor to a height of 56 inches (1420 mm) from the vehicle floor with a width of 18 inches (455 mm), laterally centered immediately in back of the seated individual.  Such barriers need not be solid provided equivalent protection is afforded.

Editorial.
T403.5 Padded Head Rest.  If securement systems are positioned so that wheelchairs and mobility aids face the rear of the vehicle when secured, a padded head rest complying with T403.5 shall be provided at the back of the wheelchair space.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices – (4) Orientation.  In vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length, at least one securement device or system required by paragraph (a) of this section shall secure the wheelchair or mobility aid facing toward the front of the vehicle.  In vehicles 22 feet in length or less, the required securement device may secure the wheelchair or mobility aid either facing toward the front of the vehicle or rearward.  Additional securement devices or systems shall secure the wheelchair or mobility aid facing forward or rearward.  Where the wheelchair or mobility aid is secured facing the rear of the vehicle, a padded barrier shall be provided.  The padded barrier shall extend from a height of 38 inches from the vehicle floor to a height of 56 inches from the vehicle floor with a width of 18 inches, laterally centered immediately in back of the seated individual.  Such barriers need not be solid provided equivalent protection is afforded.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices – (4) Orientation.  At least one securement device or system required by paragraph (a) of this section shall secure the wheelchair or mobility aid facing toward the front of the vehicle.  Additional securement devices or systems shall secure the wheelchair or mobility aid facing forward or rearward.  Where the wheelchair or mobility aid is secured facing the rear of the vehicle, a padded barrier shall be provided.  The padded barrier shall extend from a height of 38 inches (965 mm) from the vehicle floor to a height of 56 inches (1420 mm) from the vehicle floor with a width of 18 inches (455 mm), laterally centered immediately in back of the seated individual.  Such barriers need not be solid provided equivalent protection is afforded.

Editorial.
T403.5.1 Width.  The padded head rest shall be 255 mm (10 inches) wide minimum, and shall be centered on the wheelchair space.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices – (4) Orientation.  In vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length, at least one securement device or system required by paragraph (a) of this section shall secure the wheelchair or mobility aid facing toward the front of the vehicle.  In vehicles 22 feet in length or less, the required securement device may secure the wheelchair or mobility aid either facing toward the front of the vehicle or rearward.  Additional securement devices or systems shall secure the wheelchair or mobility aid facing forward or rearward.  Where the wheelchair or mobility aid is secured facing the rear of the vehicle, a padded barrier shall be provided The padded barrier shall extend from a height of 38 inches from the vehicle floor to a height of 56 inches from the vehicle floor with a width of 18 inches, laterally centered immediately in back of the seated individual.  Such barriers need not be solid provided equivalent protection is afforded.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices – (4) Orientation.  At least one securement device or system required by paragraph (a) of this section shall secure the wheelchair or mobility aid facing toward the front of the vehicle.  Additional securement devices or systems shall secure the wheelchair or mobility aid facing forward or rearward.  Where the wheelchair or mobility aid is secured facing the rear of the vehicle, a padded barrier shall be provided.  The padded barrier shall extend from a height of 38 inches (965 mm) from the vehicle floor to a height of 56 inches (1420 mm) from the vehicle floor with a width of 18 inches (455 mm), laterally centered immediately in back of the seated individual.  Such barriers need not be solid provided equivalent protection is afforded.

Technical amendment reduces width of padded head rest to 255 mm (10 inches) wide minimum.
T403.5.2 Height.  The padded head rest shall extend from 965 mm (38 inches) to 1420 mm (56 inches) above the vehicle floor.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices – (4) Orientation.  In vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length, at least one securement device or system required by paragraph (a) of this section shall secure the wheelchair or mobility aid facing toward the front of the vehicle.  In vehicles 22 feet in length or less, the required securement device may secure the wheelchair or mobility aid either facing toward the front of the vehicle or rearward.  Additional securement devices or systems shall secure the wheelchair or mobility aid facing forward or rearward.  Where the wheelchair or mobility aid is secured facing the rear of the vehicle, a padded barrier shall be provided The padded barrier shall extend from a height of 38 inches from the vehicle floor to a height of 56 inches from the vehicle floor with a width of 18 inches, laterally centered immediately in back of the seated individual.  Such barriers need not be solid provided equivalent protection is afforded.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices – (4) Orientation.  At least one securement device or system required by paragraph (a) of this section shall secure the wheelchair or mobility aid facing toward the front of the vehicle.  Additional securement devices or systems shall secure the wheelchair or mobility aid facing forward or rearward.  Where the wheelchair or mobility aid is secured facing the rear of the vehicle, a padded barrier shall be provided.  The padded barrier shall extend from a height of 38 inches (965 mm) from the vehicle floor to a height of 56 inches (1420 mm) from the vehicle floor with a width of 18 inches (455 mm), laterally centered immediately in back of the seated individual.  Such barriers need not be solid provided equivalent protection is afforded.

Editorial.
T403.5.3 Protrusion.  The plane of the face of the padded head rest shall protrude into the wheelchair space 230 mm (9 inches) minimum and 305 mm (12 inches) maximum measured from the plane of the rear wall or panel of the wheelchair space. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new technical requirement for how far the padded headrest can protrude into the wheelchair space.
T403.7 Stowage.  When securement systems are not in use, the systems shall not protrude into the wheelchair space, and shall not interfere with passenger movement or pose a hazard.  Securement systems shall be reasonably protected from vandalism, and shall be readily accessed when needed for use.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices

(6) Stowage.  When not being used for securement, or when the securement area can be used by standees, the securement system shall not interfere with passenger movement, shall not present any hazardous condition, shall be reasonably protected from vandalism, and shall be readily accessed when needed for use.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices

(6) Stowage.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T404 Seat Belts and Shoulder Belts.  Seat belts and shoulder belts provided for passengers who use wheelchairs and mobility aids shall comply with the applicable requirements of 49 CFR § 571.209 and 49 CFR § 571.210.  Seat belts and shoulder belts shall not be used in place of securement systems complying with T403 to secure wheelchairs and mobility aids to vehicles.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices

(7) Seat belt and shoulder harness.  For each wheelchair or mobility aid securement device provided, a passenger seat belt and shoulder harness, complying with all applicable provisions of 49 CFR part 571, shall also be provided for use by wheelchair or mobility aid users.  Such seat belts and shoulder harnesses shall not be used in lieu of a device which secures the wheelchair or mobility aid itself.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(d) Securement devices

(7) Seat belt and shoulder harness.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.

CHAPTER T5: CIRCULATION PATHS AND DOORWAYS ON BUSES, OVER-THE-ROAD BUSES, AND VANS

T501 General.  The technical requirements in Chapter T5 shall apply where required by Chapter T2.

Introductory section.

T502 Circulation Paths

T502.1 General.  Circulation paths connecting wheelchair spaces to doorways shall comply with T502.

Introductory section.

T502.2 Clear Width.  The clear width of circulation paths connecting wheelchair spaces to doorways shall be 865 mm (34 inches) minimum from the vehicle floor to a height 1015 mm (40 inches) minimum above the vehicle floor.  From a height 1015 mm (40 inches) minimum above the vehicle floor, the clear width of circulation paths shall be 760 mm (30 inches) minimum to the height specified in Table T502.

Table T502 Circulation Path Clear Width
Vehicle LengthMinimum Height Above 1015 mm (40 inches)
Vehicles 6.7 m (22 feet) or less 1420 mm (56 inches) above vehicle floor
Over-the-road buses 1650 mm (65 inches) above vehicle floor
Other vehicles more than 6.7 m (22 feet) 1725 mm (68 inches) above vehicle floor

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(a) General.  All vehicles covered by this subpart shall provide a level-change mechanism or boarding device (e.g., lift or ramp) complying with paragraph (b) or (c); of this section and sufficient clearances to permit a wheelchair or other mobility aid user to reach a securement location.  At least two securement locations and devices, complying with paragraph (d) of this section, shall be provided on vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length; at least one securement location and device, complying with paragraph (d) of this section, shall be provided on vehicles 22 feet in length or less.

§1192.29 Interior circulation, handrails and stanchions.

(f) For vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length, the minimum interior height along the path from the lift to the securement location shall be 68 inches.  For vehicles of 22 feet in length or less, the minimum interior height from lift to securement location shall be 56 inches.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(a)(1) General.  All vehicles covered by this subpart shall provide a level-change mechanism or boarding device (e.g., lift or ramp) complying with paragraph (b) or (c) of this section and sufficient clearances to permit a wheelchair or other mobility aid user to reach a securement location.  At least two securement locations and devices, complying with paragraph (d) of this section, shall be provided.

§1192.153 Doors, steps and thresholds.

(d) The overhead clearance between the top of the lift door opening and the sill shall be the maximum practicable but not less than 65 inches (1651 mm).

Technical amendment clarifies that the clear width of circulation paths connecting wheelchair spaces to doorways must be 865 mm (34 inches) minimum from the vehicle floor to a height 1015 mm (40 inches) above the vehicle floor, and 760 mm (30 inches) minimum from a height 1015 mm (40 inches) above the vehicle floor to the specified height.
T502.3 Features on Circulation Paths.  Features on circulation paths connecting wheelchair spaces to doorways shall be located so as to not interfere with the maneuvering of wheelchairs and mobility aids.  Stanchions located directly behind the driver seat shall terminate at the surface of aisle facing seats where provided, or shall be turned away from the circulation path below the driver seat.  Where provided on vehicles, fare collection devices shall be located as close to the dashboard as possible.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.29 Interior circulation, handrails and stanchions.

(a) Interior handrails and stanchions shall permit sufficient turning and maneuvering space for wheelchairs and other mobility aids to reach a securement location from the lift or ramp.

(e) For vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length with front-door lifts or ramps, vertical stanchions immediately behind the driver shall either terminate at the lower edge of the aisle-facing seats, if applicable, or be "dog-legged" so that the floor attachment does not impede or interfere with wheelchair footrests.  If the driver seat platform must be passed by a wheelchair or mobility aid user entering the vehicle, the platform, to the maximum extent practicable, shall not extend into the aisle or vestibule beyond the wheel housing.

§1192.33 Fare box.

Where provided, the farebox shall be located as far forward as practicable and shall not obstruct traffic in the vestibule, especially wheelchairs or mobility aids.

Editorial.

T503 Doorways 

T503.1 Doorways with Boarding Devices.  The vertical clearance at doorways with boarding devices shall be in accordance with Table T503.1 measured vertically from the top of the door opening to the vehicle floor, or to the surface of the boarding device when deployed to the vehicle floor level.

Table T503.1 Vertical Clearance at Doorways with Boarding Devices
Vehicle LengthMinimum Vertical Clearance
Vehicles 6.7 m (22 feet) or less 1420 mm (56 inches)
Over-the-road buses 1650 mm (65 inches)
Other vehicles more than 6.7 m (22 feet) 1725 mm (68 inches)

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.25 Doors, steps and thresholds.

(c) Door height.  For vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length, the overhead clearance between the top of the door opening and the raised lift platform, or highest point of a ramp, shall be a minimum of 68 inches.  For vehicles of 22 feet in length or less, the overhead clearance between the top of the door opening and the raised lift platform, or highest point of a ramp, shall be a minimum of 56 inches.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.153 Doors, steps and thresholds.

(d) The overhead clearance between the top of the lift door opening and the sill shall be the maximum practicable but not less than 65 inches (1651 mm).

Technical amendment clarifies how to measure vertical clearance at doorways.
T503.2 Doorways with Level Entry Boarding.  Doorways with level entry boarding shall comply with T503.2. Introductory section.
T503.2.1 Clear Width.  Doorways shall provide a clear opening of 810 mm (32 inches) minimum. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new technical requirement for clear width of doorways with level entry boarding.
T503.2.2 Thresholds.  Thresholds at doorways shall be marked by a strip.  The strip shall be 25 mm (1 inch) wide minimum and shall contrast visually with the rest of the circulation path surface either light-on-dark or dark-on-light. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new technical requirement for thresholds at doorways with level entry boarding.
T503.3 Doorways on Over-the-Road Buses.  On over-the road buses, doorways with steps shall provide a clear opening 760 mm (30 inches) minimum from the lowest step tread to a height 1220 mm (48 inches) above the lowest step tread.  Where compliance is not structurally feasible, the clear opening shall be permitted to be 685 mm (27 inches).  The clear opening shall be permitted to taper to 457 mm (18 inches) minimum from a height 1220 mm (48 inches) above the lowest step tread to the top of the doorway.  Hinges and other door mechanisms shall be permitted to protrude 100 mm (4 inches) maximum into the clear opening.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.153 Doors, steps and thresholds.

(c) (1) Doors shall have a minimum clear width when open of 30 inches (760 mm), measured from the lowest step to a height of at least 48 inches (1220 mm), from which point they may taper to a minimum width of 18 inches (457 mm).  The clear width may be reduced by a maximum of 4 inches (100 mm) by protrusions of hinges or other operating mechanisms.

(2) Exception.  Where compliance with the door width requirement of paragraph (c) (1) of this section is not feasible, the minimum door width shall be 27 in (685 mm).

Editorial.

T504 Steps

T504.1 General.  Steps shall comply with T504.

Introductory section.
T504.2 Surfaces.  Step tread surfaces shall comply with T802. See T802.
T504.3 Visual Contrast.  The outer edge of step treads shall be marked by a strip.  The strip shall be 25 mm (1 inch) wide minimum and shall contrast visually with the rest of the step tread or circulation path surface either light-on-dark or dark-on-light.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.25 Doors, steps and thresholds.

(b) Contrast.  All step edges, thresholds, and the boarding edge of ramps or lift platforms shall have a band of color(s) running the full width of the step or edge which contrasts from the step tread and riser, or lift or ramp surface, either light-on-dark or dark-on-light.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.153 Doors, steps and thresholds.

(b) All step edges shall have a band of color(s) running the full width of the step which contrasts from the step tread and riser, either dark-on-light or light-on-dark.

Technical amendment clarifies the contrasting strip on step tread edges must be 25 mm (1 inch) wide minimum.

T505 Handrails, Stanchions, and Handholds

T505.1 General.  Handrails, stanchions, and handholds shall comply with T505 and T804.

Introductory section.
T505.2 Doorways.  Handrails and stanchions at passenger doorways shall be configured so that passengers with disabilities can grasp the handrails and stanchions from outside the vehicle, and use the handrails and stanchions throughout the boarding and alighting process.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.29 Interior circulation, handrails and stanchions.

(b) Handrails and stanchions shall be provided in the entrance to the vehicle in a configuration which allows persons with disabilities to grasp such assists from outside the vehicle while starting to board, and to continue using such assists throughout the boarding and fare collection process.  Handrails shall have a cross-sectional diameter between 1¼ inches and 1½ inches or shall provide an equivalent grasping surface, and have eased edges with corner radii of not less than ⅛ inch.  Handrails shall be placed to provide a minimum 1½ inches knuckle clearance from the nearest adjacent surface.  Where on-board fare collection devices are used on vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length, a horizontal passenger assist shall be located across the front of the vehicle and shall prevent passengers from sustaining injuries on the fare collection device or windshield in the event of a sudden deceleration.  Without restricting the vestibule space, the assist shall provide support for a boarding passenger from the front door through the boarding procedure.  Passengers shall be able to lean against the assist for security while paying fares.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.155 Interior circulation, handrails and stanchions.

(a) [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T505.3 Fare Collection Devices.  Handrails at fare collection devices shall be configured so that passengers with disabilities can use the handrail for support when using the fare collection device.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.29 Interior circulation, handrails and stanchions.

(b) Handrails and stanchions shall be provided in the entrance to the vehicle in a configuration which allows persons with disabilities to grasp such assists from outside the vehicle while starting to board, and to continue using such assists throughout the boarding and fare collection process.  Handrails shall have a cross-sectional diameter between 1¼ inches and 1½ inches or shall provide an equivalent grasping surface, and have eased edges with corner radii of not less than ⅛ inch.  Handrails shall be placed to provide a minimum 1½ inches knuckle clearance from the nearest adjacent surface.  Where on-board fare collection devices are used on vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length, a horizontal passenger assist shall be located across the front of the vehicle and shall prevent passengers from sustaining injuries on the fare collection device or windshield in the event of a sudden deceleration.  Without restricting the vestibule space, the assist shall provide support for a boarding passenger from the front door through the boarding procedure.  Passengers shall be able to lean against the assist for security while paying fares.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.155 Interior circulation, handrails and stanchions.

(a) [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T505.4 Circulation Paths.  Handrails and stanchions along circulation paths shall be configured so that passengers with disabilities can use the handrails when moving through the vehicle.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.29 Interior circulation, handrails and stanchions.

(c) For vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length, overhead handrail(s) shall be provided which shall be continuous except for a gap at the rear doorway.

(d) Handrails and stanchions shall be sufficient to permit safe boarding, on-board circulation, seating and standing assistance, and alighting by persons with disabilities.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.155 Interior circulation, handrails and stanchions.

(b) Handrails and stanchions shall be sufficient to permit safe boarding, on-board circulation, seating and standing assistance, and alighting by persons with disabilities.

Eliminates requirement for overhead handrails.
T505.5 Seats.  Handholds and stanchions on the backs of forward and rear facing seats shall be located directly adjacent to the aisle so that passengers with disabilities can use the handholds and handrails when moving from the aisles to the seats. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new requirement for handholds and stanchions on the backs of forward and rear facing seats.  The requirement applies to vehicles more than 6.7m (22 feet) in length (T203.7).

CHAPTER T7: COMMUNICATION FEATURES

T701 General.  The technical requirements in Chapter T7 shall apply where required by Chapter T2.

Introductory section.

T702 Signs
T702.1 General.  Characters on signs shall comply with T702.

Introductory section.
T702.2 Character Proportions.  Characters shall be selected from fonts where the width of the uppercase letter "O" is 55 percent minimum and 110 percent maximum of the height of the uppercase letter "I".

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.27 Priority seating signs.

(a) Each vehicle shall contain sign(s) which indicate that seats in the front of the vehicle are priority seats for persons with disabilities, and that other passengers should make such seats available to those who wish to use them.  At least one set of forward-facing seats shall be so designated.

(b) Each securement location shall have a sign designating it as such.

(c) Characters on signs required by paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section shall have a width-to-height ratio between 3:5 and 1:1 and a stroke width-to-height ratio between 1:5 and 1:10, with a minimum character height (using an upper case "X") of ⅝ inch, with "wide" spacing (generally, the space between letters shall be 1/16 the height of upper case letters), and shall contrast with the background either light-on-dark or dark-on-light.

§1192.39 Destination and route signs.

(a) Where destination or route information is displayed on the exterior of a vehicle, each vehicle shall have illuminated signs on the front and boarding side of the vehicle.

(b) Characters on signs required by paragraph (a) of this section shall have a width-to-height ratio between 3:5 and 1:1 and a stroke width-to-height ratio between 1:5 and 1:10, with a minimum character height (using an upper case "X") of 1 inch for signs on the boarding side and a minimum character height of 2 inches for front "headsigns", with "wide" spacing (generally, the space between letters shall be 1/16 the height of upper case letters), and shall contrast with the background, either dark-on-light or light-on-dark.

Technical amendment harmonizes requirement for character proportions on signs with accessibility guidelines for buildings and facilities (36 CFR Part 1191, Appendix D, 703.5.4).

T702.3 Character Height.  Character height shall comply with Table T702.3.  Character height shall be based on the uppercase letter "I".

Table T702.3 Character Height
SignMinimum Character Height
Exterior route or destination signs on boarding side of vehicle 51 mm (2 inches)
Exterior route or destination signs on front of vehicle 100 mm (4 inches)
Interior signs designating wheelchair  spaces or priority seats, where baseline of character is 1015 mm (40 inches) to 1780 mm (70 inches) above the vehicle floor 16 mm (⅝ inch)
Interior signs designating wheelchair spaces or priority seats, where baseline of character is more than 1780 mm (70 inches) above the vehicle floor 51 mm (2 inches)

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.27 Priority seating signs.

(a) Each vehicle shall contain sign(s) which indicate that seats in the front of the vehicle are priority seats for persons with disabilities, and that other passengers should make such seats available to those who wish to use them.  At least one set of forward-facing seats shall be so designated.

(b) Each securement location shall have a sign designating it as such.

(c) Characters on signs required by paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section shall have a width-to-height ratio between 3:5 and 1:1 and a stroke width-to-height ratio between 1:5 and 1:10, with a minimum character height (using an upper case "X") of ⅝ inch, with "wide" spacing (generally, the space between letters shall be 1/16 the height of upper case letters), and shall contrast with the background either light-on-dark or dark-on-light.

§1192.39 Destination and route signs.

(a) Where destination or route information is displayed on the exterior of a vehicle, each vehicle shall have illuminated signs on the front and boarding side of the vehicle.

(b) Characters on signs required by paragraph (a) of this section shall have a width-to-height ratio between 3:5 and 1:1 and a stroke width-to-height ratio between 1:5 and 1:10, with a minimum character height (using an upper case "X") of 1 inch for signs on the boarding side and a minimum character height of 2 inches for front "headsigns", with "wide" spacing (generally, the space between letters shall be 1/16 the height of upper case letters), and shall contrast with the background, either dark-on-light or light-on-dark.

Technical amendment harmonizes requirement for character height on signs with the accessibility guidelines for buildings and facilities (36 CFR Part 1191, Appendix D, 703.5.5).
T702.4 Stroke Thickness.  Stroke thickness of the uppercase letter "I" shall be 10 percent minimum and 30 percent maximum of the height of the character.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.27 Priority seating signs.

(a) Each vehicle shall contain sign(s) which indicate that seats in the front of the vehicle are priority seats for persons with disabilities, and that other passengers should make such seats available to those who wish to use them.  At least one set of forward-facing seats shall be so designated.

(b) Each securement location shall have a sign designating it as such.

(c) Characters on signs required by paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section shall have a width-to-height ratio between 3:5 and 1:1 and a stroke width-to-height ratio between 1:5 and 1:10, with a minimum character height (using an upper case "X") of ⅝ inch, with "wide" spacing (generally, the space between letters shall be 1/16 the height of upper case letters), and shall contrast with the background either light-on-dark or dark-on-light.

§1192.39 Destination and route signs.

(a) Where destination or route information is displayed on the exterior of a vehicle, each vehicle shall have illuminated signs on the front and boarding side of the vehicle.

(b) Characters on signs required by paragraph (a) of this section shall have a width-to-height ratio between 3:5 and 1:1 and a stroke width-to-height ratio between 1:5 and 1:10, with a minimum character height (using an upper case "X") of 1 inch for signs on the boarding side and a minimum character height of 2 inches for front "headsigns", with "wide" spacing (generally, the space between letters shall be 1/16 the height of upper case letters), and shall contrast with the background, either dark-on-light or light-on-dark.

Technical amendment harmonizes requirement for stroke thickness on signs with accessibility guidelines for buildings and facilities (36 CFR Part 1191, Appendix D, 703.5.7).
T702.5 Character Spacing.  Character spacing shall be measured between the two closest points of adjacent characters, excluding word spaces.  Spacing between individual characters shall be 10 percent minimum and 35 percent maximum of character height. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new requirement for character spacing on signs that is harmonized with accessibility guidelines for buildings and facilities (36 CFR Part 1191, Appendix D, 703.5.8).
T702.6 Line Spacing.  Spacing between the baselines of separate lines of characters within a message shall be 135 percent minimum and 170 percent maximum of the character height. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new requirement for line spacing on signs that is harmonized with accessibility guidelines for buildings and facilities (36 CFR Part 1191, Appendix D, 703.5.9).
T702.7 Contrast.  Characters shall contrast with their background with either light characters on a dark background or dark characters on a light background.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.27 Priority seating signs.

(a) Each vehicle shall contain sign(s) which indicate that seats in the front of the vehicle are priority seats for persons with disabilities, and that other passengers should make such seats available to those who wish to use them.  At least one set of forward-facing seats shall be so designated.

(b) Each securement location shall have a sign designating it as such.

(c) Characters on signs required by paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section shall have a width-to-height ratio between 3:5 and 1:1 and a stroke width-to-height ratio between 1:5 and 1:10, with a minimum character height (using an upper case "X") of ⅝ inch, with "wide" spacing (generally, the space between letters shall be 1/16 the height of upper case letters), and shall contrast with the background either light-on-dark or dark-on-light.

§1192.39 Destination and route signs.

(a) Where destination or route information is displayed on the exterior of a vehicle, each vehicle shall have illuminated signs on the front and boarding side of the vehicle.

(b) Characters on signs required by paragraph (a) of this section shall have a width-to-height ratio between 3:5 and 1:1 and a stroke width-to-height ratio between 1:5 and 1:10, with a minimum character height (using an upper case "X") of 1 inch for signs on the boarding side and a minimum character height of 2 inches for front "headsigns", with "wide" spacing (generally, the space between letters shall be 1/16 the height of upper case letters), and shall contrast with the background, either dark-on-light or light-on-dark.

Editorial.
T703.  International Symbol of Accessibility.  The International Symbol of Accessibility shall comply with Figure T703.  The symbol shall have a background field height of 100 mm (4 inches) minimum.  The symbol and its background shall have a non-glare finish.  The symbol shall contrast with its background with either a light symbol on a dark background or a dark symbol on a light background. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines require wheelchair spaces (T203.3.4) and doorways that are connected by accessible circulation paths to wheelchair spaces (T203.5.4) to be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility.
T704 Automated Route Announcement Systems.  Automated route announcement systems shall provide audible announcements of the vehicle's route.  Audible announcements shall use recorded or digitized human speech, and shall be capable of being heard at boarding and alighting areas. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new technical requirement for automated route announcement systems on vehicles more than 6.7 m (22 feet) in length operated by public entities on fixed route systems that stop at designated boarding and alighting areas serving more than one route (T203.12).
T705 Automated Stop Announcement Systems.  Automated stop announcement systems shall provide audible and visible announcements of designated boarding and alighting areas on the vehicle's assigned route.  Audible announcements shall use recorded or digitized human speech.  Visible announcements shall be a sign complying with T702 at the front of the vehicle. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new technical requirement for automated stop announcement systems on vehicles more than 6.7 m (22 feet) in length operated by public entities on fixed route systems that stop at multiple designated boarding and alighting areas (T203.13).

T706 Stop Request Systems

T706.1 General.  Stop request systems shall provide audible and visible indicators when passengers request a vehicle to stop at designated boarding and alighting areas on the vehicle's assigned route.  Audible indicators shall be verbal or non-verbal signals, and shall sound only once for each stop.  Visible indicators shall be a light or sign complying with T702 at the front of the vehicle, and shall extinguish when the vehicle door opens at a stop.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.37 Stop request.

(a) Where passengers may board or alight at multiple stops at their option, vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length shall provide controls adjacent to the securement location for requesting stops and which alerts the driver that a mobility aid user wishes to disembark.  Such a system shall provide auditory and visual indications that the request has been made.

Technical amendment clarifies technical requirement for audible and visible indicators on stop request systems.
T706.2 Operation.  Stop request systems shall be operable at each wheelchair space and at priority seats for passengers with disabilities.  Operable parts shall comply with T805.  At wheelchair spaces, operable parts shall be located on a side wall or partition 610 mm (24 inches) minimum and 915 mm (36 inches) maximum from the back of the wheelchair space.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.37 Stop request.

(b) Controls required by paragraph (a) of this section shall be mounted no higher than 48 inches and no lower than 15 inches above the floor, shall be operable with one hand and shall not require tight grasping, pinching, or twisting of the wrist.  The force required to activate controls shall be no greater than 5 lbf (22.2 N).

Technical amendment clarifies location of operable parts on stop request systems.  See T805.

CHAPTER T8: OTHER FEATURES

T801 General.  The technical requirements in Chapter T8 shall apply where required by Chapter T2 or where referenced by a requirement in this document.

Introductory section.

T802 Surfaces

T802.1 General.  Surfaces shall comply with T802.

Introductory section.

Draft 2008 guidelines require surfaces on circulation paths (T203.4.1), lift platforms (T302.5.1), ramps and bridgeplates (T303.5), wheelchair spaces (T402.2), and step treads (T504.2) to comply with T802.

T802.2 Slip Resistant.  Surfaces shall be slip resistant.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(6) Platform surface.  The platform surface shall be free of any protrusions over ¼ inch high and shall be slip resistant.  The platform shall have a minimum clear width of 28½ inches at the platform, a minimum clear width of 30 inches measured from 2 inches above the platform surface to 30 inches above the platform, and a minimum clear length of 48 inches measured from 2 inches above the surface of the platform to 30 inches above the surface of the platform.  (See Fig. 1).

(c) Vehicle ramp

(2) Ramp surface.  The ramp surface shall be continuous and slip resistant; shall not have protrusions from the surface greater than ¼ inch (6.5 mm) high; shall have a clear width of 30 inches (760 mm); and shall accommodate both four-wheel and three-wheel mobility aids.

§1192.25 Doors, steps and thresholds.

(a) Slip resistance.  All aisles, steps, floor areas where people walk and floors in securement locations shall have slip-resistant surfaces.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.153 Doors, steps and thresholds.

(a) Floor surfaces on aisles, step treads and areas where wheelchair and mobility aid users are to be accommodated shall be slip-resistant.

Editorial.
T802.3 Openings.  Openings in surfaces shall not allow the passage of a sphere more than 13 mm (½ inch) diameter.  Elongated openings shall be placed so that the long dimension is perpendicular to dominant direction of travel.  Lift platforms that are folded and stowed manually, and ramps and bridgeplates that are deployed manually shall be permitted to have a cut-out in the surface 38 mm (1½ inches) maximum by 115 mm (4½ inches) maximum for the operator to grasp the surface.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(7) Platform gaps.  Any openings between the platform surface and the raised barriers shall not exceed ⅝ inch in width.  When the platform is at vehicle floor height with the inner barrier (if applicable) down or retracted, gaps between the forward lift platform edge and the vehicle floor shall not exceed ½ inch horizontally and ⅝ inch vertically.  Platforms on semi-automatic lifts may have a hand hold not exceeding 1½ inches by 4½ inches located between the edge barriers.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(7) Platform gaps.  [Same as above.]

Technical amendment harmonizes technical requirements for openings in surfaces with accessibility guidelines for buildings and facilities (36 CFR Part 1191, Appendix D, 302.3).
T802.4 Protrusions.  Protrusions on surfaces shall be permitted to be 6.4 mm (¼ inch) high maximum.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(6) Platform surface.  The platform surface shall be free of any protrusions over ¼ inch high and shall be slip resistant.  The platform shall have a minimum clear width of 28½ inches at the platform, a minimum clear width of 30 inches measured from 2 inches above the platform surface to 30 inches above the platform, and a minimum clear length of 48 inches measured from 2 inches above the surface of the platform to 30 inches above the surface of the platform.  (See Fig. 1).

(c) Vehicle ramp

(2) Ramp surface.  The ramp surface shall be continuous and slip resistant; shall not have protrusions from the surface greater than ¼ inch) high; shall have a clear width of 30 inches; and shall accommodate both four-wheel and three-wheel mobility aids.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(6) Platform surface.  [Same as above.]

Editorial for lift platform, and ramp and bridgeplate surfaces.  New for other surfaces required to comply with T802.
T802.5 Surface Discontinuities.  Surface discontinuities shall be 6.4 mm (¼ inch) high maximum without edge treatment and 13 mm (½ inch) high maximum with beveled edge treatment.  The bevel shall have a slope not steeper than 1:2 (50 percent) applied across the entire surface discontinuity.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(8) Platform entrance ramp.  The entrance ramp, or loading-edge barrier used as a ramp, shall not exceed a slope of 1:8, measured on level ground, for a maximum rise of 3 inches, and the transition from roadway or sidewalk to ramp may be vertical without edge treatment up to ¼ inch.  Thresholds between ¼ inch and ½ inch high shall be beveled with a slope no greater than 1:2.

(c) Vehicle ramp

(3) Ramp threshold.  The transition from roadway or sidewalk and the transition from vehicle floor to the ramp may be vertical without edge treatment up to ¼ inch.  Changes in level between ¼ inch and ½ inch shall be beveled with a slope no greater than 1:2.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

c) Vehicle ramp

(3) Ramp threshold.  [Same as above.]

 Technical amendment for lift platform, and ramps and bridgeplate surfaces requires bevel to be applied across the entire surface discontinuity.  New for other surfaces required to comply with T802.

T803 Doorway Lighting.  Lighting at passenger doorways shall comply with Table T803.  Lighting shall not shine directly in the eyes of passengers when entering and exiting doorways.

Table T803 Areas Illuminated and Illuminance Levels
VehiclesAreas IlluminatedIlluminance Levels

Buses

Over-the-Road Buses

Vans

Lift Platforms

When lift is raised or lowered between the vehicle floor and the boarding and alighting area or roadway, 55 lux (5 foot-candles) illuminance on all portions of the lift platform surface throughout the lift cycle

When lift is at the boarding and alighting area or roadway level, 11 lux (1 foot-candle) of illuminance on the surface of the threshold ramp

Buses

Over-the-Road Buses

Vans

Ramps

Bridgeplates

When ramp or bridgeplate is deployed to the boarding or alighting area or roadway, 22 lux (2 foot-candles) of illuminance on all portions of the ramp or bridgeplate surface

Buses

Over-the-Road Buses

Vans

Steps at doorways adjacent to the driver When doors are open, 22 lux (2 foot-candles) of illuminance on step tread surfaces

Buses

Over-the-Road Buses

Vans

Steps at doorways not adjacent to the driver At all times, 22 lux (2 foot-candles) of illuminance on step tread surfaces

Buses

Over-the-Road Buses

Vans

Boarding and alighting areas adjacent to doorways When doors are open, 11 lux (1 foot-candle) of illuminance measured at points on boarding and alighting area surfaces 915 mm (36 inches) perpendicular from the outer edge of the bottom step tread or the doorway threshold

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.31 Lighting.

(a) Any stepwell or doorway immediately adjacent to the driver shall have, when the door is open, at least 2 foot-candles of illumination measured on the step tread or lift platform.

(b) Other stepwells and doorways, including doorways in which lifts or ramps are installed, shall have, at all times, at least 2 foot-candles of illumination measured on the step tread, or lift or ramp, when deployed at the vehicle floor level.

(c) The vehicle doorways, including doorways in which lifts or ramps are installed, shall have outside light(s) which, when the door is open, provide at least 1 foot-candle of illumination on the street surface for a distance of 3 feet perpendicular to the bottom step tread or lift outer edge.  Such light(s) shall be shielded to protect the eyes of entering and exiting passengers.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.157 Lighting.

(a) Any stepwell or doorway immediately adjacent to the driver shall have, when the door is open, at least 2 foot-candles of illumination measured on the step tread.

(b) The vehicle doorway shall have outside light(s) which, when the door is open, provide at least 1 foot-candle of illumination on the pathway to the door for a distance of 3 feet (915 mm) to the bottom step tread or lift outer edge.  Such light(s) shall be shielded to protect the eyes of entering and exiting passengers.

Technical amendment harmonizes technical requirement for lighting on lift platforms with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) (49 CFR 571.404, S4.1.5).

T804 Additional Requirements for Handrails, Stanchions, and Handholds

T804.1 General.  Handrails, stanchions, and handholds shall comply with T804.

Introductory section.
T804.2 Edges.  Edges shall be rounded.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(13) Handrails.  Platforms on lifts shall be equipped with handrails on two sides, which move in tandem with the lift, and which shall be graspable and provide support to standees throughout the entire lift operation.  Handrails shall have a usable component at least 8 inches long with the lowest portion a minimum 30 inches above the platform and the highest portion a maximum 38 inches above the platform.  The handrails shall be capable of withstanding a force of 100 pounds concentrated at any point on the handrail without permanent deformation of the rail or its supporting structure.  The handrail shall have a cross-sectional diameter between 1¼ inches and 1½ inches or shall provide an equivalent grasping surface, and have eased edges with corner radii of not less than ⅛ inch.  Handrails shall be placed to provide a minimum 1½ inches knuckle clearance from the nearest adjacent surface.  Handrails shall not interfere with wheelchair or mobility aid maneuverability when entering or leaving the vehicle.

§1192.29 Interior circulation, handrails and stanchions.

(b) Handrails and stanchions shall be provided in the entrance to the vehicle in a configuration which allows persons with disabilities to grasp such assists from outside the vehicle while starting to board, and to continue using such assists throughout the boarding and fare collection process.  Handrails shall have a cross-sectional diameter between 1¼ inches and 1½ inches or shall provide an equivalent grasping surface, and have eased edges with corner radii of not less than ⅛ inch.  Handrails shall be placed to provide a minimum 1½ inches knuckle clearance from the nearest adjacent surface.  Where on-board fare collection devices are used on vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length, a horizontal passenger assist shall be located across the front of the vehicle and shall prevent passengers from sustaining injuries on the fare collection device or windshield in the event of a sudden deceleration.  Without restricting the vestibule space, the assist shall provide support for a boarding passenger from the front door through the boarding procedure.  Passengers shall be able to lean against the assist for security while paying fares.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(13) Handrails.  [Same as above.]

Technical amendment simplifies technical requirement for edges on handrails, stanchions, and handholds.
T804.3 Cross Section.  Gripping surfaces shall have a cross section complying with T804.3.1 or T804.3.2. Introductory section.
T804.3.1 Circular Cross Section.  Gripping surfaces with a circular cross section shall have an outside diameter of 32 mm (1¼ inches) minimum and 51 mm (2 inches) maximum.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(13) Handrails.  Platforms on lifts shall be equipped with handrails on two sides, which move in tandem with the lift, and which shall be graspable and provide support to standees throughout the entire lift operation.  Handrails shall have a usable component at least 8 inches long with the lowest portion a minimum 30 inches above the platform and the highest portion a maximum 38 inches above the platform.  The handrails shall be capable of withstanding a force of 100 pounds concentrated at any point on the handrail without permanent deformation of the rail or its supporting structure.  The handrail shall have a cross-sectional diameter between 1¼ inches and 1½ inches or shall provide an equivalent grasping surface, and have eased edges with corner radii of not less than ⅛ inch.  Handrails shall be placed to provide a minimum 1½ inches knuckle clearance from the nearest adjacent surface.  Handrails shall not interfere with wheelchair or mobility aid maneuverability when entering or leaving the vehicle.

§1192.29 Interior circulation, handrails and stanchions.

(b) Handrails and stanchions shall be provided in the entrance to the vehicle in a configuration which allows persons with disabilities to grasp such assists from outside the vehicle while starting to board, and to continue using such assists throughout the boarding and fare collection process.  Handrails shall have a cross-sectional diameter between 1¼ inches and 1½ inches or shall provide an equivalent grasping surface, and have eased edges with corner radii of not less than ⅛ inch.  Handrails shall be placed to provide a minimum 1½ inches knuckle clearance from the nearest adjacent surface.  Where on-board fare collection devices are used on vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length, a horizontal passenger assist shall be located across the front of the vehicle and shall prevent passengers from sustaining injuries on the fare collection device or windshield in the event of a sudden deceleration.  Without restricting the vestibule space, the assist shall provide support for a boarding passenger from the front door through the boarding procedure.  Passengers shall be able to lean against the assist for security while paying fares.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(13) Handrails.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T804.3.2 Non-Circular Cross Section.  Gripping surfaces with a non-circular cross section shall have a perimeter dimension of 100 mm (4 inches) minimum and 160 mm (6¼ inches) maximum, and a cross section dimension of 57 mm (2¼ inches) maximum.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(13) Handrails.  Platforms on lifts shall be equipped with handrails on two sides, which move in tandem with the lift, and which shall be graspable and provide support to standees throughout the entire lift operation.  Handrails shall have a usable component at least 8 inches long with the lowest portion a minimum 30 inches above the platform and the highest portion a maximum 38 inches above the platform.  The handrails shall be capable of withstanding a force of 100 pounds concentrated at any point on the handrail without permanent deformation of the rail or its supporting structure.  The handrail shall have a cross-sectional diameter between 1¼ inches and 1½ inches or shall provide an equivalent grasping surface, and have eased edges with corner radii of not less than ⅛ inch.  Handrails shall be placed to provide a minimum 1½ inches knuckle clearance from the nearest adjacent surface.  Handrails shall not interfere with wheelchair or mobility aid maneuverability when entering or leaving the vehicle.

§1192.29 Interior circulation, handrails and stanchions.

(b) Handrails and stanchions shall be provided in the entrance to the vehicle in a configuration which allows persons with disabilities to grasp such assists from outside the vehicle while starting to board, and to continue using such assists throughout the boarding and fare collection process.  Handrails shall have a cross-sectional diameter between 1¼ inches and 1½ inches or shall provide an equivalent grasping surface, and have eased edges with corner radii of not less than ⅛ inch.  Handrails shall be placed to provide a minimum 1½ inches knuckle clearance from the nearest adjacent surface.  Where on-board fare collection devices are used on vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length, a horizontal passenger assist shall be located across the front of the vehicle and shall prevent passengers from sustaining injuries on the fare collection device or windshield in the event of a sudden deceleration.  Without restricting the vestibule space, the assist shall provide support for a boarding passenger from the front door through the boarding procedure.  Passengers shall be able to lean against the assist for security while paying fares.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(13) Handrails.  [Same as above.]

Technical amendment clarifies technical requirement for equivalent gripping surface with a non-circular cross-section.  Technical amendment harmonizes the technical requirement for gripping surface with a non-circular cross-section with accessibility guidelines for buildings and facilities (36 CFR Part 1191, Appendix D, 505.7.2).
T804.4 Clearance.  Clearance between gripping surfaces and adjacent surfaces shall be 38 mm (1½ inches) minimum.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(13) Handrails.  Platforms on lifts shall be equipped with handrails on two sides, which move in tandem with the lift, and which shall be graspable and provide support to standees throughout the entire lift operation.  Handrails shall have a usable component at least 8 inches long with the lowest portion a minimum 30 inches above the platform and the highest portion a maximum 38 inches above the platform.  The handrails shall be capable of withstanding a force of 100 pounds concentrated at any point on the handrail without permanent deformation of the rail or its supporting structure.  The handrail shall have a cross-sectional diameter between 1¼ inches and 1½ inches or shall provide an equivalent grasping surface, and have eased edges with corner radii of not less than ⅛ inch.  Handrails shall be placed to provide a minimum 1½ inches knuckle clearance from the nearest adjacent surface.  Handrails shall not interfere with wheelchair or mobility aid maneuverability when entering or leaving the vehicle.

§1192.29 Interior circulation, handrails and stanchions.

(b) Handrails and stanchions shall be provided in the entrance to the vehicle in a configuration which allows persons with disabilities to grasp such assists from outside the vehicle while starting to board, and to continue using such assists throughout the boarding and fare collection process.  Handrails shall have a cross-sectional diameter between 1¼ inches and 1½ inches or shall provide an equivalent grasping surface, and have eased edges with corner radii of not less than ⅛ inch.  Handrails shall be placed to provide a minimum 1½ inches knuckle clearance from the nearest adjacent surface.  Where on-board fare collection devices are used on vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length, a horizontal passenger assist shall be located across the front of the vehicle and shall prevent passengers from sustaining injuries on the fare collection device or windshield in the event of a sudden deceleration.  Without restricting the vestibule space, the assist shall provide support for a boarding passenger from the front door through the boarding procedure.  Passengers shall be able to lean against the assist for security while paying fares.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(13) Handrails.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.
T804.5 Structural Strength.  Handrails on lift platform surfaces shall be capable of withstanding a force of 445 N (100 pounds) applied at any point on the handrail without permanent deformation of the handrail or supporting structure.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.23 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(13) Handrails.  Platforms on lifts shall be equipped with handrails on two sides, which move in tandem with the lift, and which shall be graspable and provide support to standees throughout the entire lift operation.  Handrails shall have a usable component at least 8 inches long with the lowest portion a minimum 30 inches above the platform and the highest portion a maximum 38 inches above the platform.  The handrails shall be capable of withstanding a force of 100 pounds concentrated at any point on the handrail without permanent deformation of the rail or its supporting structure.  The handrail shall have a cross-sectional diameter between 1¼ inches and 1½ inches or shall provide an equivalent grasping surface, and have eased edges with corner radii of not less than ⅛ inch.  Handrails shall be placed to provide a minimum 1½ inches knuckle clearance from the nearest adjacent surface.  Handrails shall not interfere with wheelchair or mobility aid maneuverability when entering or leaving the vehicle.

Subpart G-Over-the-Road Buses and Systems

§1192.159 Mobility aid accessibility.

(b) Vehicle lift.  –

(13) Handrails.  [Same as above.]

Editorial.

T805 Operable Parts. 

T805.1 General.  Operable parts shall comply with T805.

Introductory section.

Draft 2008 guidelines require operable parts on stop request systems (T706.2) and fare collection devices (T806) to comply with T805.

T805.2 Height.  Operable parts shall be located 380 mm (15 inches) minimum and 1220 mm (48 inches) maximum above the vehicle floor.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.37 Stop request.

(a) Where passengers may board or alight at multiple stops at their option, vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length shall provide controls adjacent to the securement location for requesting stops and which alerts the driver that a mobility aid user wishes to disembark.  Such a system shall provide auditory and visual indications that the request has been made.

(b) Controls required by paragraph (a) of this section shall be mounted no higher than 48 inches and no lower than 15 inches above the floor, shall be operable with one hand and shall not require tight grasping, pinching, or twisting of the wrist.  The force required to activate controls shall be no greater than 5 lbf (22.2 N).

Editorial for operable parts on stop request systems.
T805.3 Operation.  Operable parts shall be operable with one hand and shall not require tight grasping, pinching, or twisting of the wrist.  The force required to activate operable parts shall be 22.2 N (5 lb) maximum.

Subpart B-Buses, Vans and Systems

§1192.37 Stop request.

(a) Where passengers may board or alight at multiple stops at their option, vehicles in excess of 22 feet in length shall provide controls adjacent to the securement location for requesting stops and which alerts the driver that a mobility aid user wishes to disembark.  Such a system shall provide auditory and visual indications that the request has been made.

(b) Controls required by paragraph (a) of this section shall be mounted no higher than 48 inches and no lower than 15 inches above the floor, shall be operable with one hand and shall not require tight grasping, pinching, or twisting of the wrist.  The force required to activate controls shall be no greater than 5 lbf (22.2 N).

Editorial for operable parts on stop request systems.
T806 Fare Collection Devices.  Operable parts of fare collection devices shall comply with T805.  The operable parts shall be located so that a wheelchair or mobility aid can approach within 255 mm (10 inches) maximum. New.  Draft 2008 guidelines contain new requirement for operable parts on fare collection devices.