Chapter 2. Transit Agencies Affected

2.1 Eighty-Seven Transit Agencies Are Affected

The proposed change to the transportation vehicle accessibility guidelines requires transit agencies that are public entities (i.e., State or local government units) and operate 100 or more buses in annual maximum service in fixed route systems, as reported in the National Transit Database, to provide automated stop and route announcements on buses that are more than 22 feet in length and operate in fixed route systems.

Transit agencies are required to report the number of vehicles operated in annual maximum service (VOMS) to the National Transit Database.15  VOMS is the number of vehicles operated during the peak season of the year on the week and day that maximum service is provided.16  Transit agencies report both the number of VOMS directly operated by the transit agency and the number of VOMS operated by contractors.17

According to the National Transit Database, 87 transit agencies that are public entities operate 100 or more bus VOMS in fixed route systems and will be affected by the proposed change to the guidelines.  It is assumed that the number of transit agencies that operate 100 or more bus VOMS in fixed route systems will remain stable in the near future.

2.2 Seventy-Nine Transit Agencies Directly Operate Buses

Seventy-nine (79) of the affected transit agencies directly operate buses in fixed route systems.  The transit agencies and number of bus VOMS directly operated by the transit agency are listed in Table 1.

Table 1:  Transit Agencies That Directly Operate Buses in Fixed Route Systems
StateTransit AgencyBus VOMS Directly Operated i

† Indicates transit agencies that currently do not provide automated stop and route announcements.

Source:  National Transit Database Report Year 2007.

Notes:
i.  Includes motor buses and trolley buses.
ii.  RTA also reports 55 bus VOMS operated by contractors.  See Table 3.
iii.  CNYTRA operates CNY Centro, Centro of Cayuga, Centro of Oneida, and Centro of Oswego.
iv.  CTTransit operates CTTransit Hartford, CTTransit New Haven, and CTTransit Stamford.
v.  MTA operates MTA Bus Company, MTA Long Island Bus, and MTA New York City Transit.

CA Riverside Transit Agency (RTA)   76 ii
CA Central Contra Costa Transit Authority (County Connection) 106
MI Interurban Transit Partnership (The Rapid) 110
TX El Paso Mass Transit Department (Sun Metro) 110
TN Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA) 116
FL Palm Beach County (Palm Tran) 117
NM Albuquerque Transit Department (ABQ Ride) 119
WA Spokane Transit Authority (STA) 119
IN Indianapolis Public Transportation Corporation (IndyGo) 123
TX † Fort Worth Transportation Authority (The T) 123
NE † Omaha Transit Authority (MAT) 128
VA Greater Richmond Transit Company (GRTC Transit System) 136
TN Memphis Area Transit Authority (MATA) 138
CA North County Transit District (NCTD) 139
CA Omnitrans (OMNI) 145
CA Santa Monica (Big Blue Bus) 147
OH Toledo Area Regional Transit Authority (TARTA) 147
WA Snohomish County Public Transportation Benefit Area Corporation (Community Transit) 148
WA Central Puget Sound Regional Transit Authority (Sound Transit) 156
WA Pierce County Public Transportation Benefit Area Corporation (Pierce Transit) 158
CA Golden Gate Bridge, Highway and Transportation District (GGBHTD) 159
DE Delaware Transit Corporation (DART First State) 160
AZ Tucson (Sun Tran) 163
FL Hillsborough Area Regional Transit Authority (HART) 166
WI Madison Transit and Parking Commission (Metro Transit) 167
OH Greater Dayton Regional Transit Authority (GDRTA) 170
FL Pinellas Suncoast Transit Authority (PSTA) 171
CA Long Beach Transit (LBT) 179
FL Jacksonville Transportation Authority (JTA) 179
PR Metropolitan Bus Authority (MBA) 181
NY † Central New York Regional Transportation Authority (CNYRTA) iii 183
NY Capital District Transportation Authority (CDTA) 189
NY Rochester-Genesee Regional Transit Authority (R-GRTA) 189
KY † Transit Authority of River City (TARC) 190
CA Sacramento Regional Transit District (RT) 195
OH Central Ohio Transit Authority (COTA) 195
CA † San Diego Metropolitan Transit System (MTS) 200
RI Rhode Island Public Transit Authority (RIPTA) 208
TX Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority (CMTA) 212
CA San Mateo County Transit District (SamTrans) 213
MO Kansas City Area Transportation Authority (KCATA) 216
MI Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation (SMART) 230
FL Central Florida Regional Transportation Authority (LYNX) 240
FL Broward County Office of Transportation (BCT) 241
MD Montgomery County (Ride-On) 244
CA Los Angeles Department of Transportation (LADOT) 250
NC Charlotte Area Transit System (CATS) 261
VA Transportation District Commission of Hampton Roads (Hampton Roads Transit) 279
NY Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority (NFTA Metro) 286
CT † Connecticut Department of Transportation (CTTransit) iv 317
OH Southwest Ohio Regional Transit Authority (SORTA Metro) 325
MO Bi-State Development Agency (Metro) 327
CA Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA) 347
TX VIA Metropolitan Transit (VIA) 374
UT Utah Transit Authority (UTA) 384
MI Detroit Department of Transportation (DDOT) 408
WI Milwaukee County Transit System (MCTS) 421
CA Orange County Transportation Authority (OCTA) 482
IL Pace – Suburban Bus Division (PACE) 493
MD Maryland Transit Administration (MTA) 510
GA Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA) 522
OH Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority (GCRTA) 522
CA Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit) 532
OR Tri-County Metropolitan Transportation District of Oregon (TriMet) 532
CO Denver Regional Transportation District (RTD) 533
TX Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART) 559
CA San Francisco Municipal Railway (MUNI) 601
MN Metropolitan Council (Metro Transit) 740
MA Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) 790
PA Port Authority of Allegheny County (Port Authority) 813
TX Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County (Metro) 837
FL Miami-Dade Transit (Metrobus) 839
WA King County Department of Transportation (King County Metro) 1,062
PA Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) 1,171
DC Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) 1,261
NJ New Jersey Transit Corporation (NJ TRANSIT) 1,785
IL Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) 1,846
CA Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LACMTA) 2,248
NY Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA) v 5,312

2.3 Forty Transit Agencies Contract with Private Entities to Operate Buses

Forty (40) of the affected transit agencies contract with private entities to operate some or all of the buses in the fixed route systems.  The Department of Transportation regulations require a private entity that acquires vehicles to operate in a fixed route system under contract with a public entity to comply with the accessibility standards applicable to the public entity.18  The Department of Transportation regulations do not subject private entities to the requirements applicable to public entities because they receive an operating subsidy from, are regulated by, or are granted a franchise or permit to operate by a public entity.19  Thus, private entities would be affected by the proposed change to the guidelines if they acquire buses to operate in fixed route systems under contract with the transit agencies.  Private entities would not be affected by the proposed change to the guidelines if the transit agencies provide the buses to the private entities to operate, of if the private entities deploy buses from their existing fleets to operate in the fixed route systems under contract with the transit agencies.20

Eight (8) of the affected transit agencies contract with private entities to operate all the buses in their fixed route systems.  The transit agencies, contractors, and number of bus VOMS are listed in Table 2.

Table 2:  Transit Agencies That Contract with Private Entities to Operate All the Buses in Their Fixed Route Systems
StateTransit AgencyContractorBus VOMS Purchased Transportation

† Indicates transit agencies that currently do not provide automated stop and route announcements.

Source:  National Transit Database Report Year 2007 for bus VOMS purchased transportation.  Transit agency websites for contractors.  Some transit agency websites do not distinguish between contractors who operate vehicles in fixed route systems, and vehicles in demand responsive or paratransit service.  Some contractors may operate vehicles in demand responsive or paratransit service.

Notes:
  Valley Metro is funded by the Regional Public Transportation Authority and other public entities served by the transit system.  Some of the public entities also directly operate or contract with private entities to operate local circulator and shuttle services.

NY Suffolk County Transit (SCT) Suffolk Bus Corporation
Inter County Motor Coach
C.B.S. Lines
Educational Bus Transportation
Hampton Jitney
138
VA † Fairfax County (Fairfax Connector) MV Transportation 145
MA Pioneer Valley Transit Authority (PVTA) First Transit
UMassTransit Services
181
NV Regional Transportation Commission of Southern Nevada (RTC) Veolia Transportation 253
CA Foothill Transit First Transit
MV Transportation
256
NY Westchester County (Bee Line System) County Coach
Liberty Transit Lines
PTLA Enterprise
281
HI City and County of Honolulu (TheBus) Oahu Transit Services 424
AZ Valley Metro First Transit
MV Transportation
Veolia Transportation
Valu Trans
Ajo Transportation
628

The other 32 transit agencies contract with private entities to operate some of the buses in their fixed route systems.  The transit agencies, contractors, and number of bus VOMS are listed in Table 3.

Table 3:  Transit Agencies That Contract with Private Entities to Operate Some of the Buses in Their Fixed Route Systems
StateTransit AgencyContractorBus VOMS Purchased Transportation

Source:  National Transit Database Report Year 2007 for bus VOMS purchased transportation.  Transit agency websites for contractors.  Some transit agency websites do not distinguish between contractors who operate vehicles in fixed route systems, and vehicles in demand responsive or paratransit service.  Some contractors may operate vehicles in demand responsive or paratransit service.  Some transit agency websites also do not distinguish between contracts and subsidies.  Some of the private entities may receive subsidies and may not be contractors.

Notes:
a.  LACMTA provides funds to approximately 25 small public entities that operate buses independent of the LACMTA system.  These small public entities operate a total of 186 of the bus VOMS.
b.  Metropolitan Council provides funds to 6 small public entities that operate buses independent of the Metro Transit system.  Metropolitan Council also contracts with private entities to operate buses in fixed route systems.
c.  Three small public entities also operate PACE branded buses.
d.  BCT provides funds to small public entities that operate buses independent of the BCT system.
e.  MBTA provides funds to small public entities that operate buses independent of the MBTA system.  MBTA also provides subsidies to private entities that operate buses.
f.  WMATA is the project manager for a circulator service that is funded by the District of Columbia and operated by First Transit.

CO Denver Regional Transportation District (RTD) First Transit
Veolia Transportation
354
CA Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LACMTA) See Note a.
First Transit
MV Transportation
Southland Transit
Transportation Concepts
340
NJ New Jersey Transit (NJ Transit) First Transit
Veolia Transportation
Academy Bus
Community Coach
PABCO Transit
Olympia Trails
Salem County Transit
Suburban Transit
Trans-Bridge Lines
327
MN Metropolitan Council See Note b.
First Transit
Lorenz Bus Service
Robinson Bus Service
Team Transit
306
CA San Diego Metropolitan Transit System (MTS) Veolia Transportation
Southland Transit
216
TX Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County (Metro) First Transit 183
MD Maryland Transit Administration (MTA) Veolia Transportation
Dillon’s Bus Service
Eyre Bus Service
Keller Transportation
171
IL Pace – Suburban Bus Division (PACE) See Note c.
First Transit
MV Transportation
Veolia Transportation
Colonial Coach Lines / Academy Coach Lines
120
TX Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority (CMTA) First Transit
Veolia Transportation
Star Tran
Capital Rural Transportation
Services
119
MD Montgomery County (Ride-On) First Transit 93
FL Broward County Office of Transportation (BCT) See Note d. 87
CA Orange County Transportation Authority (OCTA) MV Transportation 74
WA Snohomish County Public Transportation Benefit Area Corporation (Community Transit) First Transit 72
CA San Mateo County Transit District (SamTrans) MV Transportation 66
MA Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) See Note e. 57
CA Riverside Transit Agency (RTA) Transportation Concepts 55
WA Central Puget Sound Regional Transit Authority (Sound Transit) Veolia Transportation 29
DC Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) See Note f. 24
WA King County Department of Transportation (King County Metro) MV Transportation 24
CT Connecticut Department of Transportation (CTTransit) New Britain Transportation Company
Northeast Transportation Company
DATTCO
23
CA Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA) El Paseo Limousine 21
NY Capital District Transportation Authority (CDTA) Upstate Transit of Saratoga 20
DE Delaware Transit Corporation (DART First State) Krapf Bus Companies 15
FL Palm Beach County (Palm Tran) Good Wheels 8
MI Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation (SMART) Not available 8
IN Indianapolis Public Transportation Corporation (IndyGo) Not available 7
KY Transit Authority of River City (TARC) Not available 7
NC Charlotte Area Transit System (CATS) Not available 7
CA Golden Gate Bridge, Highway and Transportation District (GGBHTD) Not available 6
FL Pinellas Suncoast Transit Authority (PSTA) Not available 4
TX Fort Worth Transportation Authority (The T) Not available 3
VA Greater Richmond Transit Company (GRTC Transit System) Not available 2

2.4 Eighty Transit Agencies Provide Automated Announcements

Eighty (80) of the affected transit agencies currently provide automated stop and route announcements.21  These transit agencies are indicated by shaded rows in Tables 1 and 2.  This information was obtained from transit agency websites, vendor websites, and other sources listed in Appendix A.  These transit agencies typically provide automated announcements as part of a broader deployment of intelligent transportation system technologies.  It is assumed that these transit agencies will continue to provide automated announcements when the transit agencies purchase, lease, or remanufacture buses in the future, regardless of whether the transit agencies directly operate the buses or contract with private entities to operate the buses.  Based on this assumption, these transit agencies will not incur any additional costs as a result of the proposed change to the accessibility guidelines.  Transit agencies are requested to comment on this assumption.  Based on the comments received, this report may be revised at the final rule stage.

Information is not available on whether any of the private entities that contract with the transit agencies listed in Tables 2 and 3 purchases, leases, or remanufacturesacquire buses to operate in fixed route systems under contract with the transit agencies. Private entities that purchase, lease, or remanufactureacquire buses to operate in fixed route systems under contract with the transit agencies listed in Tables 2 and 3 are requested to provide information on the number of buses purchased, leased, or remanufacturedacquired on an annual basis for operation under contract with the transit agencies, and whether the buses provide automated stop and route announcements. Based on the information provided, this report may be revised at the final rule stage.

2.5 Seven Transit Agencies Do Not Provide Automated Announcements

Seven (7) of the affected transit agencies listed in Table 4 do not currently provide automated announcements.

Table 4:  Transit Agencies That Do Not Provide Automated Announcements
StateTransit AgencyBus VOMS
Directly OperatedPurchased TransportationTotal
Source:  National Transit Database Report Year 2007 for bus VOMS.
TX Fort Worth Transportation Authority (The T) 123 3 126
NE Omaha Transit Authority (MAT) 128 0 128
VA Fairfax County (Fairfax Connector) 0 149 249
NY Central New York Regional Transportation Authority (CNYRTA) 183 0 183
KY Transit Authority of River City (TARC) 190 7 197
CT Connecticut Department of Transportation (CTTransit) 317 23 340
CA San Diego Metropolitan Transit System (MTS) 200 216 416