International and Other National Emergency Alarm Provisions for Passenger Vessels

Passenger Vessel Emergency Alarms Advisory Committee – Handout

International

SOLAS Chapter II-2 (Resolution MSC.216(82) – effective 1 Jan 2010)
Regulation 7 – Detection and alarm

5.2 and 5.3.1, the following text is added at the ends of the paragraphs:

“Detectors fitted in cabins, when activated, shall also be capable of emitting, or cause to be emitted, an audible alarm within the space where they are located.”

Note: See USCG November 2007 meeting handout for other SOLAS provisions.

Australia

Disability Standards for Accessible Public Transportation 2002
It is not clear these provisions are mandatory to all passenger vessels, in particular cruise ships, but in private legal actions they may have been applied.

Part 19 Alarms

19.1 Emergency warning systems

  1. If installed, emergency warning systems must comply with AS1428.2 (1992) Clause 18.2.1, Emergency warning systems, Clause 18.2.2, Audible alarms, and Clause 18.2.3, Visual alarms.
  2. When a fire alarm sounds, exit signs must sound audible signals complying with AS2220 (1989).

AS 1428.2 (1992) Excerpts

18.2 Emergency warning systems

18.2.1 General Emergency warning systems shall include both audible alarms complying with Clause 18.2.2 and visual alarms complying with Clause 18.2.3.

18.2.2 Audible alarms Audible emergency alarms shall produce audible signals in accordance with the requirements for output of loudspeakers in AS 2200.2, except that levels shall exceed by 15dB(A) the noisiest background sound pressure level average over a period of 60 s, and the level shall not be less than 75 dB(A).

18.2.3 Visual alarms Visual alarms in accordance with AS2220.1 shall be arranged to flash in conjunction with the audible emergency alarms. The flashing frequency of visual alarms shall be approximately 1 Hz.

AS 2220.1(1989) Excerpt

2.5.3.2 Visible signals Where required, the visible signal for alert and evacuation shall be flashing lights, having not less than 60 and not more than 120 flashes per minute. The colours of these lights shall be amber for alert and red for evacuation.

To Purchase AS 1428.2 (1992).

To Purchase AS2220.1 (1989).

Note: One copy of each Australian Standard was purchased for committee use.

Canada

Canadian Transportation Agency, Code of Practice, Ferry Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities — These provisions apply to ferries that are above 1000 tons and used by the general public which travel between the Provinces or territories, or between Canada and the United States.

2.13 Alarms. If a ferry is equipped with an alarm system, the system should be visual and audible and, when activated, display continuously in all public places. Visual alarms should be a flashing light that is strategically placed and significantly brighter than the ambient light.

Contacts:
Telephone: 1-888-222-2592 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting1-888-222-2592 end_of_the_skype_highlighting
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Facsimile: (819) 997-6727
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European Union/United Kingdom

The United Kingdom in Merchant Shipping Notice, MSN 1789 (M), implemented the European Union Directive 2003/24/EC “Safety Requirements for Persons of Reduced Mobility on Passenger Ships”.

The directive required (in Annex III, paragraph 4) that “the alarm system and alarm buttons must be designed so as to be accessible by and to alert all passengers with reduced mobility, including persons with sensory disabilities and persons with learning disabilities”.

To provide guidance on complying with the above directive and other UK requirements (see Chapter 1, sections 1.4, 2.4, and 2.5 in document #2 below), advisory material was created by the Disabled Persons Transport Advisory Committee for ferries (#1). As an update, document (#2) which contains proposed advisory material was written for ferries and other vessels and would replace document #1. The comment period on document #2 closes 5 December 2007. Both documents address emergency alarms.

#1 – Disabled Persons Transport Advisory Committee, Design of Large Passenger Ships and Passenger Infrastructure: Guidance on Meeting the Needs of Disabled People

2.59 Emergency alarm systems should be both audible and visual. Staff should receive specific disability awareness training to assist sensory impaired people.

#2 (Proposed Advisory) Designing and Operating Passenger Vessels and Passenger Shore Infrastructure: Guidance on Meeting the Needs of Persons with Reduced Mobility.

Chapter 5: Passenger vessels of 500 GT or more or certificated to carry 250 passengers or more (see section 6.4 below).

Chapter 6: Passenger vessels of less than 500 GT or certificated to carry less than 250 passengers (see section 5.4 which is the same as 6.4 below).

6.4. Alarms (same as 5.4)

6.4.1 The alarm system should be visual and audible and, when activated, display and sound continuously in all public places and accessible cabins.

6.4.2 Visual alarms should be a flashing light that is strategically placed and significantly brighter than the ambient light.

Contact: Disabled Persons Transport Advisory Committee
Telephone: 020 7944 8011
Textphone 020 7944 3277
Fax 020 7944 6998
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Website: www.dptac.gov.uk