Outdoor Developed Areas

 

Outdoor developed areas covered by this section shall comply with the applicable requirements of section 4 and the special application sections, except as modified or otherwise provided in this section.

16.1 General. All newly designed and constructed pedestrian trails or altered portions of existing pedestrian trails connecting to designated trailhead or accessible trails shall comply with 16. All newly designed and constructed camping facilities, picnic areas, and beach access routes or altered portions thereof shall comply with 16.

16.1.1 Extent of Application. Departures from specific technical provisions of this section shall be permitted where specified, and where at least one of the following conditions is present. The conditions in this section do not obviate or limit in any way obligations to comply with 16 at any point that the conditions are not present.

  1. Where compliance would cause substantial harm to cultural, historic, religious, or significant natural features or characteristics; or,
  2. Where compliance would substantially alter the nature of the setting or the purpose of the facility, or portion of the facility; or,
  3. Where compliance would require construction methods or materials that are prohibited by federal, state, or local regulations or statutes; or,
  4. Where compliance would not be feasible due to terrain or the prevailing construction practices.

Definitions.

Trail.
A route that is designed, constructed, or designated for recreational pedestrian use or provided as an pedestrian alternative to vehicular routes within a transportation system.
Designated Trailhead.
A designated point of access that may contain a parking area, information kiosks, restrooms, water hydrants, and may be reached by vehicular or pedestrian access.
 
Tread width.
The path or visible trail surface perpendicular to the direction of travel. The clear tread width of the trail is the width of the useable trail tread, measured perpendicular to the direction of travel and on or parallel to the surface of the useable trail tread. The minimum clear tread width is the narrowest measurement on the useable trail tread.
 
16.2 Trails. Where trails are provided, the trail shall comply with 16.2. Where provided, elements located on accessible trails shall comply with 16.5 through 16.21. Elements are not required to be connected by an outdoor recreation access route.
EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where one or more of the conditions in 16.1.1 exists, and where one or more of the conditions in this exception exists, the provisions of 16.2 shall not apply after the first point of departure. The segment of the trail between the trailhead and the first point of departure shall comply with 16.2 unless the trail segment is 500 feet (150 m) or less in length. Where there is a prominent feature less than 500 feet (150 m) from the trailhead, the trail segment between the trailhead and the prominent feature shall comply with 16.2.
The conditions of this exception are:
  1. The combination of running slope and cross slope exceeds 40 percent for over 20 feet (6100 mm); or
  2. A trail obstacle 30 inches (760 mm) or more in height across the full tread width of the trail; or
  3. The surface is neither firm nor stable for a distance of 45 feet or more; or
  4. A clear width less than 12 inches (305 mm) for a distance of 20 feet (6100 mm) or more

2. Where one or more of the conditions in 16.1.1 are met resulting in departures from the technical provisions in 16.2 for over 15 percent of the length of the trail, 16.2 shall not apply after the first point of departure. The segment of the trail between the trailhead and the first point of departure is required to comply with 16.2 unless the trail segment is 500 feet (150 m) or less in length. Where there is a prominent feature less than 500 feet (150 m) from the trailhead, the trail segment between the trailhead and the prominent feature shall comply with 16.2.

16.2.1 Surface. The trail surface shall be firm and stable.
EXCEPTION. The provision shall not apply where a firm and stable surface can not be provided because at least one of the four conditions specified in 16.1.1 applies.
 
16.2.2 Clear Tread Width. The clear tread width of the trail shall be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum.
EXCEPTIONS 1. The clear tread width shall be permitted to be reduced to no less than 32 inches (815 mm) minimum where at least one of the four conditions specified in 16.1.1 apply. 2. The provision shall not apply where 32 inches (815 mm) minimum clear tread width can not be provided because at least one of the four conditions specified in 16.1.1 applies.
 
16.2.3 Openings. Openings in trail surfaces shall be of a size that does not permit passage of a ½ inch (13 mm) diameter sphere. Elongated openings shall be placed so that the long dimension is perpendicular or diagonal to the dominant direction of travel.
EXCEPTIONS 1. Elongated openings are permitted to be parallel to the dominant direction of travel where the opening does not permit passage of a 1/4 inch (6.5 mm) diameter sphere. 2. Openings shall be permitted to be of a size that do not permit passage of a 3/4 inch (19 mm) diameter sphere where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 apply. 3. Where openings that do not permit passage of a 3/4 inch (19 mm) diameter sphere are not feasible, because at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1. applies, the provisions of 16.2.3. shall not apply
16.2.4 Protruding Objects. Protruding objects on trails shall comply with ADAAG 4.4.1.and shall have 80 inches (2030 mm) minimum clear head room.
EXCEPTION. Where vertical clearance of a trail is reduced to less than 80 inches (2030 mm) where one of the four conditions specified in 16.1.1 applies, a barrier to warn blind and visually impaired persons shall be provided.
16.2.5 Tread Obstacles. Where tread obstacles exist, they shall not exceed 2 inches (50 mm) high maximum.
EXCEPTIONS. 1. Tread obstacles shall be permitted to be 3 inches (75 mm) maximum where running and cross slopes are 1:20 or less. 2. The provision shall not apply where tread obstacles greater than 3 inches (75 mm) exist, because at least one of the four conditions specified in 16.1.1 applies.
16.2.6 Passing Space. Where the clear tread width of the trail is less than 60 inches (1525 mm), passing spaces shall be provided at intervals of 1000 feet (300 m) maximum. Passing spaces shall be either a 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum by 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum space, or an intersection of two walking surfaces which provide a T-shaped space complying with ADAAG 4.2.3 provided that the arms and stem of the T-shaped space extend at least 48 inches (1220 mm) beyond the intersection.
EXCEPTION. The provision shall not apply where passing space cannot be provided because at least one of the four conditions specified in 16.1.1 applies.
16.2.7Slopes. Slopes shall comply with 16.2.7.1 and 16.2.7.2.
EXCEPTIONS 1. For open drainage structures, a running slope of 14 percent is permitted for 5 feet maximum (1525 mm) with a cross slope of 1:20 maximum. Cross slope is permitted to be 1:10 at the bottom of the open drain, where clear tread width is 42 inches (1065 mm) minimum. 2. The provisions of this section do not apply where one or more conditions in 16.1.1 applies.

16.2.7.1 Cross Slope. The cross slope shall not exceed 1:20 maximum.

16.2.7.2Running slope. Running slope of trail segments shall comply with one or more of the provisions of this section. No more than 30 percent of the total trail length shall exceed a running slope of 1:12.

16.2.7.2.1 Running slope shall be 1:20 or less for any distance.

16.2.7.2.2 Running slope shall be 1:12 maximum for 200 feet (61 m) maximum. Resting intervals complying with 16.2.8 shall be provided at distances no greater than 200 feet (61 m) apart.

16.2.7.2.3 Running slope shall be 1:10 maximum for 30 feet (9150 mm) maximum. Resting intervals complying with 16.2.8 shall be provided at distances no greater than 30 feet (9150 mm) apart.

16.2.7.2.4 Running slope shall be 1:8 maximum for 10 feet (3050 mm) maximum. Resting intervals complying with 16.2.8 shall be provided at distances no greater than 10 feet (3050 mm) apart.

16.2.8 Resting Intervals. Resting intervals shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum in length, shall have a width at least as wide as the widest portion of the trail segment leading to the resting interval, and have a slope not exceeding 1:20 in any direction.
EXCEPTION. The provision shall not apply where resting spaces cannot be provided because at least one of the four conditions specified in 16.1.1 applies.

16.2.9 Edge Protection. Where edge protection is provided along a trail, the edge protection shall have a height of 3 inches (75 mm) minimum.

16.2.10 Signs. Newly constructed and altered trails and trail segments complying with 16.2 shall be designated with a symbol* at the trail head and all designated access points. Signs identifying accessible trail segments shall include the total distance of the accessible segment and the location of the first point of departure from the technical provisions.

OUTDOOR RECREATION ACCESS ROUTES

Definition.

Outdoor Recreation Access Route.
A continuous unobstructed path designated for pedestrian use that connects accessible elements within a picnic area, camping area, or designated trailhead.

16.3.1 Surface. The surface of the outdoor recreation access route shall be firm and stable.

16.3.2 Clear Tread Width. The clear tread width of outdoor recreation access routes shall be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum.
EXCEPTION. The minimum width shall be permitted to be no less than 32 inches (815 mm) minimum for a distance of 24 inches (610 mm) maximum where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.
16.3.3 Openings. Openings in the surfaces of outdoor recreation access routes shall be of a size that does not permit passage of a ½ inch (13 mm) diameter sphere. Elongated openings shall be placed so that the long dimension is perpendicular or diagonal to the dominant direction of travel.
EXCEPTION. Openings are permitted to run parallel to the dominant direction of travel so long as, the opening does not permit passage of a 1/4 inch (6.5 mm) diameter sphere.

16.3.4 Protruding Objects. Protruding objects on outdoor recreation access routes shall comply with ADAAG 4.4

16.3.5 Tread Obstacles: Where tread obstacles exists, obstacles on the outdoor recreation access route shall be 1 inch (25 mm) high maximum.
EXCEPTION. Tread obstacles of 2 inches (50 mm) high maximum shall be permitted where beveled with a slope no greater than 1:2 and where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.
 
16.3.6 Passing Space. Where the clear tread width of outdoor recreation access route is less than 60 inches (1525 mm), passing spaces shall be provided at intervals of 200 feet (61 m) maximum. Passing spaces shall be either 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum by 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum space, or an intersection of two walking surfaces which provide a T-shaped space complying with ADAAG 4.2.3 provided that the arms and stem of the T-shaped space extend at least 48 inches (1220 mm) beyond the intersection.
EXCEPTION. Passing spaces shall be permitted at intervals of up to 300 feet (91 m) maximum where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.

16.3.7 Slopes. Slopes shall comply with 16.3.7.1 and 16.3.7.2.

16.3.7.1 Cross Slope. The cross slope of outdoor recreation access routes shall be 1:33 maximum.
EXCEPTION. Cross slopes of 1:20 maximum shall be permitted to ensure proper drainage.

16.3.7.2Running slope. Running slope of trail segments shall comply with one or more of the provisions of this section.

16.3.7.2.1 Running slope shall be 1:20 or less for any distance.

16.3.7.2.2 Running slope shall be 1:12 maximum for 50 feet maximum. Resting intervals complying with 16.2.8 shall be provided at distances no greater than 50 feet apart.

16.3.7.2.3 Running slope shall be 1:10 maximum for 30 feet (9150 mm) maximum. Resting intervals complying with 16.2.8 shall be provided at distances no greater than 30 feet (9150 mm) apart.

16.3.8 Resting Intervals. Resting interval shall be 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum in length, shall have a width at least as wide as the widest portion of the trail segment leading to the resting interval, and have a slope not exceeding 1:33 in any direction.
EXCEPTION. Where the surface conditions require slopes greater than 1:33 for proper drainage, a 1:20 slope is permitted.

16.3.9Edge Protection. Where edge protection is provided, the edge protection shall have a height of 3 inches (75 mm) minimum.

BEACH ACCESS ROUTES

Definition

Beach Access Route.
A continuous unobstructed path designated for pedestrian use that crosses the surface of the beach.

16.4 Beach Access Route.

16.4.1 Beach Access Route. Beach access routes shall be provided according to section 16.4 and shall coincide with or be located in the same area as the general circulation path to the maximum extent feasible.

16.4.1.1 New Beach. Where a beach is newly constructed, a minimum of one beach access route complying with 16.4.2 through 16.4.12, shall be provided for every ½ mile of linear feet of new beach. The beach route shall extend to the high tide level, mean river bed level, or the normal recreation pool level.

16.4.1.2 Existing Beach. Where a pedestrian access route is constructed from a developed site to or along the edge of an existing beach, a beach access route complying with 16.4.2 through 16.4.12 shall be provided and extend to the high tide level, mean river bed level, or to the normal recreation water level.
EXCEPTIONS. 1. A temporary beach access route is permitted. 2. Routes which are created solely for shoreline maintenance shall not be required to comply with 16.4. 3. Routes provided solely as undeveloped public easements shall not be required to comply with 16.4. 4. A beach access route shall not be required, provided that another beach access route exists within ½ mile and is within the beach of the same jurisdiction. 5. When existing beaches are replenished for beach nourishment, the alterations provisions shall not apply. 6. A beach access route is not required when the pedestrian route along the edge of an existing beach is elevated 6 inches (150 mm) or higher above the beach surface.

16.4.2 Surface. The surface of the beach access route shall be firm and stable.

16.4.3 Clear Tread Width. The clear tread width of a beach access route shall be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum.

16.4.4 Openings. Openings in the surfaces of the beach access route shall be of a size that does not permit passage of a ½ inch (13 mm) diameter sphere. Elongated openings shall be placed so that the long dimension is perpendicular or diagonal to the dominant direction of travel.
EXCEPTION. Elongated openings are permitted to run parallel to the dominate direction of travel, where the opening does not permit passage of 1/4 inch (6.5 mm) sphere.

16.4.5 Protruding Objects. Protruding objects shall comply with ADAAG 4.4.

16.4.6 Passing Space. Where the clear width of the beach access route is less than 60 inches (1525 mm), passing spaces shall be provided at intervals of 200 feet (61 m) maximum. Passing spaces shall be either a 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum by 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum space, or an intersection of two walking surfaces which provide a T-shaped space complying with ADAAG 4.2.3 provided that the arms and stem of the T-shaped space extend at least 48 inches (1220 mm) beyond the intersection.

16.4.7 Maneuvering Space/Resting Space. Maneuvering space shall be provided at the high tide level, mean river bed level, normal recreation water level, or end of the beach access route. Maneuvering space shall not overlap with the beach access route and shall be either a 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum by 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum space, or an intersection of two walking surfaces which provided a T-shaped space complying with ADAAG 4.2.3 provided that the arms and stem of the T-shaped space extend at least 48 inches (1220 mm) beyond the intersection.

16.4.8 Slopes. Slopes shall comply with 16.4.8.1 and 16.4.8.2.

16.4.8.1 Cross Slope. The cross slope of the beach access route shall be 1:33 maximum.
EXCEPTION. Cross slopes of 1:20 maximum shall be permitted to ensure proper drainage.

16.4.8.2 Running slope. Running slope of trail segments shall comply with one or more of the provisions of this section.

16.4.8.2.1 Running slope shall be 1:20 or less for any distance.

16.4.8.2.2 Running slope shall be 1:12 maximum for 50 feet maximum. Resting intervals complying with 16.2.8 shall be provided at distances no greater than 50 feet apart.

16.4.8.2.3 Running slope shall be 1:10 maximum for 30 feet (9150 mm) maximum. Resting intervals complying with 16.2.8 shall be provided at distances no greater than 30 feet (9150 mm) apart.

16.4.9 Changes in Level. Obstacles in the beach access route shall be 1 inch (25 mm) high maximum.

16.4.10 Edge Protection. If the drop-off from the beach access route to the beach is 6 inches (150 mm) or higher, the beach access route shall have curbs, walls, railings, or projecting surfaces that prevent people from falling off the route. Edge protection shall be a minimum of 2 inches (50 mm) . If the drop-off is greater than 1 inch (25 mm), but less than 6 inches (150 mm), then the edge must be beveled.

PICNIC ELEMENTS

16.5 Fixed Picnic Tables

16.5.1 Minimum Number.

16.5.1.1 Single Picnic Tables. Where one fixed picnic table is provided in a picnic area, the picnic table shall comply with 16.5.4 through 16.5.6, and shall be connected to an outdoor recreation access route complying with 16.3.

16.5.1.2 Multiple Picnic Tables. Where two or more fixed picnic tables are provided in a picnic area, at least 50 percent, but never less than two, shall comply with 16.5.4 through 16.5.6. In addition, at least 40 percent, but never less than two, of the accessible picnic tables shall be connected to an outdoor recreation access route complying with 16.3.

16.5.2 Dispersal. Accessible picnic tables shall be dispersed among the types of picnic areas provided. This provision shall not require an increase in the total number of accessible picnic tables required in 16.5.1

16.5.3. Number of Wheelchair Seating Spaces. An accessible picnic table shall have at least one seating space. Where the table top perimeter exceeds 24 linear feet, the number of wheelchair seating spaces shall comply with the following table:

TABLE 16.5.3

Table Top Linear Feet Number of Wheelchair Spaces
25 lf - 44 lf 2 spaces
45 lf - 64 lf 3 spaces
65 lf - 84 lf 4 spaces
85 lf - 104 lf 5 spaces

16.5.4 Wheelchair Seating Space Size. The seating space shall contain knee space at least 27 inches (685 mm) high, 30 inches (760 mm) wide, and 19 inches (485 mm) deep. Toe clearance 9 inches (230 mm) minimum in height shall extend an additional 5 inches minimum from the knee clearance. (Figure to be developed). Clear floor or ground space complying with ADAAG 4.2.4.1 and 4.2.4.2 shall be provided at each seating space required to be accessible.

16.5.5 Table Clearance. A 36 inches (915 mm) minimum clear floor or ground space surrounding the useable portion of the table, measured from the seat shall be provided.

16.5.6 Surface. The surface of clear spaces required by 16.5.4 and 16.5.5 shall be stable and firm.
EXCEPTION. The provisions of 16.5.6 shall not apply where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.
 
16.5.7 Slope. The slope of clear spaces required by 16.5.4 and 16.5.5 shall not exceed 1:50 in any direction.
EXCEPTIONS. 1. Where surface conditions require slopes greater than 1:50 for proper drainage, a 1:33 maximum slope is allowed. 2. The provisions of 16.5.7 shall not apply where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies

FIRE RINGS

16.6 Fire Rings

16.6.1 Minimum Number.

16.6.1.1 Single Fire Ring. Where one fire ring is provided in a picnic area, the fire ring shall comply with 16.6.3 through 16.6.7, and shall be connected to an outdoor recreation access route complying with 16.3.

16.6.1.2 Multiple Fire Rings. Where two or more fire rings are provided in a picnic area, at least 50 percent, but never less than two, shall comply with 16.6.3 through 16.6.7 In addition, at least 40 percent, but never less than two, of these accessible fire rings shall be connected to an outdoor recreation access route complying with 16.3.

16.6.2 Dispersal. Accessible fire rings shall be dispersed among the types provided. This provision does not require an increase in the total number of accessible fire rings required in 16.6.1.

16.6.3 Clear Floor or Ground Space. All usable portions of the fire ring shall be provided with a clear floor or ground space extending 48 inches (1220 mm ) minimum in depth from the fire ring and 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum wide.
EXCEPTION. The minimum depth shall be permitted to be reduced by the minimum necessary, but shall not be permitted to be less than 36 inches (815 mm) minimum where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.

16.6.4 Fire Surface Height. The fire building surface shall be 9 inches (230 mm) minimum above the ground or floor surface.

16.6.5 Raised edge. Where a raised edge or curb is provided on a fire ring, the combined distance over the edge or curb down to the fire building surface shall be 24 inches (610 mm) maximum. (Figure to be developed)

16.6.6 Slopes. Clear spaces shall have slopes no greater than 1:50 in all directions.
EXCEPTIONS. 1. Where surface conditions require slopes greater than 1:50 for proper drainage, a 1:33 maximum slope is allowed. 2. The provisions of 16.6.6 shall not apply where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.
 
16.6.7 Surface. The surface of the clear space required by 16.6.4 shall be stable and firm.
EXCEPTION. The provisions of 16.6.7 do not apply where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.

COOKING SURFACE, GRILLS, PEDESTAL GRILLS

16.7 Cooking Surfaces, Grills, Pedestal Grills

16.7.1 Minimum Number.

16.7.1.1 Single Cooking Surface. Where one cooking surface, grill, or pedestal grill is provided in an area, the cooking surface, grill, or pedestal grill shall comply with 16.7.3 through 16.7.7 and shall be connected to an outdoor recreation access route complying with 16.3.

16.7.1.2 Multiple Cooking Surfaces. Where two or more cooking surfaces, grills, or pedestal grills are provided in an area, at least 50 percent, but never less than two, shall comply with 16.7.3 through 16.7.7. In addition, at least 40 percent, but never less than two, of these accessible cooking surfaces shall be connected to an outdoor recreation access route complying with 16.3.

16.7.2 Dispersal. Accessible cooking surfaces shall be dispersed among the types provided. This provision does not require an increase in the total number of accessible cooking surfaces required in 16.7.2.

16.7.3 Cooking Surface Height. The cooking surface shall be 15 inches (380 mm) minimum and 34 inches (865 mm) maximum above the ground or floor surface.

16.7.4 Controls. Controls and operating mechanisms shall comply with ADAAG 4.27.1, 4.27.2, and 4.27.3.

16.7.5 Clear Floor or Ground Space. All usable portions of the cooking surface shall be provided with a clear floor or ground space which is 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum in depth measured from the cooking surface and 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum in width. (figure to be developed)
EXCEPTION. The minimum depth shall be permitted to be reduced by the minimum necessary, but shall not be permitted to be less than 36 inches (815 mm) minimum where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.
 
16.7.6 Slopes. Clear spaces shall have slopes no greater than 1:50 in all directions.
EXCEPTIONS. 1. Where surface conditions require slopes greater than 1:50 for proper drainage, a 1:33 maximum slope is allowed. 2. The provisions of 16.7.6 shall not apply where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.
 
16.7.7 Surface. The surface of the clear space required by 16.7.5 shall be stable and firm.
EXCEPTION. The provisions of 16.7.7 do not apply where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.

FIXED TRASH/RECYCLING CONTAINERS

16.8 Trash and Recycling Containers

16.8.1 Trash and Recycling Containers. Each trash or recycling containers provided shall comply with 16.8.2 through 16.8.5 and shall be connected by an outdoor recreation access route complying 16.3.
EXCEPTION. 50 percent of the bins in multi-bin containers are exempt from this provision.

16.8.2 Clear Floor or Ground Space. Clear space shall comply with ADAAG 4.2.4.1 and 4.2.2.2.

16.8.3 Surface. The surface of the clear space required by 16.8.2 shall be stable and firm.
EXCEPTION. The provisions of 16.8.3 do not apply where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.
 
16.8.4 Slopes. Clear spaces required by 16.8.2 shall have slopes no greater than 1:50 in all directions.
EXCEPTIONS. 1. Where surface conditions require slopes greater than 1:50 for proper drainage, a 1:33 maximum slope is allowed. 2. The provisions of 16.8.4 shall not apply where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.
 
16.8.5 Controls and Operating Mechanisms. Controls and operating mechanisms shall comply with ADAAG 4.27.3 and 4.27.4.
EXCEPTION. The requirements of 4.27.4 do not apply to hinged lids and controls designed for large animal exclusion.

WOOD STOVES AND FIREPLACES

16.9 Wood Stoves and Fireplaces

16.9.1 Wood Stoves and Fireplaces. Each fireplace and wood stove shall comply with 16.9.2 and 16.9.5 and shall be connected by an outdoor recreation access route complying with 16.3.

16.9.2 Clear Floor or Ground Space. All useable portions of the wood stove or fireplace shall be provided with a clear floor or ground space with a minimum depth of 48 inches (1220 mm) measured from the wood stove or fireplace and minimum of 48 inches (1220 mm) wide.
EXCEPTION. The minimum depth shall be permitted to be reduced to no less than 36 inches (815 mm) where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.

16.9.3 Controls. Controls shall comply with ADAAG 4.27.

16.9.4 Slopes. Clear spaces shall have slopes no greater than 1:50 in all directions.
EXCEPTIONS. 1. Where surface conditions require slopes greater than 1:50 for proper drainage, a 1:33 maximum slope is allowed. 2. The provisions of 16.9.4 shall not apply where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.
 
16.9.5 Surface. The surface of the clear space required by 16.9.2 shall be stable and firm.
EXCEPTION. The provisions of 16.9.5 do not apply where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.

OVERLOOKS/VIEWING AREAS

16.10 Overlooks/Viewing Areas.

16.10.1 Number of Accessible Viewing Areas. Where viewing areas are provided on designated overlooks, each viewing area shall comply with 16.10.2 through 16.10.5 and be located on an outdoor recreation access route complying with 16.3 or a trail complying with 16.2.
EXCEPTIONS. 1. Where multiple viewing areas are provided, a minimum of one of each viewing opportunity for distinct points of interest shall be accessible. 2. The provisions of 16.10.1 do not apply where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.

16.10.2 Maneuvering Space. The viewing area shall have at least one maneuvering space complying with ADAAG 4.2.3.

16.10.3 Unrestricted Viewing Opportunities. Each location providing viewing opportunities for distinct points of interest shall provide at least one unrestricted viewing opportunity for each distinct point of interest. Viewing opportunities shall accommodate eye levels between 32 inches (815 mm) minimum to 51 inches (1295 mm) maximum.
EXCEPTION. The provisions of 16.10.3 do not apply where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.
 
16.10.4 Slope. The maneuvering space required by 16.10.2 shall have a slope which does not exceed 1:50 in any direction.
EXCEPTIONS: 1. Where surface conditions require slopes greater than 1:50 for proper drainage, a 1:33 maximum slope is allowed. 2. The provisions of 16.10.4 do not apply where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.
 
16.10.5 Surface. The surface of clear space required by 16.10.2 shall be stable and firm.
EXCEPTION. The provisions of 16.10.5 do not apply where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.



TELESCOPES/PERISCOPES

16.11 Telescopes and Periscopes

16.11.1 Minimum Number.

16.11.1.1 Where telescopes or periscopes are provided in an area, at least 20 percent, but never less than one, shall comply with 16.11.2 and 16.11.5. Where only one is provided, it shall comply with 16.11.2 and 16.11.5 and be also usable from the standing position. Telescopes and periscopes required to comply with this provision shall be connected by an outdoor recreation access route.

16.11.2 Controls. Controls and operating mechanisms shall comply with ADAAG 4.27.

16.11.3 Eye Piece. The eye piece shall be usable from the seated position for viewing each point of interest.

16.11.4 Surface Conditions. The surface conditions of the clear space required by ADAAG 4.27.2 shall be firm and stable.

16.11.5 Slope. The clear space required by ADAAG 27.2 shall have a slope which does not exceed 1:50 in any direction.
EXCEPTION. 1. Where surface conditions require slopes greater than 1:50 for proper drainage, a 1:33 maximum slope is allowed.



FIXED BENCHES

16.12 Benches

16.12.1 Minimum Number.

16.12.2.1 Single Bench. Where one fixed bench is provided in an area, the bench shall comply with 16.12.3 through 16.12.8.

16.12.2.2 Multiple benches. Where fixed benches are provided in an area, at least 50 percent shall comply with 16.12.2, through 16.12.7. Of those required to be accessible by 16.12.2.2, at least 50% shall also comply with 16.12.8 (armrest). At least 40 percent of fixed benches required to comply with 16.12.2.2 shall be connected to an outdoor recreation access route complying with 16.3.
EXCEPTION. The requirements of 16.12.1 do not apply to benches provided in assembly areas covered by ADAAG 4.1.3(19).

16.12.2 Dispersal. Accessible benches shall be dispersed among the types provided. This provision does not require an increase in the total number of accessible benches required in 16.6.1.

16.12.3 Height. The front edge of the seat shall have a height between 17 inches (430 mm) minimum to19 inches (485 mm) maximum above the ground or floor space.

16.12.4 Clear Floor or Ground Space. At least one clear floor or ground space complying with ADAAG 4.2.4 shall be provided at one end of the bench and the space shall not overlap with other clear space requirements. The clear space shall be positioned to allow wheelchair users to be seated shoulder-to-shoulder with an individual seated on the bench.

16.12.5Back Support. Back support shall be provided the full length of the bench.

16.12.6 Surface Conditions. The surface conditions of the clear space required by 16.12.5 shall be firm and stable.
EXCEPTION. The provisions of 16.12.6 do not apply where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.
 
16.12.7 Slope. The clear space required by 16.12.5 shall have a slope which does not exceed 1:50 in any direction.
EXCEPTIONS. 1. Where surface conditions require slopes greater than 1:50 for proper drainage, a 1:33 maximum slope is allowed. 2. The provisions of 16.12.7 do not apply where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.

16.12.8 Armrest. Where required by 16.12.2, at least one armrest shall be provided on the bench and shall comply with ADAAG 4.26.3.

UTILITY SINKS (DEEP)

16.13 Utility Sinks

16.13.1 Utility Sinks (Deep). Where utility sinks are provided, at least 5 percent, but not less than one of each type provided, in each accessible room or space shall comply with 16.13.2 through 16.13.7 and shall be connected by an outdoor recreation access route complying with 16.3.

16.13.2 Clear Floor or Ground Space. Clear space complying with ADAAG 4.2.4 for a parallel approach shall be provided.

16.13.3 Slope. The clear space required by 16.13.2 shall have a slope which does not exceed 1:50 in any direction.
EXCEPTION. 1. Where surface conditions require slopes greater than 1:50 for proper drainage, a 1:33 maximum slope is allowed.

16.13.4 Surface. The surface of clear space required by 16.13.2 shall be stable and firm.

16.13.5 Height. The counter or rim shall be 34 inches (865 mm) maximum above the ground or floor surface.

16.13.6 Depth. The bottom of the bowl shall be 15 inches (380 mm) minimum above the ground or floor surface.

16.13.7 Controls. Controls and operating mechanisms shall comply with ADAAG 4.27.3 and 4.27.4.



STORAGE FACILITIES

16.14 Mobility Device Storage

16.14.1 Mobility Device Storage. Where storage facilities are provided and individuals using wheelchairs or other individual mobility devices transfer from one individual mobility device to another individual mobility device, at least one storage facility shall comply with 16.14.2 through 16.14.6 and shall be connected by an outdoor recreation access route complying with 16.3.

16.14.2 Size. Storage facilities designed for mobility devices shall be 38 inches (965 mm) minimum in height, 28 inches (710 mm) minimum in width and 40 inches (1015 mm) minimum in length.

16.14.3 Clear Floor or Ground Space. Clear space complying with ADAAG 4.2.4 shall be provided.

16.14.4 Surface Conditions. The surface conditions of the clear space required by 16.14.3 shall be firm and stable.
EXCEPTION. The provisions of 16.14.4 do not apply where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.
 
16.14.5 Slope. The clear space required by 16.12.3 shall have a slope which does not exceed 1:50 in any direction.
EXCEPTION. 1. Where surface conditions require slopes greater than 1:50 for proper drainage, a 1:33 maximum slope is allowed.

16.14.6 Controls and Operating Mechanisms. Controls and operating mechanisms shall comply with ADAAG 4.27.3 and 4.27.4.

FIXED PIT TOILETS

16.15 Pit Toilet

16.15.1 Pit Toilet. Where fixed pit toilets are provided, each pit toilet shall comply with 16.15.2 through 16.15.6.

16.15.2 Clear Floor or Ground Space. Clear floor or ground space shall be provided and shall comply with ADAAG 4.16.2.
EXCEPTIONS. 1. The clear floor or ground space required by ADAAG 4.16.2 shall be permitted to be reduced to 48 inches (1220 mm) by 48 inches (1220 mm) where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies. 2. The provision shall not apply where 48 inches (1220 mm) by 48 inches (1220 mm) clear floor or ground space can not be provided because at least one of the four conditions specified in 16.1.1 applies.

16.15.3 Height. The height of pit toilets shall comply with ADAAG 4.16.3.

16.15.4 Slope. Clear space required by 16.15.2 shall not have a slope exceeding 1:50 in any direction.
EXCEPTIONS.1. Where surface conditions require slopes greater than 1:50 for proper drainage, a 1:33 maximum slope is allowed. 2. The provisions of 16.15.4 do not apply where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.

16.15.5 Grab Bars. Where the pit toilet is provided with walls, grab bars complying with ADAAG 4.16.4 shall be provided.

16.15.6 Surface. The surface of the clear space required to comply with 16.15.2 shall be stable and firm.
EXCEPTION. The provisions of 16.15.6 do not apply where at least one of the conditions in 16.1.1 applies.

UTILITIES.

16.16.1 Utilities. Electric, water, sewage and other similar type utilities serving accessible elements, shall comply with 16.16.2 through 16.16.5.

16.16.2 Controls and Operating Mechanisms. Controls and operating mechanisms shall comply with ADAAG 4.27.
EXCEPTIONS. 1. ADAAG 4.27.3 and 4.27.4 do not apply to sewage hookups. 2. ADAAG 4.27.4 does not apply to hand pumps.

16.16.3 Water Spouts. Fixed water spouts shall be located 28 inches (710 mm) minimum to 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the ground or floor surface and shall be centered at the edge of a 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum by 60 inches (1525 mm) minimum clear space.

16.16.4 Slopes. Clear spaces required 16.16.2 and 16.16.3 shall have a 1:50 maximum slope in any direction.
EXCEPTION. 1. Where surface conditions require a slope greater than 1:50 for proper drainage, a 1:33 maximum slope is allowed.

16.16.5 Surface. The surface of the clear space required by 16.16.2 and 16.16.3 shall be stable and firm.

CAMPING FACILITIES

16.17 General. Where camping spaces (e.g. RV spaces and trailer spaces, tent spaces, camping shelters, or tent pads and platforms) are provided, accessible camping spaces shall comply with 16.17.

16.17.1 Camping Spaces - Minimum Number. Where camping spaces are provided, accessible camping spaces shall be provided in accordance with table 16.17. Where other camping elements are provided in accessible camping spaces, picnic tables, grills, fire rings, utilities, and other elements shall comply with the applicable sections of 16.

Table 16.17

Number of Camping Spaces Number of Accessible Camping Spaces (Tent, RV, Shelters)
1 1
2 to 25 2
26 to 50 3
51 to 75 4
76 to 100 5
101 to 150 7
151 to 200 8
201 to 300 10
301 to 400 12
401 to 500 13
501 to 1000 2 percent of total
1001 and over 20 plus 1 for each 100 over 1000
16.17.1.1 RV and Trailer Spaces. Where recreational camping vehicle or trailer spaces are provided, such spaces shall required to be accessible by table 16.17 shall comply with 16.17.2.1
EXCEPTION. Where camping spaces are designed for both tent camping and recreational camping vehicle or camping trailer use, at least 50 percent of the accessible multi-use spaces shall comply with 16.17.21 and the remainder shall be permitted to be reduced to 16 feet (mm) minimum.

16.17.1.2 Tent Spaces and Camping Shelters. Where camping spaces are provided which are designed for use for tent camping and camp shelters, accessible tent camping and camping shelter spaces shall comply with 16.17.2.2.

16.17.1.3 Identification. Accessible camping spaces shall be designated by the international symbol of accessibility complying with ADAAG 4.30.
EXCEPTIONS. 1. Signage shall not be required where all sites are accessible. 2. This provision does not apply where sites are assigned upon arrival or through a reservation system.

16.17.2 Accessible Camping Space Parking. Parking provided at camping spaces required to be accessible shall comply with the applicable sections of 16.17.2.

16.17.2.1 Recreational Camping Vehicle and Trailer Camping Spaces. Recreational camping vehicle spaces and trailer camping spaces shall have a width of 20 feet (6100 mm) minimum.
EXCEPTION. Where two accessible RV camping spaces are required by 16.17.1, one space is permitted to have a width of 16 feet (4880 mm) minimum.

16.17.2.2 Tent Camping Space and Shelter Camping Space. Where parking is provided within the tent camping space or shelter camping space, the parking space shall be a width of 16 feet (4880 mm) minimum.

16.17.2.3 Slope. Accessible parking spaces shall have a slope which does not exceed 1:50 in any direction.
EXCEPTION. Where surface conditions require a slope greater than 1:50 for proper drainage, a 1:33 maximum slope is allowed.

TENT PAD AND TENT PLATFORMS

16.17.3 Tent Pads and Tent Platforms. Tent pads and tent platforms required to be accessible shall comply with 16.17.3.1 through 16.17.3.6.

16.17.3.1 Clear Floor or Ground Space. The tent pad and platform shall include a 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum wide clear floor or ground space surrounding the tent.
EXCEPTION. The clear space shall be permitted to be reduced by the minimum necessary, but shall not be permitted to be less than 36 inches (915 mm) where at least one of the four conditions specified in 16.1.1 apply.
 
16.17.3.2 Tent Pad Surface. The tent pad shall a have surface which is firm and stable and designed to allow use of tent stakes and other securement devices.
EXCEPTION. The provisions of 16.17.3.2 do not apply where at least one of the four conditions specified in 16.1.1 apply.

16.17.3.3 Tent Platform Surface. The surface of the tent platform shall be stable and firm.

16.17.3.4 Slope. The tent pad and platform shall have a slope which does not exceed 1:50 in any direction.
EXCEPTION. Where surface conditions require a slope greater than 1:50 for proper drainage, a 1:33 maximum slope is allowed.

16.17.3.5 Edge Protection. Curbs, walls, railing, or projecting surfaces that prevent people from slipping off the tent platform shall be provided and curbs shall be 3 inches (75 mm) high minimum.

16.17.3.6 Connection. The surface of the tent platform shall be accessed by either a ramp, by transfer, or directly from the adjacent ground surface.

16.17.4 Additional Campground Parking. In campgrounds with recreation camping vehicle or trailer camping spaces, at least one recreation camping vehicle parking space complying with 16.17.4.1 through 16.17.4.3 shall be provided in each general use parking area.
EXCEPTION. This section does not apply to recreation camping vehicles parking provided within individual camping spaces.

16.17.4.1 Parking Space. The space for the vehicle shall have a width of 12 feet minimum.

16.17.4.2 Access Aisle. An access aisle adjacent to the parking space shall be 8 feet wide minimum and extend the full length of the parking space.

16.17.4.3 Slope. Accessible parking spaces shall have a slope which does not exceed 1:50 in any direction.
EXCEPTION. Where surface conditions require a slope greater than 1:50 for proper drainage, a 1:33 maximum slope is allowed.

WARMING HUTS

16.18 Warming Huts

16.18.1 Warming Huts. Each warming hut shall comply with the applicable provisions of section 16 and shall contain a turning space complying with ADAAG 4.2.3.

OUTDOOR RINSING SHOWERS

16.19 Outdoor Rinsing Showers.

16.19. Minimum Number. Where one or more rinsing showers are provided at a location, at least one will be a low shower complying with 16.19.1 and at least one shall be a high shower complying with 16.19.2. Where only one rinsing shower is provided, it shall comply with 16.9.1 and 16.19.2.

16.19.1 Low Outdoor Rinsing Shower.

16.19.1.1 Height. A fixed shower head shall be provided and located 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum to 54 inches (1370 mm) maximum above the ground or floor.
EXCEPTION. A hand held shower spray unit complying with ADAAG 4.21.6 is permitted.

16.19.1.2 Grab Bar. Grab bars shall be provided and shall comply with ADAAG 4.26. In addition, at least one grab bar shall comply with one of the following provisions.

16.19.1.3 Vertical Grab Bar. Where the shower head is mounted on a post, a vertical grab bar shall be provided under the shower head and shall start 33 inches (840 mm) maximum above the floor and extend to within at least 3 in (75 mm) of the shower head.

16.19.1.4 Circular Grab Bar. Where the shower head is mounted on a post, a grab bar that surrounds the usable part of the post shall be provided. The grab bar shall be provided 33 inches (840 mm) minimum to 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the floor.

16.19.1.5 Horizontal Grab Bar. A horizontal grab bar extending 18 inches (455 mm) minimum in both directions from the center line of the shower head shall be provided under the shower head. The grab bar shall be provided 33 inches (840 mm) minimum to 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the floor.

16.19.1.6 Controls. Controls shall comply with ADAAG 4.27. If self-closing controls are used, the controls shall remain open for at least 10 seconds.

16.19.1.7 Clear Floor or Ground Space. A clear floor or ground space of 60 inches (1525 mm) diameter minimum shall be provided and shall be located so that the water from the shower head is directed toward the center of the clear space.

16.19.1.8 Slope. Where surface conditions require a slope greater than 1:50 for proper drainage, a 1:33 maximum slope is allowed.

16.19.2 High Outdoor Rinsing Shower

16.19.2.1 Height. A fixed shower head shall be provided and shall be located a minimum of 72 inches (1830 mm) above the ground or floor.
EXCEPTION. A hand held shower spray unit complying with ADAAG 4.26.1 is permitted.

16.19.2.2 Grab Bar. Grab bars shall be provided and shall comply with ADAAG 4.26. In addition, at least one of the grab bars shall comply with the following provisions.

16.19.2.3 Vertical Grab Bar. Where the shower head is mounted on a post, a vertical grab bar shall be provided under the shower head and shall be provided 33 inches (840 mm) maximum above the floor and extend to within at least 3 inches (75 mm) of the shower head.

16.19.2.4 Circular Grab Bar. Where the shower head is mounted on a post, a grab bar surrounding the usable part of the post shall be provided. The grab bar shall be provided 33 inches (840 mm) minimum to 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the floor.

16.19.2.5 Horizontal Grab Bar. A horizontal grab bar extending 18 inches (455 mm) minimum in both directions from the center line of the shower head shall be provided under the shower head. The grab bar shall be provided 33 inches (840 mm) minimum to 36 inches (915 mm) maximum above the floor.

16.19.2.6 Controls. Controls shall comply with ADAAG 4.27.4. If self-closing controls are used, the controls shall remain open for at least 10 seconds.


Notes

1. The Americans with Disabilities Act (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.) is a comprehensive civil rights law which prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability. Titles II and III of the ADA require, among other things, that newly constructed and altered State and local government buildings, places of public accommodation, and commercial facilities be readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities.The Access Board is an independent Federal agency established by section 502 of the Rehabilitation Act (29 U.S.C. 792) whose primary mission is to promote accessibility for individuals with disabilities. The Access Board consists of 25 members. Thirteen are appointed by the President from among the public, a majority of who are required to be individuals with disabilities. The other twelve are heads of the following Federal agencies or their designees whose positions are Executive Level IV or above: The departments of Health and Human Services, Education, Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, Labor, Interior, Defense, Justice, Veterans Affairs, and Commerce; General Services Administration; and United States Postal Service.

2. The special application sections cover the following buildings and facilities: restaurants and cafeterias (ADAAG 5); medical care facilities (ADAAG 6); business, mercantile and civic (ADAAG 7); libraries (ADAAG 8); transient lodging (ADAAG 9); transportation facilities (ADAAG 10); judicial, legislative, and regulatory facilities (ADAAG 11); and detention and correctional facilities (ADAAG 12).

3. The Department of Justice's regulations currently include ADAAG 1 to 10. State and local governments currently have the option of using ADAAG or an earlier standard, the Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards (UFAS), when constructing or altering facilities under the Department of Justice regulations for title II of the ADA. (28 CFR 35.151(c)). The Department of Justice has issued a notice of proposed rulemaking to eliminate this option. 59 FR 31808 (June 20, 1994).