Governmental Jurisdictions Affected

The proposed guidelines will affect state and local governmental jurisdictions and, in particular, transportation, public works, and other departments that construct streets and highways.21 For ease of reference, the affected governmental units are referred to as "state and local transportation departments" in this report but may go by different names in their respective jurisdictions. The number of local governmental jurisdictions affected is shown in the table below.

Local GovernmentsNumberPopulation 100,000 or MorePopulation 50,000 to 99,999Population Less than 50,000
Source:  US Census Bureau 2002 Census of Governments available at: http://www.census.gov/prod/2003pubs /gc021x1.pdf. There are 743 special highway districts but the report does not provide population data for the districts.
County 3,034 473 383 2,178
Municipal 19,429 241 364 18,824
Town or Township 16,504 36 97 16,371
Total 38,967 750 844 37,375

The proposed guidelines will not affect all local governments the same. Local governments within areas classified by the US Census Bureau as urban have higher population densities and generally construct more pedestrian facilities in the public right-of-way. Local governments within areas classified by the US Census Bureau as rural have lower population densities and generally construct fewer pedestrian facilities in the public right-of-way.22