Chapter T2: Scoping Requirements

T201 General.  New, used, and remanufactured vehicles shall comply with the scoping requirements in Chapter T2 to the extent required by regulations in 49 CFR Part 37 issued by the Department of Transportation under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA).

T202 Reduction in Access Prohibited.  Modifications to an accessible vehicle shall not decrease or have the effect of decreasing the accessibility of the vehicle below the requirements of this document that are in effect at the time of the modification.

T203 Buses, Over-the-Road Buses, and Vans

T203.1 General.  Buses, over-the-road buses, and vans shall comply with T203.

T203.2 Accessible Boarding.  Vehicles shall provide accessible boarding in accordance with T203.2.

T203.2.1 Minimum Requirement for All Vehicles.  All vehicles shall provide in at least one doorway lifts or ramps that are capable of being deployed to all designated stops on the route to which the vehicle is assigned and to the roadway.

T203.2.1.1 Lifts.  Lifts shall comply with T302.

T203.2.1.2 Ramps.  Ramps shall comply with T303.  Ramps provided on vehicles more than 6.7 m (22 feet) in length shall be permanently installed and power operated.  Vehicles that operate only in level boarding bus systems where all the designated stops have station platforms shall be permitted to provide on board the vehicle portable ramps that are capable of being deployed to the roadway.

T203.2.2 Additional Requirements for Level Boarding Bus Systems.  Vehicles operating in level boarding bus systems shall comply with the additional requirements in T203.2.2.

T203.2.2.1 Vehicle Floor and Station Platform Coordination.  The design of the vehicles shall be coordinated with the station platforms to minimize the gap between the vehicle floor and the station platforms.

T203.2.2.2 Ramps and Bridgeplates.  Where the gap between the vehicle floor and the station platforms is greater than 51 mm (2 inches) horizontally or 16 mm (⅝ inch) vertically when measured at 50 percent passenger load with the vehicle at rest, vehicles shall provide ramps or bridgeplates that are capable of being deployed to the station platforms in accordance with T203.2.2.2.  Ramps and bridgeplates shall comply with T303, and shall be permanently installed and power operated.

Advisory T203.2.2.2 Ramps and Bridgeplates.  Ramps provided to comply with T203.2.1 can be used to comply with T203.2.2.2.  T303.8.1 requires that ramps provided to comply with T203.2.1 must have slopes not steeper than 1:6 (17 percent) when deployed at stops without station platforms and to the roadway.  T303.8.2 requires that ramps and bridgeplates provided to comply with T203.2.2.2 must have slopes not steeper than 1:8 (12.5 percent) when deployed to station platforms.  Additional advisory information on ramp and bridgeplate slopes is provided in Advisory T303.8.1.

T203.2.2.2.1 Doorways on One Side of Vehicle.  Where doorways are provided on one side of the vehicle to serve station platforms, vehicles shall provide ramps or bridgeplates in at least one doorway.

T203.2.2.2.2 Doorways on Two Sides of Vehicle.  Where doorways are provided on two sides of the vehicle to serve station platforms, vehicles shall provide ramps or bridgeplates in at least one doorway on each side of the vehicle.

Advisory T203.2.2.2.2 Doorways on Two Sides of Vehicle.  Vehicles operating in level boarding bus systems with center and side station platforms provide doorways on two sides of the vehicle to serve the station platforms.

T203.3 Wheelchair Spaces.  Vehicles shall provide wheelchair spaces complying with T402 in accordance with T203.3.

Advisory T203.3 Wheelchair Spaces.  T203.8 requires vehicles to provide securement systems at each wheelchair space.  T403.2 requires securement systems to secure wheelchairs so that the occupant faces the front or rear of the vehicle.  Side facing securement is not permitted.

T203.3.1 Large Vehicles.  Vehicles more than 6.7 m (22 feet) in length shall provide at least two wheelchair spaces.

T203.3.2 Small Vehicles.  Vehicles 6.7 m (22 feet) or less in length shall provide at least one wheelchair space.

T203.3.3 Location.  Wheelchair spaces shall be located as near as practicable to doorways that provide accessible boarding complying with T203.2.

T203.3.4 Signs.  Wheelchair spaces shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with T703.

T203.4 Circulation Paths.  Circulation paths on vehicles shall comply with T203.4.

T203.4.1 Surfaces.  All circulation path surfaces shall comply with T802.

T203.4.2 Wheelchair Spaces.  Circulation paths shall connect each wheelchair space to doorways in accordance with T203.4.2.  Circulation paths connecting wheelchair spaces to doorways shall comply with T502.

T203.4.2.1 Doorways with Boarding Devices.  On all vehicles, a circulation path shall connect each wheelchair space to a doorway with a boarding device that can be deployed to the roadway.   Where a portable ramp is permitted to be provided on board a vehicle by T203.2.1.2, a circulation path shall connect each wheelchair space to a doorway where the portable ramp can be deployed to the roadway.

T203.4.2.2 Additional Requirements for Level Boarding Bus Systems.  Vehicles operating in level boarding bus systems shall comply with the additional requirements in T203.4.2.2.

Advisory T203.4.2.2 Level Boarding Bus Systems.  Vehicles operating in level boarding bus systems must comply with T203.4.2.1 and T203.4.2.2.

T203.4.2.2.1 Doorways on One Side of Vehicle.  Where doorways are provided on one side of the vehicle to serve station platforms, a circulation path shall connect each wheelchair space to a doorway that provides accessible boarding complying with T203.2.2.

T203.4.2.2.2 Doorways on Two Sides of Vehicle.  Where doorways are provided on two sides of the vehicle to serve station platforms, a circulation path shall connect each wheelchair space to a doorway on each side of the vehicle that provides accessible boarding complying with T203.2.2.

T203.5 Doorways.  Doorways on vehicles shall comply with T203.5.

T203.5.1 Doorways with Lifts or Ramps.  Doorways with lifts or ramps shall comply with T503.1.

T203.5.2. Doorways with Level Entry Boarding.  Doorways with level entry boarding shall comply with T503.2.

T203.5.3 Doorways on Over-the-Road Buses.  On over-the-road-buses, doorways with steps shall comply with T503.3.

T203.5.4 Signs.  Doorways that provide accessible boarding complying with T203.2 shall be identified on the exterior of the vehicle by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with T703.  Where all the doorways provide accessible boarding complying with T203.2, the doorways shall not be required to be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility.

T203.5.5 Lighting.  Where lighting is provided at doorways, lighting shall comply with T803.

T203.6 Steps.  Steps on vehicles shall comply with T504.

T203.7 Handrails, Stanchions, and Handholds.  Vehicles shall provide handrails, stanchions, and handholds complying with T505 in accordance with T203.7.

T203.7.1 All Vehicles.  All vehicles shall provide handrails and stanchions at passenger doorways, at fare collection devices where provided on vehicles, and along all circulation paths.

T203.7.2 Large Vehicles.  Vehicles more than 6.7m (22 feet) in length shall provide handholds, stanchions, or handrails at forward and rear facing seats in accordance with T203.7.2.

T203.7.2.1 Non-Reclining Low-Back Seats.  Handholds or stanchions shall be provided on the back of non-reclining low-back seats.

T203.7.2.2 Reclining High-Back Seats.  Handrails shall be provided overhead or on overhead luggage racks at reclining high back seats.

T203.8 Wheelchair Securement Systems.  Vehicles shall provide wheelchair securement systems complying with T403 at each wheelchair space.

T203.9 Seat Belts and Shoulder Belts.  Vehicles shall provide seat belts and shoulder belts complying with T404 at each wheelchair space.

T203.10 Seats.  Seats on vehicles shall comply with T203.10.

T203.10.1 Priority Seats.  Vehicles operated in fixed-route systems shall designate at least two seats as priority seats for passengers with disabilities.  The priority seats shall be located as near as practicable to a doorway that is used for both boarding and alighting.  Where aisle facing seats and forward facing seats are provided, one of the priority seats shall be an aisle facing seat, and one of the priority seats shall be a forward facing seat.

T203.10.2 Signs.  Priority seats required by T203.10.1 shall be identified by signs complying with T702 that inform other passengers to make the seats available to passengers with disabilities.

T203.10.3 Aisle Seats on Over-the-Road Buses.  Where armrests are provided on the aisle side of seats on over-the-road buses, the aisle seats shall comply with T203.10.3.

T203.10.3.1 Moveable or Removable Seats.  Folding or removable armrests shall be provided on the aisle side of all moveable or removable seats at wheelchair spaces.

T203.10.3.2 Fixed Seats.  Folding or removable armrests shall be provided on the aisle side of at least 25 percent of all fixed aisle seats.

T203.11 Destination and Route Signs.  Where signs displaying destination or route information are provided on the exterior of a vehicle, the signs shall be provided on the front and boarding side of the vehicle.  The signs shall be illuminated and shall comply with T702.

T203.12 Public Address System.  Vehicles more than 6.7 m (22 feet) in length that operate in fixed route systems and stop at multiple designated stops shall provide a public address system to announce stops and provide other passenger information within the vehicle.

T203.13 Automated Stop and Route Announcements.  Public entities that operate 100 or more buses in annual maximum service in fixed route systems, as reported in the National Transit Database in accordance with 49 CFR Part 630, shall provide automated stop and route announcements complying with T704 on buses that are more than 6.7 m (22 feet) in length and operate in fixed route systems.

T203.14 Stop Request Systems.  Vehicles more than 6.7 m (22 feet) in length that operate in fixed route systems and stop at multiple designated stops on passenger request shall provide stop request systems complying with T705.

T203.15 Fare Collection Devices.  Where fare collection devices are provided on vehicles, fare collection devices shall comply with T806.