Chapter V6: Plumbing Elements and Facilities

V601 General

V601.1 Scope.  The provisions of Chapter 6 shall apply where required by Chapter 2 or where referenced by a requirement in this document.

V602 Drinking Fountains

V602.1 General.  Drinking fountains shall comply with V307 and V602.

V602.2 Clear Deck Space.  Units shall have a clear deck space complying with V305 positioned for a forward approach and centered on the unit.  Knee and toe clearance complying with V306 shall be provided.

EXCEPTION.  A parallel approach complying with V305 shall be permitted at units for children’s use where the spout is 30 inches (760 mm) maximum above the finish deck surface and is 3½ inches (90 mm) maximum from the front edge of the unit, including bumpers.

V602.3 Operable Parts.  Operable parts shall comply with V309.

V602.4 Spout Height.  Spout outlets shall be 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the finish deck surface.

V602.5 Spout Location.  The spout shall be located 15 inches (380 mm) minimum from the vertical support and 5 inches (125 mm) maximum from the front edge of the unit, including bumpers.

Ramp handrails at the top and bottom are shown to extend horizontally above the landing 12 inches (305 mm) minimum from the ramp run.  The extensions return to posts
Figure V602.5
Drinking Fountain Spout Location

V602.6 Water Flow.  The spout shall provide a flow of water 4 inches (100 mm) high minimum and shall be located 5 inches (125 mm) maximum from the front of the unit.  The angle of the water stream shall be measured horizontally relative to the front face of the unit.  Where spouts are located less than 3 inches (75 mm) of the front of the unit, the angle of the water stream shall be 30 degrees maximum.  Where spouts are located between 3 inches (75 mm) and 5 inches (125 mm) maximum from the front of the unit, the angle of the water stream shall be 15 degrees maximum.

Advisory V602.6 Water Flow.  The purpose of requiring the drinking fountain spout to produce a flow of water 4 inches (100 mm) high minimum is so that a cup can be inserted under the flow of water to provide a drink of water for an individual who, because of a disability, would otherwise be incapable of using the drinking fountain.

V602.7 Drinking Fountains for Standing Persons.  Spout outlets of drinking fountains for standing persons shall be 38 inches (965 mm) minimum and 43 inches (1090 mm) maximum above the finish deck surface.

V603 Toilet and Bathing Rooms

V603.1 General.  Toilet and bathing rooms shall comply with V603.

V603.2 Clearances.  Clearances shall comply with V603.2.

V603.2.1 Turning Space.  Turning space complying with V304 shall be provided within the room.

V603.2.2 Overlap.  Required clear deck spaces, clearance at fixtures, and turning space shall be permitted to overlap.

V603.2.3 Door Swing.  Doors shall not swing into the clear deck space or clearance required for any fixture.  Doors shall be permitted to swing into the required turning space.

EXCEPTION.  Where the toilet room or bathing room is for individual use and a clear deck space complying with V305.3 is provided within the room, beyond the arc of the door swing, doors shall be permitted to swing into the clear deck space or clearance required for any fixture.

V603.3 Mirrors.  Mirrors located above lavatories or countertops shall be installed with the bottom edge of the reflecting surface 40 inches (1015 mm) maximum above the finish deck surface.  Mirrors not located above lavatories or countertops shall be installed with the bottom edge of the reflecting surface 35 inches (890 mm) maximum above the finish deck surface.

Advisory V603.3 Mirrors.  A single full-length mirror can accommodate a greater number of people, including children.  In order for mirrors to be usable by people who are ambulatory and people who use wheelchairs, the top edge of mirrors should be 74 inches (1880 mm) minimum from the deck surface.

V603.4 Coat Hooks and Shelves.  Coat hooks shall be located within one of the reach ranges specified in V308.  Shelves shall be located 40 inches (1015 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the finish deck surface.

V604 Water Closets and Toilet Compartments (Stalls)

V604.1 General.  Water closets and toilet compartments shall comply with V604.2 through V604.8.

EXCEPTION.  Water closets and toilet compartments for children’s use shall be permitted to comply with V604.9.

V604.2 Location.  The water closet shall be positioned with a wall or partition to the rear and to one side.  The centerline of the water closet shall be 16 inches (405 mm) minimum to 18 inches (455 mm) maximum from the side wall or partition, except that the water closet shall be 17 inches (430 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) maximum from the side wall or partition in the ambulatory accessible toilet compartment specified in V604.8.2.  Water closets shall be arranged for a left-hand or right-hand approach.

Figure V604.2 Water Closet Location.  Figure (a) shows a wheelchair accessible water closet, with space on one side, and figure (b) shows an ambulatory accessible water closet, with stall walls and grab bars on both sides.  The water closet centerline is shown to be 16 to 18 inches (405 to 455 mm) from the side wall.
Figure V604.2
Water Closet Location

V604.3 Clearance.  Clearances around water closets and in toilet compartments shall comply with V604.3.

V604.3.1 Size.  Clearance around a water closet shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum measured perpendicular from the side wall and 56 inches (1420 mm) minimum measured perpendicular from the rear wall.

Advisory V604.3.1 Size.  The section specifies the size requirement for the clearance required around a water closet required to comply with this document by V213.3.1.  Other clearance requirements apply to the room and other features in the room.  For example, V603.2.1 requires the accessible toilet room to have a turning space and V404.2.4 requires accessible doors to have maneuvering clearances.  All the clearances together, even when overlapping, will produce a room size larger than the water closet clearance.

Figure V604.3.1 Clearance Around Water Closet.  The clearance around a water closet is shown in plan view to be 60 inches (1525 mm) wide minimum and 56 inches (1420 mm) deep minimum.
Figure V604.3.1
Size of Clearance at Water Closets

V604.3.2 Overlap.  The required clearance around the water closet shall be permitted to overlap the water closet, associated grab bars, dispensers, sanitary napkin disposal units, coat hooks, shelves, accessible routes, clear deck spaces and clearances required at other fixtures, and the turning space.  No other fixtures or obstructions shall be located within the required water closet clearance.

Advisory V604.3.2 Overlap.  When the door to the toilet room is placed directly in front of the water closet, the water closet cannot overlap the required maneuvering clearance for the door inside the room.  Clearances required at other fixtures (e.g., water closet and shower) may overlap.

V604.4 Seats.  The seat height of a water closet above the finish deck surface shall be 17 inches (430 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) maximum measured to the top of the seat.  Seats shall not be sprung to return to a lifted position.

V604.5 Grab Bars.  Grab bars for water closets shall comply with V609.  Grab bars shall be provided on the side wall closest to the water closet and on the rear wall.

V604.5.1 Side Wall.  The side wall grab bar shall be 42 inches (1065 mm) long minimum, located 12 inches (305 mm) maximum from the rear wall and extending 54 inches (1370 mm) minimum from the rear wall.

Elevation drawing shows the side wall grab bar to be 42 inches (1065) long minimum, located 12 inches (305 mm) maximum from the rear wall and extending 54 inches (1370 mm) minimum from the rear wall.
Figure V604.5.1
Side Wall Grab Bar at Water Closets

V604.5.2 Rear Wall.  The rear wall grab bar shall be 36 inches (915 mm) long minimum and extend from the centerline of the water closet 12 inches (305 mm) minimum on one side and 24 inches (610 mm) minimum on the other side.

EXCEPTIONS.  1.  The rear grab bar shall be permitted to be 24 inches (610 mm) long minimum, centered on the water closet, where wall space does not permit a length of 36 inches (915 mm) minimum due to the location of a recessed fixture adjacent to the water closet.

2.  Where an administrative authority requires flush controls for flush valves to be located in a position that conflicts with the location of the rear grab bar, then the rear grab bar shall be permitted to be split or shifted to the open side of the toilet area.

Elevation drawing shows the rear grab bar 36 inches (915 mm) long minimum, positioned so that 24 inches (610 mm) minimum extends toward the open transfer side and 12 inches (305 mm) minimum extends toward the side wall.
Figure V604.5.2
Rear Wall Grab Bar at Water Closets

V604.6 Flush Controls.  Flush controls shall be hand operated or automatic.  Hand operated flush controls shall comply with V309.  Flush controls shall be located on the open side of the water closet, except in compartments with vacuum flush systems and in ambulatory accessible compartments complying with V604.8.2.

Advisory V604.6 Flush Controls.  If plumbing valves are located directly behind the toilet seat, flush valves and related plumbing can cause injury or imbalance when a person leans back against them.  To prevent causing injury or imbalance, the plumbing can be located behind walls or to the side of the toilet; or provide a toilet seat lid.

V604.7 Dispensers.  Toilet paper dispensers shall comply with V309.4 and shall be 7 inches (180 mm) minimum and 9 inches (230 mm) maximum in front of the water closet measured to the centerline of the dispenser.  The outlet of the dispenser shall be 15 inches (380 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the finish deck surface and shall not be located behind grab bars.  Dispensers shall not be of a type that controls delivery or that does not allow continuous paper flow.

Advisory V604.7 Dispensers.  If toilet paper dispensers are installed above the side wall grab bar, the outlet of the toilet paper dispenser must be 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the finish deck surface and the top of the gripping surface of the grab bar must be 33 inches (840 mm) minimum and 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the finished deck surface.

Elevation drawing shows the centerline of the toilet paper dispenser to be 7 to 9 inches (180 to 230 mm) in front of the water closet.  The outlet of the dispenser is 15 inches (380 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the deck surface.
Figure V604.7
Dispenser Outlet Location

V604.8 Toilet Compartments.  Wheelchair accessible toilet compartments shall meet the requirements of V604.8.1 and V604.8.3.  Compartments containing more than one plumbing fixture shall comply with V603.  Ambulatory accessible compartments shall comply with V604.8.2 and V604.8.3.

V604.8.1 Wheelchair Accessible Compartments.  Wheelchair accessible compartments shall comply with V604.8.1.

V604.8.1.1 Size.  Wheelchair accessible compartments shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) wide minimum measured perpendicular to the side wall, and 56 inches (1420 mm) deep minimum for wall hung water closets, and 59 inches (1500 mm) deep minimum for deck surface mounted water closets measured perpendicular to the rear wall.  Wheelchair accessible compartments for children’s use shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) wide minimum measured perpendicular to the side wall, and 59 inches (1500 mm) deep minimum for wall hung and deck surface mounted water closets measured perpendicular to the rear wall.

Advisory V604.8.1.1 Size.  The minimum space required in toilet compartments is provided so that a person using a wheelchair can maneuver into position at the water closet.  This space cannot be obstructed by baby changing tables or other fixtures or conveniences, except as specified at V604.3.2 (Overlap).  If toilet compartments are to be used to house fixtures other than those associated with the water closet, they must be designed to exceed the minimum space requirements.  Convenience fixtures such as baby changing tables must also be accessible to people with disabilities as well as to other users.  Toilet compartments that are designed to meet, and not exceed, the minimum space requirements may not provide adequate space for maneuvering into position at a baby changing table.

Figure (a) is a plan view of an adult wall hung water closet.  The compartment is shown to be 60 inches (1525 mm) wide minimum and 56 inches (1420 mm) deep minimum.  Figure (b) is a plan view of an adult deck surface mounted and a children’s water closet.  The compartment is shown to be 60 inches (1525 mm) wide minimum and 59 inches (1500 mm) deep minimum.
Figure V604.8.1.1
Size of Wheelchair Accessible Toilet Compartment

V604.8.1.2 Doors.  Toilet compartment doors, including door hardware, shall comply with V404 except that if the approach is to the latch side of the compartment door, clearance between the door side of the compartment and any obstruction shall be 42 inches (1065 mm) minimum.  Doors shall be located in the front partition or in the side wall or partition farthest from the water closet.  Where located in the front partition, the door opening shall be 4 inches (100 mm) maximum from the side wall or partition farthest from the water closet.  Where located in the side wall or partition, the door opening shall be 4 inches (100 mm) maximum from the front partition.  The door shall be self-closing.  A door pull complying with V404.2.7 shall be placed on both sides of the door near the latch.  Toilet compartment doors shall not swing into the minimum required compartment area.

The compartment door is hinged 4 inches (100 mm) maximum from the side wall or partition farthest from the water closet so that the door opens on to the open transfer space.  The minimum clearance between the door side of the stall and any obstruction is 42 inches (1065 mm).
Figure V604.8.1.2
Wheelchair Accessible Toilet Compartment Doors

V604.8.1.3 Approach.  Compartments shall be arranged for left-hand or right-hand approach to the water closet.

V604.8.1.4 Toe Clearance.  The front partition and at least one side partition shall provide a toe clearance of 9 inches (230 mm) minimum above the finish deck surface and 6 inches (150 mm) deep minimum beyond the compartment-side face of the partition, exclusive of partition support members.  Compartments for children’s use shall provide a toe clearance of 12 inches (305 mm) minimum above the finish deck surface.

EXCEPTION. Toe clearance at the front partition shall not be required in a compartment greater than 62 inches (1575 mm) deep with a wall-hung water closet or 65 inches (1650 mm) deep with a deck-surface-mounted water closet.  Toe clearance at the side partition shall not be required in a compartment greater than 66 inches (1675 mm) wide.  Toe clearance at the front partition shall not be required in a compartment for children’s use that is greater than 65 inches (1650 mm) deep.

V604.8.1.5 Grab Bars.  Grab bars shall comply with V609.  A side-wall grab bar complying with V604.5.1 shall be provided and shall be located on the wall closest to the water closet.  In addition, a rear-wall grab bar complying with V604.5.2 shall be provided.

Figure (a) is an elevation drawing showing toe clearance under a toilet compartment partition.  Toe clearance is 9 inches (230 mm) high minimum and 6 inches (150 mm) deep minimum beyond the compartment-side face of the partition.  Figure (b) is an elevation drawing for a children’s toilet compartment.  Toe clearance is 12 inches (305 mm) high minimum and 6 inches (150 mm) deep minimum beyond the compartment-side face of the partition.  Figure (c) is a plan view showing toe clearance under the front partition and one side partition, 6 inches (150 mm) deep minimum.
Figure V604.8.1.4
Wheelchair Accessible Toilet Compartment Toe Clearance

V604.8.2 Ambulatory Accessible Compartments.  Ambulatory accessible compartments shall comply with V604.8.2.

V604.8.2.1 Size.  Ambulatory accessible compartments shall have a depth of 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum and a width of 35 inches (890 mm) minimum and 37 inches (940 mm) maximum.

V604.8.2.2 Doors.  Toilet compartment doors, including door hardware, shall comply with V404, except that if the approach is to the latch side of the compartment door, clearance between the door side of the compartment and any obstruction shall be 42 inches (1065 mm) minimum.  The door shall be self-closing.  A door pull complying with V404.2.7 shall be placed on both sides of the door near the latch.  Toilet compartment doors shall not swing into the minimum required compartment area.

V604.8.2.3 Grab Bars.  Grab bars shall comply with V609.  A side-wall grab bar complying with V604.5.1 shall be provided on both sides of the compartment.

The compartment is 60 inches (1525 mm) deep minimum and 35 to 37 inches (890 to 940 mm) wide, with grab bars on both sides.  The minimum clearance between the door side of the stall and any obstruction is 42 inches (1065 mm).
Figure V604.8.2
Ambulatory Accessible Toilet Compartment

V604.8.3 Coat Hooks and Shelves.  Coat hooks shall be located within one of the reach ranges specified in V308.  Shelves shall be located 40 inches (1015 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the finish deck surface.

V604.9 Water Closets and Toilet Compartments for Children’s Use.  Water closets and toilet compartments for children’s use shall comply with V604.9.

Advisory V604.9 Water Closets and Toilet Compartments for Children’s Use.  The requirements in V604.9 are to be followed where the exception for children’s water closets in V604.1 is used.  The following table provides additional guidance in applying the specifications for water closets for children according to the age group served and reflects the differences in the size, stature, and reach ranges of children ages 3 through 12.  The specifications chosen should correspond to the age of the primary user group.  The specifications of one age group should be applied consistently in the installation of a water closet and related elements.

Advisory Specifications for
Water Closets Serving Children Ages 3 through 12
 Ages 3 and 4Ages 5 through 8Ages 9 through 12
Water Closet Centerline 12 inches
(305 mm)
12 to 15 inches
(305 to 380 mm)
15 to 18 inches
(380 to 455 mm)
Toilet Seat Height 11 to 12 inches
(280 to 305 mm)
12 to 15 inches
(305 to 380 mm)
15 to 17 inches
(380 to 430 mm)
Grab Bar Height 18 to 20 inches
(455 to 510 mm)
20 to 25 inches
(510 to 635 mm)
25 to 27 inches
(635 to 685 mm)
Dispenser Height 14 inches
(355 mm)
14 to 17 inches
(355 to 430 mm)
17 to 19 inches
(430 to 485 mm)

V604.9.1 Location.  The water closet shall be located with a wall or partition to the rear and to one side.  The centerline of the water closet shall be 12 inches (305 mm) minimum and 18 inches (455 mm) maximum from the side wall or partition, except that the water closet shall be 17 inches (430 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) maximum from the side wall or partition in the ambulatory accessible toilet compartment specified in V604.8.2.  Compartments shall be arranged for left-hand or right-hand approach to the water closet.

V604.9.2 Clearance.  Clearance around a water closet shall comply with V604.3.

V604.9.3 Height.  The height of water closets shall be 11 inches (280 mm) minimum and 17 inches (430 mm) maximum measured to the top of the seat.  Seats shall not be sprung to return to a lifted position.

V604.9.4 Grab Bars.  Grab bars for water closets shall comply with V604.5.

V604.9.5 Flush Controls.  Flush controls shall be hand operated or automatic.  Hand operated flush controls shall comply with V309.2 and V309.4 and shall be installed 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the finish deck surface.  Flush controls shall be located on the open side of the water closet, except in compartments with vacuum flush systems and in ambulatory accessible compartments complying with V604.8.2.

V604.9.6 Dispensers.  Toilet paper dispensers shall comply with V309.4 and shall be 7 inches (180 mm) minimum and 9 inches (230 mm) maximum in front of the water closet measured to the centerline of the dispenser.  The outlet of the dispenser shall be 14 inches (355 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) maximum above the finish deck surface.  There shall be a clearance of 1½ inches (38 mm) minimum below the grab bar.  Dispensers shall not be of a type that controls delivery or that does not allow continuous paper flow.

V604.9.7 Toilet Compartments.  Toilet compartments shall comply with V604.8.

V605 Urinals

V605.1 General.  Urinals shall comply with V605.

Advisory V605.1 General.  Stall-type urinals provide greater accessibility for a broader range of persons, including people of short stature.

V605.2 Height and Depth.  Urinals shall be the stall-type or the wall-hung type with the rim 17 inches (430 mm) maximum above the finish deck surface.  Urinals shall be 13½ inches (345 mm) deep minimum measured from the outer face of the urinal rim to the back of the fixture.

Figure (a) is an elevation drawing of a wall hung type having the urinal rim 17 inches (430 mm) maximum above the deck surface with a minimum depth of 13½ inches (350 mm) measured from the outer face of the rim to the back of the fixture.  Figure (b) is an elevation drawing of a stall (deck surface mounted) type having a minimum depth of 13½ inches (350 mm) measured from the outer face of the rim to the back of the fixture.
Figure V605.2
Height and Depth of Urinals

V605.3 Clear Deck Space.  A clear deck space complying with V305 positioned for forward approach shall be provided.

V605.4 Flush Controls.  Flush controls shall be hand operated or automatic.  Hand operated flush controls shall comply with V309.

V606 Lavatories and Sinks

V606.1 General.  Lavatories and sinks shall comply with V606.

Advisory V606.1 General.  If soap and towel dispensers are provided, they must be located within the reach ranges specified in V308.  Locate soap and towel dispensers so that they are conveniently usable by a person at the accessible lavatory.

V606.2 Clear Deck Space.  A clear deck space complying with V305, positioned for a forward approach, and knee and toe clearance complying with V306 shall be provided.

EXCEPTIONS.  1.  A parallel approach complying with V305 shall be permitted to a galley and pantry sink in a space where a cook top or conventional range is not provided and to wet bars.

2.  A knee clearance of 24 inches (610 mm) minimum above the finish deck surface shall be permitted at lavatories and sinks used primarily by children 6 through 12 years where the rim or counter surface is 31 inches (785 mm) maximum above the finish deck surface.

3.  A parallel approach complying with V305 shall be permitted to lavatories and sinks used primarily by children 5 years and younger.

4.  The dip of the overflow shall not be considered in determining knee and toe clearances.

5.  No more than one bowl of a multi-bowl sink shall be required to provide knee and toe clearance complying with V306.

V606.3 Height.  Lavatories and sinks shall be installed with the front of the higher of the rim or counter surface 34 inches (865 mm) maximum above the finish deck surface.

V606.4 Faucets.  Controls for faucets shall comply with V309.  Hand-operated, metering faucets shall remain open for 10 seconds minimum.

V606.5 Exposed Pipes and Surfaces.  Water supply and drain pipes under lavatories and sinks shall be insulated or otherwise configured to protect against contact.  There shall be no sharp or abrasive surfaces under lavatories and sinks.

V607 Bathtubs

V607.1 General.  Bathtubs shall comply with V607.

V607.2 Clearance.  Clearance in front of bathtubs shall extend the length of the bathtub and shall be 30 inches (760 mm) wide minimum.  A lavatory complying with V606 shall be permitted at the control end of the clearance.  Where a permanent seat is provided at the head end of the bathtub, the clearance shall extend 12 inches (305 mm) minimum beyond the wall at the head end of the bathtub.

Figure (a) shows a bathtub with a removable in-tub seat.  The bathtub has clearance in front 30 inches (760 mm) wide minimum that extends the length of the tub.  Figure (b) shows a bathtub with a permanent seat at the head end (the end opposite the controls).  The tub has clearance in front 30 inches (760 mm) wide minimum that extends the length of the tub plus 12 inches (305 mm) minimum beyond the seat.  Both figures show that a lavatory can be located at the foot end of the tub clearance.
Figure V607.2
Clearance for Bathtubs

V607.3 Seat.  A permanent seat at the head end of the bathtub or a removable in-tub seat shall be provided.  Seats shall comply with V610.

V607.4 Grab Bars.  Grab bars for bathtubs shall comply with V609 and shall be provided in accordance with V607.4.1 or V607.4.2.

V607.4.1 Bathtubs With Permanent Seats.  For bathtubs with permanent seats, grab bars shall be provided in accordance with V607.4.1.

V607.4.1.1 Back Wall.  Two grab bars shall be installed on the back wall, one located in accordance with V609.4 and the other located 8 inches (205 mm) minimum and 10 inches (255 mm) maximum above the rim of the bathtub.  Each grab bar shall be installed 15 inches (380 mm) maximum from the head end wall and 12 inches (305 mm) maximum from the control end wall.

V607.4.1.2 Control End Wall.  A grab bar 24 inches (610 mm) long minimum shall be installed on the control end wall at the front edge of the bathtub.

Figure (a) shows an elevation drawing of a tub with a permanent seat and two parallel grab bars on the back wall.  The upper grab bar is mounted 33 to 36 inches (840 to 915 mm) above the finish deck surface.  The lower grab bar is mounted 8 to 10 inches (205 to 255 mm) above the tub rim.  Figure (b) is a plan view.  A grab bar on the foot end wall is 24 inches (610 mm) long minimum and is installed at the front edge of the tub.  The rear grab bars are mounted 12 inches (305 mm) maximum from the foot end wall and 15 inches (380 mm) maximum from the head end wall.
Figure V607.4.1
Grab Bars for Bathtubs with Permanent Seats

V607.4.2 Bathtubs Without Permanent Seats.  For bathtubs without permanent seats, grab bars shall comply with V607.4.2.

V607.4.2.1 Back Wall.  Two grab bars shall be installed on the back wall, one located in accordance with V609.4 and the other located 8 inches (205 mm) minimum and 10 inches (255 mm) maximum above the rim of the bathtub.  Each grab bar shall be 24 inches (610 mm) long minimum and shall be installed 24 inches (610 mm) maximum from the head end wall and 12 inches (305 mm) maximum from the control end wall.

V607.4.2.2 Control End Wall.  A grab bar 24 inches (610 mm) long minimum shall be installed on the control end wall at the front edge of the bathtub.

V607.4.2.3 Head End Wall.  A grab bar 12 inches (305 mm) long minimum shall be installed on the head end wall at the front edge of the bathtub.

Figure (a) is an elevation drawing showing rear grab bars, one mounted 33 to 36 inches (840 to 915 mm) above the finish deck surface, and one mounted 8 to 10 inches (205 to 255 mm) above the tub rim.  Figure (b) is a plan view showing a grab bar on the foot (control) end wall 24 inches (610 mm) long minimum installed at the front edge of the tub.  Rear grab bars are 24 inches (610 mm) long minimum and are mounted 12 inches (305 mm) maximum from the foot (control) end wall and 24 inches (610 mm) maximum from the head end wall.  A grab bar 12 inches (305 mm) long minimum is installed on the head end wall at the front edge of the tub.
Figure V607.4.2
Grab Bars for Bathtubs with Removable In-Tub Seats

V607.5 Controls.  Controls, other than drain stoppers, shall be located on an end wall.  Controls shall be between the bathtub rim and grab bar, and between the open side of the bathtub and the centerline of the width of the bathtub.  Controls shall comply with V309.4.

Elevation drawing shows the location of controls above the tub rim and below the grab bar and between the front edge of the tub and the tub centerline.
Figure V607.5
Bathtub Control Location

V607.6 Shower Spray Unit and Water.  A shower spray unit with a hose 59 inches (1500 mm) long minimum that can be used both as a fixed-position shower head and as a hand-held shower shall be provided.  The shower spray unit shall have an on/off control with a non-positive shut-off.  If an adjustable-height shower head on a vertical bar is used, the bar shall be installed so as not to obstruct the use of grab bars.  Bathtub shower spray units shall deliver water that is 120°F (49°C) maximum.

Advisory V607.6 Shower Spray Unit and Water.  Ensure that hand-held shower spray units are capable of delivering water pressure substantially equivalent to fixed shower heads.

V607.7 Bathtub Enclosures.  Enclosures for bathtubs shall not obstruct controls, faucets, shower and spray units, or obstruct transfer from wheelchairs onto bathtub seats or into bathtubs.  Enclosures on bathtubs shall not have tracks installed on the rim of the open face of the bathtub.

V608 Shower Compartments and Rinsing Showers

V608.1 General.  Shower compartments and rinsing showers shall comply with V608.

Advisory V608.1 General.  Shower stalls that are 60 inches (1525 mm) wide and have no curb may increase the usability of a bathroom because the shower area provides additional maneuvering space.

V608.2 Size and Clearances for Shower Compartments and Rinsing Showers.  Shower compartments and rinsing showers shall have sizes and clearances complying with V608.2.

V608.2.1 Transfer Type Shower Compartments.  Transfer type shower compartments shall be 36 inches (915 mm) by 36 inches (915 mm) clear inside dimensions measured at the center points of opposing sides and shall have a 36 inch (915 mm) wide minimum entry on the face of the shower compartment.  Clearance of 36 inches (915 mm) wide minimum by 48 inches (1220 mm) long minimum measured from the control wall shall be provided.

A transfer stall is shown in plan view to be 36 by 36 inches (915 by 915 mm).  Clear deck space in front is 36 inches (915 mm) wide minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) long minimum measured from the control wall.
Figure V608.2.1
Transfer Type Shower Compartment Size and Clearance

V608.2.2 Standard Roll-In Type Shower Compartments.  Standard roll-in type shower compartments shall be 30 inches (760 mm) wide minimum by 60 inches (1525 mm) deep minimum clear inside dimensions measured at center points of opposing sides and shall have a 60 inches (1525 mm) wide minimum entry on the face of the shower compartment.

608.2.2.1 Clearance.  A 30 inch (760 mm) wide minimum by 60 inch (1525 mm) long minimum clearance shall be provided adjacent to the open face of the shower compartment.

EXCEPTION. A lavatory complying with V606 shall be permitted on one 30 inch (760 mm) wide minimum side of the clearance if it is not on the side of the clearance adjacent to the controls or, where provided, not on the side of the clearance adjacent to the shower seat.

A plan view shows the shower compartment is 30 inches (760 mm) minimum by 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum with a 60 inch (1525 mm) wide entry on the face of the compartment.  A clear deck space 30 inches (760 mm) side is provided adjacent to the open face of the compartment.  A seat is shown on one end.  A lavatory is permitted within the clear deck space on the end opposite the seat.
Figure V608.2.2
Standard Roll-In Type Shower Compartment Size and Clearance

V608.2.3 Alternate Roll-In Type Shower Compartments.  Alternate roll-in type shower compartments shall be 36 inches (915 mm) wide and 60 inches (1525 mm) deep minimum clear inside dimensions measured at center points of opposing sides.  A 36 inch (915 mm) wide minimum entry shall be provided at one end of the long side of the compartment.

A plan view shows the shower compartment is 36 inches (915 mm) wide absolute and 60 inches (1525 mm) deep minimum.  A 36 inch (915 mm) wide minimum entry is provided on one long wall.  A seat is provided adjacent to the entry on the same wall.
Figure V608.2.3
Alternate Roll-In Type Shower Compartment Size and Clearance

V608.2.4 Rinsing Showers.  At rinsing showers, a clear deck space 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum by 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum shall be provided.  The shower head location shall be centered on one side of the clear deck space.

V608.3 Grab Bars.  Grab bars shall comply with V609 and shall be provided in accordance with V608.3.  Where multiple grab bars are used, required horizontal grab bars shall be installed at the same height above the finish deck surface.

V608.3.1 Transfer Type Shower Compartments.  In transfer type compartments, grab bars shall be provided across the control wall and back wall to a point 18 inches (455 mm) from the control wall.

Plan view shows a grab bar that extends across the control wall and the back wall to a point 18 inches (455 mm) from the control wall.
Figure V608.3.1
Grab Bars for Transfer Type Showers

V608.3.2 Standard Roll-In Type Shower Compartments.  Where a seat is provided in standard roll-in type shower compartments, grab bars shall be provided on the back wall and, if provided, on the side wall opposite the seat.  Grab bars shall not be provided above the seat.  Where a seat is not provided in standard roll-in type shower compartments, grab bars shall be provided on three walls.  Grab bars shall be installed 6 inches (150 mm) maximum from adjacent walls.

Figure (a) is a plan view of a shower without a seat.  Grab bars are provided on three walls that are 6 inches (150 mm) maximum from the adjacent wall.  Figure (b) is a plan view of a shower with a seat on one side wall.  Grab bars are provided on the opposite side wall and the back wall.  The back wall grab bar does not extend over the seat.  The grab bars are 6 inches (150 mm) maximum from the adjacent wall.
Figure V608.3.2
Grab Bars for Standard Roll-In Type Showers

V608.3.3 Alternate Roll-In Type Shower Compartments.  In alternate roll-in type shower compartments, grab bars shall be provided on the back wall and the side wall farthest from the compartment entry.  Grab bars shall not be provided above the seat.  Grab bars shall be installed 6 inches (150 mm) maximum from adjacent walls.

This figure shows an alternate roll-in shower with a seat.  A grab bar extends on the wall opposite the seat and is 6 inches (150 mm) maximum from adjacent walls.  Another grab bar is mounted on the side wall adjacent to the seat; this grab bar does not extend over the seat and is 6 inches (150 mm) maximum from the back wall.
Figure V608.3.3
Grab Bars for Alternate Roll-In Type Showers

V608.4 Seats.  A folding or non-folding seat shall be provided in transfer type shower compartments.  A folding seat shall be provided in roll-in type showers required in guest rooms with mobility features complying with V806.2.  Seats shall comply with V610.  Seats shall not be provided in rinsing showers unless the rinsing showers meet the criteria in V608 for transfer-type, standard roll-in type, or alternate roll-in type showers.

V608.5 Controls.  In shower compartments, controls, faucets, and shower spray units shall comply with V309.4 and V608.5.  In rinsing showers, controls, faucets, and shower spray units shall comply with V309.

V608.5.1 Transfer Type Shower Compartments.  In transfer type shower compartments, the controls, faucets, and shower spray unit shall be installed on the side wall opposite the seat 38 inches (965 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the shower deck surface and shall be located on the control wall 15 inches (380 mm) maximum from the centerline of the seat toward the shower opening.

The area for controls, faucets and shower spray units is located 38 inches (965 mm) minimum to 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the shower deck surface on the control wall 15 inches (380 mm) maximum from the centerline of the seat, toward the shower opening.
Figure V608.5.1
Transfer Type Shower Compartment Control Location

V608.5.2 Standard Roll-In Type Shower Compartments.  In standard roll-in type shower compartments, the controls, faucets, and shower spray unit shall be located above the grab bar, but no higher than 48 inches (1220 mm) above the shower deck surface.  Where a seat is provided, the controls, faucets, and shower spray unit shall be installed on the back wall adjacent to the seat wall and shall be located 27 inches (685 mm) maximum from the seat wall.

Advisory V608.5.2 Standard Roll-In Type Shower Compartments.  In standard roll-in type showers without seats, the shower head and operable parts can be located on any of the three walls of the shower without adversely affecting accessibility.

Figure (a) is an elevation drawing of a compartment without a seat.  The area for controls, faucets and shower spray units is located on any wall of the shower above the grab bar but no higher than 48 inches (1220 mm) above the shower deck surface.  Figure (b) is an elevation drawing of a compartment with a seat.  The area for controls, faucets and shower spray units is located on the back wall 27 inches (685 mm) from the seat wall and above the grab bar, but no higher than 48 inches (1220 mm) above the shower deck surface.
Figure V608.5.2
Standard Roll-In Type Shower Compartment Control Location

V608.5.3 Alternate Roll-In Type Shower Compartments.  In alternate roll-in type shower compartments, the controls, faucets, and shower spray unit shall be located above the grab bar, but no higher than 48 inches (1220 mm) above the shower deck surface.  Where a seat is provided, the controls, faucets, and shower spray unit shall be located on the side wall adjacent to the seat 27 inches (685 mm) maximum from the side wall behind the seat or shall be located on the back wall opposite the seat 15 inches (380 mm) maximum, left or right, of the centerline of the seat.  Where a seat is not provided, the controls, faucets, and shower spray unit shall be installed on the side wall farthest from the compartment entry.

Figure (a) is an elevation drawing of a side wall adjacent to a seat.  The area for controls, faucets and shower spray units is located on the side wall adjacent to the seat, above the grab bar but no higher than 48 inches (1220 mm) above the shower deck surface, and extending 27 inches (685 mm) maximum from the seat wall.  Figure (b) shows an alternate location on the back wall, above the grab bar but no higher than 48 inches (1220 mm) above the shower deck surface, and extending from the side wall to 15 inches (380 mm) maximum from the center line of the seat.  Figures (c) and (d) are plan views of compartments without and with a seat, respectively.
Figure V608.5.3
Alternate Roll-In Type Shower Compartment Control Location

V608.6 Shower Spray Unit and Water.  In shower compartments and rinsing showers, a shower spray unit with a hose 59 inches (1500 mm) long minimum that can be used both as a fixed-position shower head and as a hand-held shower shall be provided.  The shower spray unit shall have an on/off control with a non-positive shut-off.  If an adjustable-height shower head on a vertical bar is used, the bar shall be installed so as not to obstruct the use of grab bars.  Shower spray units shall deliver water that is 120°F (49°C) maximum.

EXCEPTION.  A fixed shower head located at 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the shower finish deck surface shall be permitted instead of a hand-held spray unit in facilities that are not medical care facilities or guest rooms.

Advisory V608.6 Shower Spray Unit and Water.  Ensure that hand-held shower spray units are capable of delivering water pressure substantially equivalent to fixed shower heads.

V608.7 Thresholds.  Thresholds in rinsing showers and roll-in type shower compartments shall be ½ inch (13 mm) high maximum in accordance with V303.  In transfer type shower compartments, thresholds ½ inch (13 mm) high maximum shall be beveled, rounded, or vertical.

EXCEPTION.  In alterations, a threshold 2 inches (51 mm) high maximum shall be permitted in transfer type shower compartments in existing vessels where provision of a ½ inch (13 mm) high threshold would disturb the structural integrity of the deck surface.

V608.8 Shower Enclosures.  Enclosures for shower compartments and rinsing showers shall not obstruct controls, faucets, shower spray units and, where provided, shower seats.

V609 Grab Bars

V609.1 General.  Grab bars in toilet facilities and bathing facilities shall comply with V609.

V609.2 Cross Section.  Grab bars shall have a cross section complying with V609.2.1 or V609.2.2.

V609.2.1 Circular Cross Section.  Grab bars with circular cross sections shall have an outside diameter of 1¼ inches (32 mm) minimum and 2 inches (51 mm) maximum.

V609.2.2 Non-Circular Cross Section.  Grab bars with non-circular cross sections shall have a cross-section dimension of 2 inches (51 mm) maximum and a perimeter dimension of 4 inches (100 mm) minimum and 4.8 inches (120 mm) maximum.

Figure (a) shows a handrail with an approximately square cross section and figure (b) shows an elliptical cross section.  The largest cross section dimension is 2 inches (51 mm) maximum.  The perimeter dimension must be 4 to 4.8 inches (100 to 120 mm).
Figure V609.2.2
Grab Bar Non-Circular Cross Section

V609.3 Spacing.  The space between the wall and the grab bar shall be 1½ inches (38 mm).  At rinsing showers, if grab bars are installed on posts, the space between the post and grab bar shall be 1½ inches (38 mm).  The space between the grab bar and projecting objects below and at the ends shall be 1½ inches (38 mm) minimum.  The space between the grab bar and projecting objects above shall be 12 inches (305 mm) minimum.

EXCEPTION.  The space between the grab bars and shower controls, shower fittings, and other grab bars above shall be permitted to be 1½ inches (38 mm) minimum.

A grab bar is shown with a projecting object mounted above and below it.  Projecting objects must be spaced 1½ inch (38 mm) minimum below and 12 inches (305 mm) minimum above the grab bar.  Recessed objects can be spaced immediately above and below.
Figure V609.3
Spacing of Grab Bars

V609.4 Position of Grab Bars.  Grab bars shall be installed in a horizontal position, 33 inches (840 mm) minimum and 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the finish deck surface measured to the top of the gripping surface, except that at water closets for children’s use complying with V604.9, grab bars shall be installed in a horizontal position 18 inches (455 mm) minimum and 27 inches (685 mm) maximum above the finish deck surface measured to the top of the gripping surface.  The height of the lower grab bar on the back wall of a bathtub shall comply with V607.4.1.1 or V607.4.2.1.

V609.5 Surface Hazards.  Grab bars and any wall or other surfaces adjacent to grab bars shall be free of sharp or abrasive elements and shall have rounded edges.

V609.6 Fittings.  Grab bars shall not rotate within their fittings.

V609.7 Installation.  Grab bars shall be installed in any manner that provides a gripping surface at the specified locations and that does not obstruct the required clear deck space.

V609.8 Structural Strength.  Allowable stresses shall not be exceeded for materials used when a vertical or horizontal force of 250 pounds (1112 N) is applied at any point on the grab bar, fastener, mounting device, or supporting structure.

V610 Seats

V610.1 General.  Seats in bathtubs and shower compartments shall comply with V610.

V610.2 Bathtub Seats.  The top of bathtub seats shall be 17 inches (430 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) maximum above the bathroom finish deck surface.  The depth of a removable in-tub seat shall be 15 inches (380 mm) minimum and 16 inches (405 mm) maximum.  The seat shall be capable of secure placement.  Permanent seats at the head end of the bathtub shall be 15 inches (380 mm) deep minimum and shall extend from the back wall to or beyond the outer edge of the bathtub.

Figure (a) shows a removable in-tub seat in elevation and plan views that is 15 to 16 inches (380 to 405 mm) deep and 17 to 19 inches (430 to 485 mm) above the deck surface measured to the top of the seat.  Figure (b) shows permanent tub seat in elevation and plan views that is 15 inches (380 mm) minimum deep and 17 to 19 inches (430 to 485 mm) above the deck surface measured to the top of the seat.
Figure V610.2
Bathtub Seats

V610.3 Shower Compartment Seats.  Where a seat is provided in a standard roll-in shower compartment, it shall be a folding type, shall be installed on the side wall adjacent to the controls, and shall extend from the back wall to a point within 3 inches (75 mm) of the compartment entry.  Where a seat is provided in an alternate roll-in type shower compartment, it shall be a folding type, shall be installed on the front wall opposite the back wall, and shall extend from the adjacent side wall to a point within 3 inches (75 mm) of the compartment entry.  In transfer type showers, the seat shall extend from the back wall to a point within 3 inches (75 mm) of the compartment entry.  The top of the seat shall be 17 inches (430 mm) minimum and 19 inches (485 mm) maximum above the bathroom finish deck surface.  Seats shall comply with V610.3.1 or V610.3.2.

Figure (a) is a plan view of a rectangular seat and figure (b) is a plan view of an L-shaped seat.  The front edge of each is 3 inches (75 mm) maximum from the compartment entry.
Figure V610.3
Extent of Seat

V610.3.1 Rectangular Seats.  The rear edge of a rectangular seat shall be 2½ inches (64 mm) maximum and the front edge 15 inches (380 mm) minimum and 16 inches (405 mm) maximum from the seat wall.  The side edge of the seat shall be 1½ inches (38 mm) maximum from the adjacent wall.

The rear edge is 2½ inches (64 mm) maximum and the front edge 15 to 16 inches (380 to 405 mm) from the seat wall.  The side edge is 1½ inches (38 mm) maximum from the back wall.
Figure V610.3.1
Rectangular Shower Seat

V610.3.2 L-Shaped Seats.  The rear edge of an L-shaped seat shall be 2½ inches (64 mm) maximum and the front edge 15 inches (380 mm) minimum and 16 inches (405 mm) maximum from the seat wall.  The rear edge of the "L" portion of the seat shall be 1½ inches (38 mm) maximum from the wall and the front edge shall be 14 inches (355 mm) minimum and 15 inches (380 mm) maximum from the wall.  The end of the "L" shall be 22 inches (560 mm) minimum and 23 inches maximum (585 mm) from the main seat wall.

Figures (a) shows the “L” is oriented with the narrower portion toward the compartment opening and the base toward the back.  The front edge of the narrow portion of the L is 15 to 16 inches (380 to 405 mm) from the seat wall and the base end is 22 to 23 inches (560 to 585 mm) from the seat wall.  The base of the L is 14 to 15 inches (355 to 380 mm) from the adjacent wall.  Figure (b) shows that the seat is 2½ inches (64 mm) maximum from the seat wall and the rear edge of the L portion is 1½ inches (38 mm) maximum from the adjacent wall.
Figure V610.3.2
L-Shaped Shower Seat

V610.4 Structural Strength.  Allowable stresses shall not be exceeded for materials used when a vertical or horizontal force of 250 pounds (1112 N) is applied at any point on the seat, fastener, mounting device, or supporting structure.

V611 Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers

V611.1 General.  Washing machines and clothes dryers shall comply with V611.

V611.2 Clear Deck Space.  A clear deck space complying with V305 positioned for parallel approach shall be provided.  The clear deck space shall be centered on the appliance.

V611.3 Operable Parts.  Operable parts, including doors, lint screens, and detergent and bleach compartments shall comply with V309.

V611.4 Height.  Top loading machines shall have the door to the laundry compartment located 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the finish deck surface.  Front loading machines shall have the bottom of the opening to the laundry compartment located 15 inches (380 mm) minimum and 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the finish deck surface.

Figure (a) shows a top loading machine with the door to the laundry compartment 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the deck surface.  Figure (b) shows a front loading machine with the bottom of the opening to the laundry compartment 15 to 36 inches (380 to 915 mm) above the deck surface.
Figure V611.4
Height of Laundry Compartment Opening

V612 Saunas and Steam Rooms

V612.1 General.  Saunas and steam rooms shall comply with V612.

V612.2 Bench.  Where seating is provided in saunas and steam rooms, at least one bench shall comply with V903.  Doors shall not swing into the clear deck space required by V903.2.

EXCEPTION.  A readily removable bench shall be permitted to obstruct the turning space required by V612.3 and the clear deck space required by V903.2.

V612.3 Turning Space.  A turning space complying with V304 shall be provided within saunas and steam rooms.