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201 Application

201.1 Scope. All areas of newly designed or newly constructed buildings and facilities and altered portions of existing buildings and facilities shall comply with these guidelines.
EXCEPTION: These guidelines do not apply to an establishment located within a building that contains not more than five rooms for rent or hire that is occupied by the proprietor    of such establishment as the residence of such proprietor.

201.2 Application Based on Building Use. Where a site, building, or facility contains more than one use, each portion shall comply  with the applicable requirements for that use.

201.3 Temporary Structures. These guidelines cover temporary buildings and facilities as well as permanent facilities.

202 Application to Existing Buildings and Facilities

202.1 General. Additions and alterations to  existing buildings or facilities, including qualified historic buildings  and facilities, shall comply with these guidelines except as modified by 202.

202.2 Additions. Each addition to an existing building or facility shall comply with the requirements for new construction. Each addition that affects or could affect the usability of an area containing a primary function shall  comply with 202.4.

202.3 Alterations. Where existing elements or spaces are altered, each altered element or space shall comply with    the applicable provisions of this chapter.
EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Altered elements or spaces are not required to be located on an accessible        route, unless required by 202.4.
  2. In alterations, where compliance with applicable provisions is technically        infeasible, the alteration shall provide accessibility to the maximum extent        feasible. Any elements or spaces of the building or facility that are being altered and can be made accessible shall be made accessible within the scope of the alteration.

202.3.1 Prohibited Reduction in Access. An alteration that decreases or has the effect of decreasing the accessibility of a building or facility below the requirements for new construction at the time of alteration is  prohibited.

202.3.2 Extent of Application. An alteration of an  existing element, space, or area of a building or facility shall not impose a requirement for greater accessibility than that which would be required  for new construction.

202.4 Alterations Affecting Primary Function Areas. In    addition to the requirements of 202.3 , an alteration that affects or could affect the usability of or access to an area containing a primary    function shall be made so as to ensure that, to the maximum extent feasible, the path of    travel to the altered area and the restrooms, telephones, and drinking fountains    serving the altered area, are readily accessible to and usable by    individuals with disabilities, unless such alterations are disproportionate to the    overall alterations in terms of cost and scope as determined under criteria    established by the Attorney General.
EXCEPTION: This requirement does not apply where the alteration work is    limited solely to the electrical, mechanical, or plumbing system, or to hazardous material    abatement, or automatic sprinkler retrofitting, and does not involve the alteration of any elements or spaces required to be accessible under these    guidelines.
202.5 Alterations to Qualified Historic Buildings and Facilities. Alterations to a qualified historic building or facility shall comply with 202.3 and 202.4.
EXCEPTION: Where alternative requirements are permitted in accordance with the    procedures in 202.5.1 or 202.5.2.

202.5.1 Procedures for Alterations to Qualified Historic  Buildings and Facilities Subject to Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. Where alterations are undertaken to a qualified historic building or facility that is subject to Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act, the Federal  agency with jurisdiction over the undertaking shall follow the Section 106 process. Where  the State Historic Preservation Officer or Advisory Council on Historic Preservation  determines that compliance with the requirements for accessible routes, ramps, entrances, or toilet facilities would threaten or destroy the historic  significance of the building or facility, the alternative requirements for  that element shall apply.

202.5.2 Alterations to Qualified Historic Buildings and  Facilities Not Subject to Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. Where alterations are undertaken to a qualified historic building or facility that  is not subject to section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act, and the entity  undertaking the alterations believes that compliance with the requirements for accessible routes, ramps, entrances, or toilet facilities would  threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility,  the entity shall consult with the State Historic Preservation Officer. Where the State  Historic Preservation Officer determines that compliance with the accessibility  requirements for accessible routes, ramps, entrances or toilet facilities would threaten or destroy the historical significance of the building or facility,  the alternative requirements for that element shall apply.

202.5.2.1 Consultation With Interested Persons. Interested persons shall be invited to participate in the consultation process, including  State or local accessibility officials, individuals with disabilities, and organizations  representing individuals with disabilities.

202.5.2.2 Certified Local Government Historic Preservation  Programs. Where the State Historic Preservation Officer has delegated the consultation  responsibility for purposes of this section to a local government historic preservation  program that has been certified in accordance with section 101(c) of the National Historic  Preservation Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 470a (c)) and implementing regulations (36 CFR 61.5),  the responsibility shall be permitted to be carried out by the appropriate local  government body or official.

203 General Exceptions

203.1 General. Sites, buildings, facilities and elements shall be exempt from these guidelines to the extent specified by 203.

203.2 Construction Sites. Structures, sites and  equipment directly associated with the actual processes of construction, including, but  not limited to scaffolding, bridging, materials hoists, materials storage, or construction  trailers are not required to be accessible. Portable toilet units provided for use  exclusively by construction personnel on a construction site are not required to be accessible.

203.3 Employee Work Stations. Individual employee work  stations are not required to be accessible but shall be located on an accessible  route.

203.4 Raised Areas. Raised areas used primarily for purposes  of security, life safety, or fire safety, including but not limited to observation  galleries, prison guard towers, fire towers, or life guard stands are not required to be accessible or to be served by an accessible route.

203.5 Limited Access Spaces. Spaces accessed only by  ladders, catwalks, crawl spaces, very narrow passageways, or tunnels are not required to  be accessible.

203.6 Equipment Spaces. Spaces frequented only by  service personnel for maintenance, repair, or occasional monitoring of equipment are not  required to be accessible. Such spaces include but are not limited to  elevator pits, elevator penthouses, mechanical, electrical, or communications equipment  rooms, piping or equipment catwalks, water or sewage treatment pump rooms and stations,  electric substations and transformer vaults, and highway and tunnel utility facilities.

203.7 Single Occupant Structures. Single occupant structures  accessed only by passageways below grade or elevated above grade, including but not  limited to toll booths that are accessed only by underground tunnels, are not required to  be accessible.

204 Protruding Objects

204.1 General. Protruding objects on circulation paths shall comply with 307.

205 Controls and Operating Mechanisms

205.1 General. Controls and operating mechanisms on accessible  routes and in accessible rooms and spaces shall comply with 309.

206 Accessible Routes

206.1 General. Accessible routes shall be provided in  accordance with 206.

206.2 Where Required. Accessible routes shall be  provided where required by 206.2.1 through 206.2.7 and shall comply with Chapter 4.

206.2.1 Site Arrival Points. At least one accessible    route shall be provided within the boundary of the site from public    transportation stops, accessible parking spaces, passenger loading zones, and    public streets or sidewalks, to the accessible building entrance they    serve.
EXCEPTION: In alterations to qualified historic buildings or facilities permitted by 202.5 to use alternative requirements, at    least one accessible route from a site access point to an accessible entrance shall be provided.
206.2.2 Within a Site. At least one accessible    route shall connect accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements, and accessible spaces that are on the same site.
EXCEPTION: An accessible route is not required between accessible facilities that have as the only means of access between them, a vehicular way not provided    for pedestrian access.
206.2.3 Multi-level Buildings and Facilities. At least one accessible    route shall connect each level, including mezzanines, in multi-story buildings and facilities.
EXCEPTIONS:
  1. An accessible route is not required to levels located        above or below the accessible level in buildings or facilities that        are less than three stories or that have less than 3000 square feet per story unless the building is a shopping center, a shopping mall, or the professional        office of a health care provider, or another type of facility as determined by the        Attorney General.
  2. In alterations to qualified historic buildings or facilities where        alternative requirements are permitted by 202.5 , an accessible        route from an accessible entrance to all publicly used spaces on        at least the level of the accessible entrance shall be provided.

206.2.3.1 Stairs and Escalators in Existing Buildings. In alterations and additions, where an escalator or stair is provided where  none existed previously and major structural modifications are necessary for such  installation, an accessible route shall be provided between the levels served by  the escalator or stair, unless exempted by 206.2.3.

206.2.4 Accessible Spaces and Elements. At least one accessible    route shall connect accessible building or facility entrances with all accessible spaces and elements within the building or facility which are otherwise connected by a circulation path.
EXCEPTION: An accessible route is not required between levels where    exempted by 206.2.3.
206.2.5 Restaurants and Cafeterias. In restaurants and    cafeterias, an accessible route shall be provided to all dining areas, including    raised or sunken dining areas, and outdoor seating areas.
EXCEPTIONS:
  1. In buildings without elevators, an accessible route to a mezzanine dining area is not required, provided that the mezzanine contains less than 25% of        the total area for seating and dining and the same services are provided in the accessible area.
  2. In alterations, accessibility to raised or sunken dining areas, or to all parts        of outdoor seating areas is not required provided that the same services and decor are        provided in an accessible space usable by the general public and not        restricted to use by people with disabilities.

206.2.6 Performance Areas. An accessible route shall be provided where a circulation path directly connects a performance  area to an assembly seating area. An accessible route shall be provided from  performance areas to ancillary areas or facilities used by performers. In alterations,  where it is technically infeasible to alter all performance areas to be on an accessible  route, at least one of each type of performance area shall be made accessible.

206.2.7 Raised Platforms. In banquet rooms or spaces where a head table or speaker's lectern is located on a raised platform, an accessible  route shall be provided to the platform. Open edges of the raised platform shall be  obstructed by placement of tables or provided with edge protection complying with 405.9.

206.3 Location. Accessible routes shall coincide with  or be located in the same area as a general circulation path. Where the circulation  path is interior, the accessible route shall also be interior.

206.4 Entrances. Accessible entrances shall be    provided in accordance with 206.4.1 through 206.4.6.
EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Where an alteration includes alterations to an entrance, and the building has an accessible entrance, the altered entrance is not        required to be accessible, unless required by 202.4. Signs complying with 206.4.6 shall be provided.
  2. In alterations to qualified historic buildings or facilities permitted by 202.5 to use alternative requirements, at least one accessible public entrance shall be provided. Where no public entrance can be made accessible,        then an unlocked entrance not used by the general public shall be made accessible.        The accessible entrance shall have a notification system or shall be        provided with remote monitoring. Signs complying with 206.4.6 shall be provided at the primary entrance and at the accessible entrance.

206.4.1 Parking Garage Entrances. Where direct access to a building is provided for pedestrians from an enclosed parking garage, at least one  direct entrance from the garage to the building shall be accessible.

206.4.2 Entrances from Tunnels or Elevated Walkways. Where  direct access is provided for pedestrians from a pedestrian tunnel or elevated walkway to  a building, at least one direct entrance to the building from each  tunnel or walkway shall be accessible.

206.4.3 Public Entrances. In addition to accessible entrances required by 206.4.1 and 206.4.2, at least 50 percent of all other public entrances shall be accessible. At least one accessible entrance shall be a ground floor entrance.

206.4.4 Tenant Spaces. At least one accessible entrance shall be provided to each tenancy in a facility.

206.4.5 Service Entrances. If a service entrance is  the only entrance to a building or to a tenancy in a facility, that entrance shall be accessible.

206.4.6 Signs. Where not all entrances are accessible, accessible entrances shall be identified by the  International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7 and directional signs indicating the location of the nearest accessible entrance shall be provided at inaccessible entrances. Directional signs shall comply  with 703.4. No signs are required where all entrances are accessible.

206.5 Doors and Doorways. Accessible doors and  doorways shall be provided in accordance with 206.5.1 and 206.5.2 and shall comply with  404.

206.5.1 Accessible Entrances. Each accessible entrance to a building or facility shall have at least one accessible door or  doorway.

206.5.2 Accessible Rooms and Spaces. Within a building or facility, at least one door or doorway serving each accessible room or space shall be accessible.

206.6 Elevators. New passenger elevators shall comply with 407.2 or 407.3. Where    multiple elevators are provided, each passenger elevator shall comply with 407.2 or 407.3.
EXCEPTION: Where an elevator is provided in a building or facility eligible for the exceptions to 206.2.3, the elevator    shall comply with 407.2, 407.3 or 407.4.

206.6.1 Existing Elevators. Altered elements of existing elevators shall comply with 407.5. Such elements shall also be altered in all elevators that are programmed to respond  to the same hall call control as the altered elevator and shall comply with the  requirements of 407.5.

206.7 Wheelchair (Platform) Lifts. Wheelchair (platform)  lifts shall be permitted as a component of an accessible route in new construction  as permitted by 206.7.1 through 206.7.3, and shall comply with 408.  Wheelchair (platform) lifts provided as a component of an accessible route in an  existing building shall comply with 408.

206.7.1 Performance Areas. Wheelchair (platform) lifts  shall be permitted to provide an accessible route to a performance area in an  assembly occupancy.

206.7.2 Wheelchair Spaces. Wheelchair (platform) lifts  shall be permitted to comply with the wheelchair space dispersion and line-of-sight  requirements of 221 and 802.

206.7.3 Incidental Spaces. Wheelchair (platform) lifts  shall be permitted to provide an accessible route to incidental occupiable spaces and rooms which are not open to the general public and which are occupied by five persons  maximum, including but not limited to equipment control rooms and projection booths.

207 Accessible Means of Egress

207.1 General. All accessible spaces shall be provided with not    less than one accessible means of egress. Where more than one means of egress is    required from any accessible space, each accessible portion of the space shall be served by not less than two accessible means of egress. Accessible    means of egress shall comply with 409.
EXCEPTIONS.
  1. Areas of refuge are not required in buildings or facilities protected throughout by a supervised automatic sprinkler system.
  2. Areas of refuge are not required in open parking garages.
  3. Accessible means of egress and areas of refuge are not required in alterations to existing buildings.

207.2 Elevators. In buildings where a required accessible floor is four or more stories above or below a level of exit  discharge, at least one required accessible means of egress shall be an elevator  complying with 409.3.

207.3 Signs. At exit stairways and elevators serving a  required accessible space, but not serving as an accessible means of  egress, directional signs indicating the location of accessible means of  egress shall be provided. Such signs shall comply with 703.4.

208 Parking Spaces

208.1 General. Where parking spaces are provided, accessible parking  spaces shall be provided in accordance with 208.

208.2 Number Required. Accessible parking spaces  shall be provided in accordance with Table 208.2, except as required by 208.2.1, and shall  comply with 502.

Table 208.2 Accessible Parking Spaces

Total Number of Parking SpacesMinimum Required Number of Accessible Spaces
1 to 25 1
26 to 50 2
51 to 75 3
76 to 100 4
101 to 150 5
151 to 200 6
201 to 300 7
301 to 400 8
401 to 500 9
501 to 1000 2 percent of total
1001 and over 20, plus 1 for each 100 over 1000

208.2.1 Rehabilitation Facilities and Outpatient Physical  Therapy Facilities. Twenty percent of patient and visitor parking spaces provided at  rehabilitation facilities and outpatient physical therapy facilities shall  be accessible.

208.2.2 Van Parking Spaces. For every eight or fraction of  eight accessible parking spaces required by 208.2 and 208.2.1, at least one shall  be a van parking space complying with 502.

208.3 Identification. Accessible parking spaces shall    be identified by signs complying with 502.6.
EXCEPTION: Where a total of five or less parking spaces are provided.
208.4 Location. Accessible parking spaces serving a    particular building shall be located on the shortest accessible route from    adjacent parking to an accessible entrance. In buildings with multiple accessible    entrances with adjacent parking, accessible parking spaces shall be dispersed    and located closest to the accessible entrances. In parking facilities that do not serve a particular building, accessible parking spaces shall be    located on the shortest accessible route to an accessible pedestrian entrance of the parking facility. Accessible parking spaces shall be permitted to be    located in different lots if equivalent or greater accessibility is provided in terms of    distance from an accessible entrance, cost and convenience.
EXCEPTION: All van parking spaces shall be permitted to be grouped on one level    of a parking structure.

209 Passenger Loading Zones

209.1 General. Where passenger loading zones are provided, they shall comply with 503.

209.2 Medical Facilities. A passenger loading zone shall be  provided at an accessible entrance to licensed medical and long-term care facilities where people receive physical or medical treatment or care and where the period of stay  exceeds 24 hours.

209.3 Valet Parking: Valet parking services shall provide a  passenger loading zone.

210 Stairways

210.1 General. Interior and exterior stairs that are part of a means of egress    shall comply with 504.
EXCEPTION: In alterations, interior or exterior stairs between levels that    are connected by an accessible route are not required to comply with 504.

210.2 Required Alterations. Where stair alterations are required by building and safety codes to correct unsafe conditions, the alteration shall comply with 504 unless technically infeasible or exempted by 210.1.

211 Drinking Fountains and Water Coolers

211.1 General. Where fixed drinking fountains or water coolers are provided, at  least 50%, but not less than one, of such units provided on each floor shall comply with 602.

212 Sinks

212.1 General. Where sinks are provided, at least 5%, but not less than one,    provided in accessible spaces shall comply with 606.
EXCEPTION: Mop or service sinks are not required to be accessible.

213 Toilet and Bathing Facilities

213.1 General. Where toilet or bathing facilities are provided, they  shall comply with 213. Where toilet or bathing facilities are provided on an  inaccessible level, toilet and bathing facilities shall also be provided on an accessible level.

213.2 Toilet and Bathing Rooms. Where toilet rooms are    provided, each toilet room shall comply with 603. Where    bathing rooms are provided, each bathing room shall comply with 603.
EXCEPTIONS:
  1. In alterations where it is technically infeasible to comply with 603, altering existing toilet or bathing rooms is not required        where a single unisex toilet room or bathing room complying with 213.2.1 is provided and        located in the same area and on the same floor as existing inaccessible toilet or bathing        rooms.
  2. Where alternative requirements are permitted by 202.5 in alterations to qualified historic buildings and facilities and toilet        rooms are provided, not less than one toilet room complying with 603 or a unisex room complying with 213.2.1 shall be provided.
  3. Where multiple single user portable toilet or bathing units are clustered at a single        location, at least 5%, but not less than one toilet unit or bathing unit at each cluster        shall comply with 603. Accessible units shall be        identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.
  4. Where multiple single user toilet rooms are clustered at a single location and contain        fixtures in excess of the minimum required number of plumbing fixtures, at least 5%, but        not less than one room for each use at each cluster shall comply with 603. Accessible rooms shall be identified by the        International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.

213.2.1 Unisex Toilet and Bathing Rooms. A unisex toilet  room shall comply with 603, shall contain one water closet  and one lavatory, and the door shall have a privacy latch. A unisex bathing room shall  comply with 603 and shall contain at least one shower or  bathtub.

213.2.2 Signs. Where existing toilet or bathing rooms are altered and not made accessible, directional signs indicating the location of the  nearest accessible toilet or bathing room within the facility shall be  provided. Such signs shall comply with 703.4 and  shall include the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7. Where existing toilet or bathing rooms are altered and not made accessible, the accessible toilet or bathing room shall be  identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7.

213.3 Fixtures and Accessories. Plumbing fixtures and  accessories provided in toilet or bathing rooms required to be accessible by 213.2  shall comply with 213.3.1 through 213.3.7.

213.3.1 Toilet Compartments. Where toilet compartments are  provided, at least one shall be a wheelchair accessible compartment complying with 604.8.1. Where six or more toilet compartments are  provided, an ambulatory accessible compartment complying with 604.8.2 shall be provided in addition to the compartment  complying with 604.8.1. Water closets in such  compartments shall comply with 604.

213.3.2 Water Closets. Where water closets are provided, but are not in toilet compartments, at least one shall comply with 604.

213.3.3 Urinals. Where urinals are provided, at least one shall comply with 605.

213.3.4 Lavatories. Where lavatories are provided, at least one shall comply with 606. Where only one accessible lavatory is provided, it shall not be located in a toilet compartment.

213.3.5 Mirrors. Where mirrors are provided, at least one shall comply with 603.3.

213.3.6 Controls and Dispensers. Where controls, dispensers, receptacles or other equipment is provided, at least one of each type shall comply with 309.

213.3.7 Bathing Facilities. Where bathtubs or showers are provided, at least one bathtub complying with 607 or at least one shower complying with 608 shall be provided.

214 Laundry Equipment

214.1 General. Where washing machines or clothes dryers are provided in spaces required to be accessible, at least one of each type shall comply with 611.

215 Fire Alarm Systems

215.1 General. Where fire alarm systems are provided in public-use or common-use areas to alert occupants, the alarm shall provide both audible and visual signals    complying with 702. Guest rooms required by 224 to have accessible alarms shall comply with 702.3.6.
EXCEPTION: Visual alarms complying with 702 are    not required in alterations, except where an existing fire alarm system is upgraded    or replaced, or a new fire alarm system is installed.

216 Signs

216.1 General. Signs shall be provided in accordance with 216 and shall  comply with 703.

216.2 Permanent Designations. Where exterior signs are provided as permanent designations of permanent interior rooms and spaces at  the door to the space they serve, the signs shall be tactile and  shall comply with 703.2. Where interior signs are  provided as permanent designations of permanent interior rooms and spaces, the signs shall be tactile and shall comply with 703.2.  Where pictograms are provided as permanent designations of permanent interior rooms  and spaces, the pictograms shall comply with 703.6 and shall have tactile text descriptors complying with 703.2.

216.3 Directional and Informational Signs. Signs which    provide direction to, or information about, permanent interior spaces of the site and facilities shall comply with 703.4.
EXCEPTION: Building directories, personnel names, company or occupant names and    logos, menus and temporary signs are not required to comply with 703.4.

216.4 Exit Doors. Exit doors shall be identified by tactile signs complying with 703.2.

217 Telephones

217.1 General. Where public pay telephones, public closed-circuit telephones,  or other types of public telephones are provided, accessible public telephones  shall be provided in accordance with 217 for each type of public telephone provided. For  purposes of this section, a bank of telephones shall be considered two or more adjacent  telephones.

217.2 Wheelchair Accessible Telephones. Where public  telephones are provided, wheelchair accessible telephones complying with 704.2 shall be provided in accordance with Table  217.2.

Table 217.2 Wheelchair Accessible Telephones

No. of Telephones on a Floor or LevelMinimum No. Wheelchair Accessible Telephones
1 or more single unit 1 per floor or level
1 bank 1 per floor or level
2 or more banks 1 per bank 1

Note.

  1. At least one telephone per floor shall provide a forward approach complying with 704.2.1.2 , except for exterior installations where dial tone first service is available.
217.3 Volume Controls. All wheelchair accessible telephones    required by 217.2 and 25 percent, but not less than one, of all other public telephones    provided shall have volume control complying with 704.3.    Such telephones shall be identified by signs containing pictograms of a    telephone handset with radiating sound waves complying with 703.7.
EXCEPTION: Pictograms are not required where all public telephones have    volume control.

217.4 TTYs. TTYs complying with 704.4 shall be provided in accordance with  217.4.1 through 217.4.8.

217.4.1 Bank Requirement. Where four or more public pay    telephones are provided at a bank of telephones, at least one public TTY shall be    provided at that bank.
EXCEPTION: TTYs are not required at banks of telephones located within 200    feet of, and on the same floor as, a bank containing a public TTY.

217.4.2 Floor Requirement. Where four or more public pay  telephones are provided on a floor of a building, at least one public TTY shall be provided on that floor.

217.4.3 Building Requirement. Where four or more public  pay telephones are provided in a building, at least one public TTY shall be  provided in the building.

217.4.4 Site Requirement. Where four or more public  pay telephones are provided on a site, at least one public TTY shall be  provided on the site.

217.4.5 Rest Stops, Emergency Roadstops, and Service Plazas. Where  a public pay telephone is provided at a public rest stop, emergency roadstop or service  plaza, at least one public TTY shall be provided.

217.4.6 Hospitals. Where a public pay telephone is  provided in or adjacent to a hospital emergency room, hospital recovery room, or hospital  waiting room, at least one public TTY shall be provided at each such location.

217.4.7 Transportation Facilities. Transportation facilities shall be provided with TTYs in accordance with 1003.2.6 and 1004.2 in  addition to the TTYs required by 217.4.1 through 217.4.4.

217.4.8 Signs. Public TTYs shall be identified by  the International Symbol of TTY complying with 703.7.  Directional signs indicating the location of the nearest public TTY shall be  provided at all banks of public pay telephones not containing a public TTY. Such signs shall comply with 703.4 and shall include the  International Symbol of TTY complying with 703.7.

217.5 Shelves for Portable TTYs. Where a bank of telephones  in the interior of a building consists of three or more public pay telephones, at  least one public pay telephone at the bank shall be provided with a shelf and an  electrical outlet in accordance with 704.5.

218 Transportation Facilities

218.1 General. Transportation facilities shall comply  with Chapter 10.

219 Assistive Listening Systems

219.1 General. Assistive listening systems shall be provided in accordance with  219 and shall comply with 706.

219.2 Required Systems. Assembly areas having fixed  seating shall have an assistive listening system where the area is equipped with an audio  amplification system or the area has a capacity of 50 or more persons. Other assembly  areas shall have an assistive listening system, or an adequate number of electrical  outlets or other supplementary wiring necessary to support a portable assistive listening  system.

219.3 Receivers. Receivers complying with 706.4 shall be provided for assistive  listening systems in accordance with Table 219.3. Twenty five percent of receivers, but not less than two, shall be hearing aid compatible in accordance with 706.5.

Table 219.3 Receivers for Assistive Listening Systems

Fixed Seating in Assembly Area Minimum Required Number of Receivers
50 or less 2
51 to 500 2, plus 4 for each total seating capacity increase of 100 above 51
501 to 1000 20, plus 3 for each total seating capacity increase of 100 above 501
1001 to 2000 35, plus 2 for each total seating capacity increase of 100 above 1001
over 2000 55, plus 1 for each total seating capacity increase of 100 above 2000

219.4 Signs. Where assistive listening systems are provided, signs shall be provided to inform patrons of the availability of the system. The signs shall be located at ticket offices or windows, where ticket offices or windows are  provided. The signs shall comply with 703.4 and  shall include the International Symbol of Access for Hearing Loss complying with 703.7.

220 Automatic Teller Machines and Fare Machines

220.1 General. Where automatic teller machines or self-service fare vending,  collection, or adjustment machines are provided, at least one machine of each type at each  location where such machines are provided shall comply with 707.  Where bins are provided for envelopes, waste paper, or other purposes, at least one of  each type shall comply with 905.

221 Wheelchair Spaces in Assembly Seating

221.1 General. In assembly seating areas, accessible wheelchair spaces shall be provided in accordance with 221.

221.2 Number Required. Accessible wheelchair spaces shall be  provided in accordance with Table 221.2 and shall comply with 802.

Table 221.2 Accessible Wheelchair Spaces

Assembly Area Seating Capacity Minimum Required Number of Wheelchair Spaces
50 or less 2
51 to 100 4
101 to 300 5
301 to 500 6
over 500 6, plus 1 additional space for each total seating capacity increase of 200
221.3 Wheelchair Space Clusters. Accessible    wheelchair spaces shall be grouped in wheelchair space clusters in accordance    with Table 221.3.
EXCEPTIONS:
  1. In assembly seating areas where sightlines require more than one step for a rise in        elevation between rows, the minimum required number of wheelchair space clusters in        that area shall be one-half of that required by Table 221.3.
  2. In alterations, where it is technically infeasible to disperse wheelchair        space clusters in accordance with Table 221.3, the minimum required number of wheelchair        space clusters shall be one-half of that required by Table 221.3.

Table 221.3 Wheelchair Space Clusters

Assembly Area Seating Capacity Minimum No. of Wheelchair Space Clusters
up to 300 1
301 to 600 2
601 to 900 3
901 to 1500 4
1501 to 2100 5
2101 to 3000 6
over 3000 6 plus 1 additional cluster for each 1000 seats or portion thereof.

221.4 Dispersion of Wheelchair Space Clusters.

221.4.1 General. Dispersion of wheelchair space  clusters shall be based on the availability of accessible routes to various  seating areas including seating at various levels in multi-level facilities.

221.4.2 Multi-Level Assembly Seating Areas. In multi-level    assembly seating areas, wheelchair space clusters shall be provided on the main    level and on one of each two additional levels.
EXCEPTION: In existing assembly seating areas with a mezzanine, where the    main level provides three-fourths or more of the total seating capacity, wheelchair    space clusters shall be permitted to be dispersed on the main level.

221.4.3 Separation Between Clusters. Wheelchair space  clusters shall be separated by a minimum of five intervening rows or by a minimum of ten  intervening seats. Wheelchair spaces within any one wheelchair space cluster shall not be separated by an intervening row, nor by more than two intervening seats, nor  by more than a 7-inch (180 mm) vertical level change.

222 Dressing, Fitting and Locker Rooms

222.1 General. Where dressing rooms, fitting rooms, or locker rooms are provided,    at least 5 percent, but not less than one, of each type of use in each cluster provided    shall comply with 803.
EXCEPTION: In alterations, where it is technically infeasible to    provide accessible rooms in accordance with 222.1, one room for each sex on each    level shall be accessible. Where only unisex rooms are provided, an accessible unisex room shall be permitted.

223 Medical Care Facility Patient or Resident Sleeping Rooms

223.1 General. In licensed medical and long-term care facilities where  people receive physical or medical treatment or care and where the period of stay exceeds  twenty-four hours, accessible patient or resident sleeping rooms shall be provided  in accordance with 223 and shall comply with 804.

223.1.1 Alterations. Where sleeping rooms are altered or added, the requirements of 223 shall apply only to the sleeping rooms being altered or added.

223.2 Hospitals. In general purpose hospitals, psychiatric facilities and detoxification facilities, at least 10 percent, but not less than one, of the  patient sleeping rooms shall be accessible.

223.3 Rehabilitation Facilities. In hospitals and  rehabilitation facilities that specialize in treating conditions that affect  mobility, and in units within hospitals and rehabilitation facilities which  specialize in treating conditions that affect mobility, 100 percent of the patient  sleeping rooms shall be accessible.

223.4 Long Term Care Facilities. In long term care facilities, at least 50 percent, but not less than one, of the resident sleeping rooms  shall be accessible.

224 Transient Lodging Guest Rooms

224.1 General. Transient lodging facilities shall provide guest  rooms in accordance with 224.

224.1.1 Alterations. Where guest rooms are altered or added, the requirements of 224 shall apply only to the guest rooms being altered or added.

224.1.2 Guest Room Doors and Doorways. Entrance and  passage doors and doorways into and within all guest rooms shall provide clear width  complying with 404.2.3.

224.2 Accessible Guest Rooms. In transient lodging  facilities, accessible guest rooms shall be provided in accordance with Table  224.2 and shall comply with 805.2.

Table 224.2 Accessible Guest Rooms

Total Guest Rooms Number of Accessible Rooms       W/o Roll-in Showers Number of Accessible Rooms       W/ Roll-in Showers Total Required Accessible Rooms
1 to 25 1 0 1
26 to 50 2 0 2
51 to 75 3 1 4
76 to 100 4 1 5
101 to 150 5 2 7
151 to 200 6 2 8
201 to 300 7 3 10
301 to 400 8 4 12
401 to 500 9 4 13
501 to 1000 2% of total 1% of total 3% of total
1001 and over 20 plus 1 for each 100 over 1000 10 plus 1 for each 100 over 1000 30 plus 2 for each 100 over 1000

224.3 Accessible Beds. In rooms or spaces having four  or more beds, the number of beds in the room or space required to have clear floor space complying with 805.2.3 shall comply with Table 224.3

Table 224.3 Accessible Beds

Total Beds in a Guest Room Minimum Number of Accessible Beds
4 to 25 1
26 to 50 2
51 to 75 4
76 to 100 5
101 to 150 7
151 to 200 8
201 to 300 10
301 to 400 12
401 to 500 13
501 to 1000 3% of total
1001 and over 30 plus 2 for each 100 over 1000

224.4 Communication Features. In transient lodging  facilities, guest rooms with accessible communication features shall be  provided in accordance with Table 224.4 and shall comply with 805.3.

Table 224.4 Guest Rooms with Accessible Communication Features

Total Guest Rooms Provided Minimum Guest Rooms with Accessible Communication Features
1 to 25 2
26 to 50 4
51 to 75 7
76 to 100 9
101 to 150 12
151 to 200 14
201 to 300 17
301 to 400 20
401 to 500 22
501 to 1000 5% of total
1001 and over 50 plus 3 for each 100 over 1000

224.5 Dispersion. Guest rooms required to comply with 805.2 and 805.3 shall be  dispersed among the various classes of guest rooms.

225 Self-Service Storage Facilities

225.1 General. Self-service storage facilities shall provide accessible individual self-storage spaces in accordance with Table 225.1.

Table 225.1 Accessible Self-Service Storage Facilities

Total Spaces in Facility Minimum Number of Required Accessible Spaces
1 to 200 5%, but not less than 1
201 and over 10, plus 2% of total number of units over 200

225.2 Dispersion. Accessible individual self-service  storage spaces shall be dispersed throughout the various classes of spaces provided. Where more classes of spaces are provided than the number of required accessible spaces, the number of accessible spaces shall not be  required to exceed that required by Table 225.1. Accessible spaces shall be  permitted to be dispersed in a single building of a multi-building facility.

226 Seating at Tables, Counters and Work Surfaces

226.1 General. Where seating at fixed or built-in tables, counters or work  surfaces is provided in accessible spaces, at least five percent, but not less than  one, of the seating shall comply with 902.

226.2 Dining Counters. Where food or drink is served for  consumption at counters exceeding 34 inches (865 mm) in height, a 60 inch (1525 mm)  minimum length portion of the counter shall comply with 902,  or service shall be provided at accessible tables in the same area.

226.3 Dispersion. In new construction, and where practicable  in alterations, accessible fixed or built-in seating at tables, counters or  work surfaces shall be distributed throughout the space or facility containing such elements.

227 Sales and Service Counters

227.1 General. Where sales and service counters are provided, they shall be accessible in accordance with 227.

227.2 Check-out Aisles. Where check-out aisles are provided, accessible check-out aisles shall be provided in accordance with Table 227.2. Where check-out aisles    serve different functions, at least one accessible check- out aisle shall be    provided for each function. Where check-out aisles are dispersed throughout the building or facility, accessible check-out aisles shall also be dispersed. Check-out    aisles required to be accessible shall comply with 904.3.
EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Where the area of the selling space is less than 5000 square feet (465 m2), only        one check-out aisle is required to be accessible.
  2. Where check-out aisles are altered in facilities having a selling space of 5000 square feet (465 m2) or more, at least one of each check-out aisle serving each        function shall be made accessible until the number of accessible check-out        aisles complies with 227.2.

Table 227.2 Accessible Check-out Aisles

Total Check-out Aisles of Each Function Minimum Accessible Check-out Aisles of Each Function
1-4 1
5-8 2
9-15 3
over 15 3, plus 20% of additional aisles

227.2.1 Identification. Accessible check-out aisles  shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with 703.7, unless all check-out aisles in the facility are accessible. The sign shall be above the check-out aisle in the same  location as the check-out aisle number or type of check-out identification.

227.3 Point of Sales and Service Counters. Where counters are    provided for sales or distribution of goods or services, at least one of each type    provided shall comply with 904.4. Where such counters are    dispersed throughout the building or facility, the accessible counters shall also be dispersed.
EXCEPTION: In alterations where it is technically infeasible for    existing counters to comply with 904.4, an auxiliary counter complying with 904.4 shall be provided.

227.4 Food Service Lines. Food service lines shall comply  with 904.5. Where self-service shelves are provided, at  least 50 percent, but not less than one, of each type provided shall comply with 308.

227.5 Queue and Waiting Lines. Queue and waiting lines  servicing accessible counters or check-out aisles shall comply with 403.

228 Storage

228.1 General. Where fixed or built-in storage elements such as cabinets,  shelves, medicine cabinets, closets, and drawers are provided in accessible spaces,  at least one of each type shall comply with 905.

228.2 Lockers. Where lockers are provided in accessible spaces, at least five percent, but not less than one, of each type shall comply  with 905.

228.3 Shelving and Display Units. Self-service shelves and  display units in mercantile occupancies and shelving in stack areas of libraries shall be  located on an accessible route complying with 402.  Such shelving and display units shall not be required to comply with reach range  provisions of 308.

228.4 Coat Hooks and Folding Shelves. Where coat hooks or  folding shelves are provided in inaccessible toilet rooms, toilet compartments, or in  dressing, fitting or locker rooms, at least one of each type shall be provided in accessible toilet rooms, toilet compartments and dressing, fitting and locker rooms.

228.5 Displays in Qualified Historic Buildings and Facilities. In alterations to qualified historic buildings and facilities, where  alternative requirements of 202.5 are permitted, displays  and written information shall be located where they can be seen by a seated person.  Exhibits and sign displayed horizontally shall be 44 inches (1120 mm) maximum above  the floor.

229 Vending Machines and Similar Equipment

229.1 General. In restaurants and cafeterias, spaces for vending machines and similar equipment shall comply with 304 , 305 and 308.