PVAG Chapter 2, V201-V209

CHAPTER 2: SCOPING REQUIREMENTS

V201 Application

V201.1 Scope.  All passenger areas of newly designed and newly constructed passenger vessels permitted to carry more than 150 passengers or more than 49 overnight passengers, and altered portions of existing passenger vessels permitted to carry more than 150 passengers or more than 49 overnight passengers shall comply with these requirements.

V201.2 Application Based on Facility Use.  Where a facility, room, or space on a passenger vessel contains more than one use, each portion shall comply with the applicable requirements for that use.

V201.3 Temporary and Permanent Structures.  These requirements shall apply to temporary and permanent facilities on passenger vessels.

V201.4 Passenger Amenities.  At least one of each type of element, space and facility used by passengers shall be on an entry deck or connected by an onboard accessible routeto an entry deck.

V202 Existing Passenger Vessels

V202.1 General.  Additions and alterations to existing passenger vessels shall comply with V202.

V202.2 Additions.  Each addition to an existing passenger vessel shall comply with the requirements for new construction.  Each addition that affects or could affect the usability of or access to an area containing a primary function shall comply with V202.4.

V202.3 Alterations.  Where existing elements or spaces are altered, each altered element or space shall comply with the applicable requirements of Chapter 2.

EXCEPTIONS:  1.  Unless required by V202.4, where elements or spaces are altered and the circulation path to the altered element or space is not altered, an onboard accessible route shall not be required.

2.  In alterations, where compliance with applicable requirements is technically infeasible, the alteration shall comply with the requirements to the maximum extent feasible.

3.  In alterations, each alteration shall provide accessibility to the maximum extent feasible where compliance with applicable provisions would result in:

(a) an increase in tonnage that changes the classification from 46 CFR subchapter K to 46 CFR subchapter H;

(b) a violation of the minimum requirements established by the administrative authority for the stability of the vessel;

(c) a violation of the minimum requirements established by the administrative authority for the structural integrity or fire resistance of a Class A or B bulkhead or deck surface; or

(d) an increase in power load in excess of the existing power supply.

V202.3.1 Prohibited Reduction in Access.  An alteration that decreases or has the effect of decreasing the accessibility of a passenger vessel below the requirements for new construction at the time of the alteration is prohibited.

V202.3.2 Extent of Application.  An alteration of an existing element, space, or area of a passenger vessel shall not impose a requirement for accessibility greater than required for new construction.

V202.4 Alterations Affecting Primary Function Areas.  In addition to the requirements of V202.3, an alteration that affects or could affect the usability of or access to an area containing a primary function shall be made so as to ensure that, to the maximum extent feasible, the path of travel to the altered area, including the rest rooms, telephones, and drinking fountains serving the altered area, are readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities, unless such alterations are disproportionate to the overall alterations in terms of cost and scope as determined under criteria established by the Attorney General.

V202.5 Alterations to Qualified Historic Passenger Vessels.  Alterations to a qualified historic passenger vessel shall comply with V202.3 and V202.4.

EXCEPTION:  Where the State Historic Preservation Officer or Advisory Council on Historic Preservation determines that compliance with the requirements for onboard accessible routes or toilet facilities would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the passenger vessel, the exceptions for alterations to qualified historic passenger vessels for that element shall be permitted to apply.

V203 General Exceptions

V203.1 General.  Passenger vessels shall be exempt from these requirements to the extent specified by V203.

V203.2 Limited Access Spaces.  Spaces accessed only by ladders, catwalks, crawl spaces, manholes, hatches, or very narrow passageways shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an onboard accessible route.

V203.3 Camber and Sheer.  Where necessary to meet camber and sheer needs of the vessel, running slopes and cross slopes shall comply with these requirements to the maximum extent feasible.

V 203.4 Raised Refereeing, Judging, and Scoring Areas.  Raised structures used solely for refereeing, judging, or scoring a sport shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an onboard accessible route.

V203.5 Water Slides.  Water slides shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an onboard accessible route.

V203.6 Raised Boxing or Wrestling Rings.  Raised boxing or wrestling rings shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an onboard accessible route.

V203.7 Raised Diving Boards and Diving Platforms.  Raised diving boards and diving platforms shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an onboard accessible route.

V204 Protruding Objects

V204.1 General.  Protruding objects on circulation paths shall comply with V307.

EXCEPTIONS:  1.  Within areas of sport activity, protruding objects on circulation paths shall not be required to comply with V307.

2.  Within play areas, protruding objects on circulation paths shall not be required to comply with V307 provided that ground level accessible routes provide vertical clearance in compliance with V1004.2.

V205 Operable Parts

V205.1 General.  Operable parts on accessible elements, onboard accessible routes, and in accessible rooms and spaces shall comply with V309.

EXCEPTIONS:  1.  Operable parts that are intended for use only by crew, or service or maintenance personnel shall not be required to comply with V309.

2.  Electrical or communication receptacles serving a dedicated use shall not be required to comply with V309.

3.  Where two or more outlets are provided in a kitchen above a length of counter top that is uninterrupted by a sink or appliance, one outlet shall not be required to comply with V309.

4.  Deck surface electrical receptacles shall not be required to comply with V309.

5.  HVAC diffusers shall not be required to comply with V309.

6.  Except for light switches, where redundant controls are provided for a single element, one control in each space shall not be required to comply with V309.

7.  Exercise machines shall not be required to comply with V309.

V206 Onboard Accessible Routes

V206.1 General.  Onboard accessible routes shall be provided in accordance with V206 and shall comply with Chapter 4.

V206.2 Where Required.  Onboard accessible routes shall be provided where required by V206.2.

V206.2.1 Multi-Deck Passenger Vessels.  At least one onboard accessible route shall connect each passenger deck and mezzanine in multi-deck passenger vessels.  At least one onboard accessible route shall connect each entry deck in passenger vessels with multiple entry decks.

EXCEPTIONS:  1.  On passenger vessels that have fewer than three decks or that have less than 3000 square feet per deck (279 m2), an onboard accessible route shall not be required to connect passenger decks that are not entry decks.

2.  Decks, other than entry decks, that have less than 300 (28 m2) square feet per deck shall not be required to be connected to an onboard accessible route.

3.  Where vehicle lanes for trucks, buses or other high clearance vehicles divide a higher deck, other than entry decks, into two separate segments and no horizontal circulation is provided between these two segments, only one segment of the divided deck is required to be connected by an onboard accessible route.

4.  Decks below the bulkhead deck are not required to be connected to an onboard accessible route. 

5.  Where exceptions for alterations to qualified historic passenger vessels are permitted by V202.5, an onboard accessible route shall not be required between decks.

V206.2.1.1 Stairs and Escalators in Existing Passenger Vessels.  In alterations and additions, where an escalator or stair is provided where none existed previously and major structural modifications are necessary for the installation, at least one onboard accessible route shall be provided between the levels served by the escalator or stair unless exempted by V206.2.1 Exceptions 1 through 5.

V206.2.2 Spaces and Elements.  Within a deck, at least one onboard accessible route shall connect all accessible spaces and elements within the passenger vessel which are otherwise connected by a circulation path, unless exempted by V206.2.1 Exceptions 1 through 5. 

EXCEPTIONS:  1.  In assembly areas with fixed seating required to comply with V221, an onboard accessible route shall not be required to serve fixed seating where wheelchair spaces required to be on an onboard accessible route are not provided.

2.  Onboard accessible routes shall not be required to connect mezzanines where passenger vessels have no more than one passenger deck.  In addition, onboard accessible routes shall not be required to connect decks or mezzanines where multi-deck passenger vessels are exempted by V206.2.1 Exceptions 1 through 5.

V206.2.3 Restaurants and Cafeterias.  In restaurants and cafeterias, at least one onboard accessible route shall be provided to all dining areas, including raised or sunken dining areas, and outdoor dining areas.

EXCEPTIONS:  1.  In passenger vessels not required to provide an onboard accessible route between decks, an onboard accessible route shall not be required to a mezzanine dining area where the mezzanine contains less than 25 percent of the total combined area for seating and dining and where the same decor and services are provided in the accessible area.

2.  In alterations, an onboard accessible route shall not be required to existing raised or sunken dining areas, or to all parts of existing outdoor dining areas where the same services and decor are provided in an accessible space usable by passengers and not restricted to use by people with disabilities.

V206.2.4 Performance Areas.  Where a circulation path directly connects a performance area to an assembly seating area, at least one onboard accessible route shall directly connect the assembly seating area with the performance area.

V206.2.5 Bowling Lanes.  Where bowling lanes are provided, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one of each type of bowling lane, shall be on an onboard accessible route.

V206.2.6 Court Sports.  In court sports, at least one onboard accessible route shall directly connect both sides of the court.

V206.2.7 Exercise Machines and Equipment.  Exercise machines and equipment required to comply with V231 shall be on an onboard accessible route.

V206.2.8 Miniature Golf Facilities.  Holes required to comply with V239.2, including the start of play, shall be on an onboard accessible route.  Accessible routes serving miniature golf facilities shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by V1003.2.

V206.2.9 Play Areas.  Play areas shall provide onboard accessible routes in accordance with V206.2.9.  Accessible routes serving play areas shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by V1004.2.

V206.2.9.1 Ground Level and Elevated Play Components.  At least one onboard accessible route shall be provided within the play area.  The onboard accessible route shall connect ground level play components required to comply with V233.2.1 and elevated play components required to comply with V233.2.2, including entry and exit points of the play components.

V206.2.9.2 Soft Contained Play Structures.  Where three or fewer entry points are provided for soft contained play structures, at least one entry point shall be on an onboard accessible route.  Where four or more entry points are provided for soft contained play structures, at least two entry points shall be on an onboard accessible route.

V206.3 Location.  Onboard accessible routes shall coincide with or be located in the same area as general circulation paths.  Where circulation paths are interior, required onboard accessible routes shall also be interior.  An onboard accessible route connecting any two points within one or more accessible spaces shall not be more than 300 feet (91 m) longer than the shortest general circulation path connecting the same two points.

V206.4 Entry and Departure Points.  Each entry and departure point used by passengers shall be on an onboard accessible route.

V206.5 Doors, Doorways, and Gates.  Doors, doorways, and gates providing user passage shall be provided in accordance with V206.5.

V206.5.1 Deck Entry and Departure.  Where doors, doorways, or gates are provided at entry and departure points required to comply with V206.4, at least one door, doorway, or gate shall comply with V404.

V206.5.2 Rooms and Spaces.  Within a passenger vessel, at least one door, doorway, or gate serving each room or space complying with these requirements shall comply with V404.

V206.6 Elevators.  Elevators provided for passengers shall comply with V407.  Where multiple elevators are provided, each elevator shall comply with V407.

EXCEPTIONS:  1.  In a passenger vessel permitted to use the exceptions to V206.2.1 or permitted by V206.7 to use a platform lift, elevators complying with V408 shall be permitted.

2.  In passenger vessels less than 10,000 ITC tons, elevators complying with V408 shall be permitted.

V206.6.1 Existing Elevators.  Where elements of existing elevators are altered, the same element shall also be altered in all elevators that are programmed to respond to the same hall call control as the altered elevator and shall comply with the requirements of V407 or V408 for the altered element.

V206.7 Platform Lifts.  Platform lifts shall comply with V409.  Platform lifts shall be permitted as a component of an onboard accessible route in new construction in accordance with V206.7.  Platform lifts shall be permitted as a component of an onboard accessible route in an existing passenger vessel.

V206.7.1 Performance Areas and Speakers’ Platforms.  Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide onboard accessible routes to performance areas and speakers’ platforms.

V206.7.2 Wheelchair Spaces.  Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide an onboard accessible route to comply with the wheelchair space dispersion and line-of-sight requirements of V221 and V802.

V206.7.3 Vertical Clearance Constraints.  Platform lifts shall be permitted where vertical clearance constraints on a route a passenger vessel operates makes the use of an elevator infeasible.

V206.7.4 Passenger Guest Rooms.  Platform lifts shall be permitted to connect levels within guest rooms required to provide mobility features complying with V806.2.

V206.7.5 Decks Less Than 3000 Square Feet.  Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide an onboard accessible route to decks which are less than 3000 square feet (279 m2).

V206.7.6 Play Areas.  Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide onboard accessible routes to play components or soft contained play structures.

V206.8 Security Barriers.  Security barriers, including but not limited to, security bollards and security check points, shall not obstruct a required onboard accessible route or accessible means of escape.

EXCEPTION:  Where security barriers incorporate elements that cannot comply with these requirements such as certain metal detectors, fluoroscopes, or other similar devices, the onboard accessible route shall be permitted to be located adjacent to security screening devices.  The onboard accessible route shall permit persons with disabilities passing around security barriers to maintain visual contact with their personal items to the same extent provided others passing through the security barrier.

V207 Accessible Means of Escape

V207.1 General.  Accessible means of escape shall be provided in accordance with V207 and shall comply with V410.

EXCEPTION:  Accessible means of escape are not required in alterations to existing passenger vessels.

V207.2 Number Required.  Where the administrative authority requires one means of escape from an accessible space, at least one accessible means of escape shall be provided.  Where more than one means of escape is required by the administrative authority from any accessible space, each accessible portion of the space shall be served by at least two accessible means of escape

EXCEPTIONS:  1.  Where a required means of escape is permitted by the administrative authority to include a ladder, window, or deck scuttle, the corresponding accessible means of escape is not required.

2.  Where means of escape are permitted by the administrative authority to share a common path of escape travel, the corresponding accessible means of escape shall be permitted to share a common path of escape travel.

V207.3 Elevators.  Where at least one accessible means of escape from any accessible deck travels vertically four or more decks, at least one accessible means of escape from each passenger deck shall contain an elevator complying with V206.6 and V410.3.

EXCEPTIONS:  1.  In vessels protected by an automatic sprinkler system complying with SOLAS II-2 (incorporated by reference, see “Referenced Standards” in Chapter 1) or NFPA 13 (incorporated by reference, see “Referenced Standards” in Chapter 1), the elevator required by this section is not required to connect decks (1) located above the highest deck containing evacuation stations, and (2) that have at least two main vertical zones complying with requirements established by the administrative authority.

2.  In vessels protected by an automatic sprinkler system complying with SOLAS II-2 (incorporated by reference, see “Referenced Standards” in Chapter 1) or NFPA 13 (incorporated by reference, see “Referenced Standards” in Chapter 1), the elevator shall not be required to those decks connected by a ramp complying with V405.

3.  Where vertical access is not required by the exceptions under V206.2.1, this section does not apply.

V208 Passenger Vessel Boarding. 

V208.1 General.  At least one passenger boarding system complying with V412 shall connect an entry deck to fixed piers, floating piers, or land.

EXCEPTION:  Where a boarding system complying with V412 is provided on a pier, a vessel carried boarding system is not required. 

V209 Stairways

V209.1 General.  Interior and exterior stairs connecting levels not connected by an onboard accessible route shall comply with V502.

EXCEPTIONS:  1.  In assembly areas, aisle stairs shall not be required to comply with V502.

2.  Stairs that connect play components shall not be required to comply with V502.