Chapter 9: Exercise Equipment, Bowling Lanes, and Shooting Facilities

9.1 Number of Facilities

Existing Facilities

The International Health, Racquet and Sportsclub Association (IHRSA) estimated there were 15,125 physical fitness facilities in 1999; 15,910 in 2000; and 17,531 in 2001.68 These numbers do not include public parks and recreation districts, YMCAs, high schools, colleges, motels, hotels, and resorts which may also operate physical fitness facilities. The new construction and alterations impacts of the final guidelines on these public and private entities are minimal, and we have not expended resources on developing models to estimate the number of other existing and newly constructed physical fitness facilities.

The Bowling Proprietors Association of America (BPPA) estimated there were 5,500 bowling centers open to the public in 2001.69

The National Association of Shooting Ranges estimated there were 10,000 shooting facilities in 2001.70

New Construction

We assumed that 800 to 1,000 new physical fitness facilities, 25 new bowling centers and 100 new shooting facilities are opened each year. Not all these facilities are newly constructed. Some may lease space in existing facilities.

Small Entities

Using the methodology described in Chapter 2, we estimated 99 percent of physical fitness facilities and 100 percent of bowling centers and shooting facilities are small entities.

9.2 Final Guidelines

Table 9.1 summarizes the final guidelines for exercise equipment, bowling lanes, and shooting facilities.

Table 9.1 - Final Guidelines: Exercise Equipment, Bowling Lanes, and Shooting Facilities

Section Requirement
15.7.1 General

Application


Newly designed and constructed and altered exercise equipment, bowling lanes, and shooting facilities must comply with 15.7.
15.7.2 Exercise Equipment

Scoping

Clear Floor or Ground Space

At least one of each type of exercise equipment must be provided with clear floor or ground space complying with 4.2.4 and be served by accessible route.

Clear floor or ground space must be positioned for transfer or use by an individual seated in a wheelchair. Clear floor or ground spaces for more than one piece of equipment is permitted to overlap.

15.7.3 Bowling Lanes

Scoping

At least 5% of each type of lane must be served by accessible route.

15.7.4 Shooting Facilities

Scoping


At least 5% of each type of fixed firing position must contain a 60 inch diameter space with a slope not steeper than 1:48.
 

9.3 Alternatives

There were no alternatives in the proposed guidelines and final guidelines for exercise equipment, bowling lanes, and shooting facilities. No other significant alternatives were considered or rejected.

9.4 New Construction Impacts

The final guidelines impose minimum scoping requirements on new physical fitness facilities, bowling centers, and shooting facilities.71 ADAAG currently requires an accessible route in these facilities. The final guidelines require at least one of each type of exercise equipment to be served by the accessible route and to be provided with a clear floor or ground space. The clear floor or ground space must be positioned so that an individual seated in a wheelchair can transfer to the exercise equipment or use the exercise equipment from a wheelchair. Industry standards recommend the design and layout of health clubs provide at least 20 to 40 square feet of floor space for each piece of exercise equipment.72 A clear floor or ground space is 10 to 12 square feet minimum.73 Two pieces of exercise equipment may share the same clear floor or ground space. We assumed newly constructed physical fitness facilities provide at least 40 to 80 square feet of floor space for every two pieces of exercise equipment. Providing a minimum of 10 to 12 square feet of clear space between the two pieces of equipment so an individual seated in a wheelchair can transfer to the equipment would not result in a need to increase the floor area. Depending on how a particular piece of exercise equipment is approached, the clear floor or ground space may be positioned to overlap the circulation path. Some pieces of exercise equipment may be used by an individual seated in a wheelchair without transferring. We reviewed the designs and layouts for some newly constructed physical fitness facilities and found the facilities can meet the final guidelines without having to reduce the number of pieces of exercise equipment or to increase the floor area.

The final guidelines require that in new bowling centers, 5 percent of each type of bowling lane must be served by an accessible route; and in new shooting facilities, 5 percent of each type of fixed firing position must provide a 60 inch diameter space with a slope not steeper than 1:48. The impact of these requirements are minimal.

9.5 Alterations Impacts

When existing physical fitness facilities replace or update exercise equipment, only those pieces of equipment that are replaced or updated must comply with the final guidelines. For example, if a physical fitness facility has 30 pieces of exercise equipment and updates 5 pieces of equipment, only one of each type of the new pieces of equipment would have to provide a clear floor or ground space. If the one of each type requirement is already satisfied by an existing piece of exercise equipment, new equipment of the same type would not have to comply. Since the floor area is not usually increased when exercise equipment is updated, the ADAAG exception for technical infeasibility due to existing physical or site constraints would apply.74 In the example above, if the existing physical fitness facility that updates 5 pieces of exercise equipment has sufficient floor area to provide clear floor or ground space for only 3 new pieces of equipment, the other 2 new pieces of equipment would not be required to comply. The impacts on existing bowling centers and existing shooting facilities are also minimal.

9.6 Total Costs

We did not estimate any compliance costs for physical fitness facilities, bowling centers, or shooting facilities.