Chapter 6: Fishing Piers and Platforms

6.1 Number of Facilities

No data was available on the number of fishing piers and platforms operated by public and private entities. The new construction and alterations impacts of the final guidelines on these facilities are minimal, and we did not expend resources on developing models to estimate the number of existing and newly constructed fishing piers and platforms.

6.2 Final Guidelines

Table 6.1 summarizes the final guidelines for fishing piers and platforms.

Table 6.1 - Final Guidelines: Fishing Piers and Platforms

Section Requirement

15.3.1 General

Application

Newly designed and constructed and altered fishing piers and platforms must comply with 15.3.

15.3.2 Accessible Route

General

Exceptions - Alterations, Maximum Rise, Landings, Handrail Extensions, Cross Slope, LULAs and Platform Lifts

Exception - Maximum Slope

Gangways that are part of accessible routes must comply with accessible route requirements.

Accessible routes serving floating fishing piers and platforms permitted to use exceptions in 15.2.2 for alterations, maximum rise, landings, handrail extensions, cross slope, LULAs and platform lifts.

Maximum 1:12 slope does not apply where total length of gangways serving as part of accessible route is at least 30 feet.

15.3.3 Railings

General

Edge Protection

Exception - Deck Extension Beyond Railing

Height

Exception - Guards Complying with IBC

Dispersion

Where railings provided, they must comply with 15.3.3.

Edge protection must be provided and extend 2 inches minimum above ground or deck surface.

Where railing is 34 inches or less above ground or deck surface, edge protection is not required if deck surface extends 12 inches minimum beyond inside face of railing. Toe clearance must be 9 inches minimum above ground or deck surface beyond railing. Toe clearance must be 30 inches minimum wide.

At least 25% of railings must be 34 inches maximum above ground or deck surface.

Maximum height requirement does not apply to portion of fishing pier or platform where guard complying with sections 1003.2.12.1 (Height) and 1003.2.12.2 (Openings) of International Building Code (IBC) provided.

Railings complying with maximum height requirement must be dispersed throughout fishing pier or platform.

15.3.4 Clear Floor or Ground Space

General

Where railing complying with maximum height requirement is located, at least one clear floor or ground space complying with 4.2.4.1 must be provided. Where no railings are provided, at least one clear floor or ground space complying with 4.2.4.1 must be provided.

15.3.5 Maneuvering Space

General


At least one maneuvering space complying with 4.2.3 must be provided on fishing pier or platform.
 

6.3 Alternatives

Table 6.2 presents the alternatives considered in the proposed guidelines and final guidelines. The significant comments raised during the public comment period are summarized in the preamble to the final rule, along with the Access Board’s assessment of the comments and the reasons for selecting the alternative adopted in the final guidelines. The Access Board minimized the significant economic impact of the final guidelines by permitting gangways that are part of an accessible route to exceed the 1:12 maximum slope requirement for ramps where the total length of the gangways is at least 30 feet, and by exempting guards that comply with certain sections of the International Building Code from the 34 inch maximum height requirement. No other significant alternatives were considered or rejected.

Table 6.2 - Fishing Piers and Platforms Alternatives

Item Proposed Guidelines Final Guidelines
Gangways - Maximum Slope Exception permits gangways to exceed 1:12 maximum slope based on distance between design high point and level of water, and square footage of fixed and floating piers. Exception permits gangways to exceed 1:12 maximum slope where total length of gangways serving as part of accessible route is at least 30 feet.
Gangways - Alterations No exception. Where existing gangways are replaced or altered, gangways are not required to be lengthened unless triggered by alterations to primary function areas.
LULAs and Platform Lifts No exception. Limited use/limited application elevators (LULAs) and platform lifts permitted in lieu of gangways.
Railings - Edge Protection No exception. Where railing is 34 inches or less above ground or deck surface, edge protection is not required if deck surface extends 12 inches minimum beyond inside face of railing. Toe clearance must be 9 inches minimum above ground or deck surface beyond railing. Toe clearance must be 30 inches minimum wide.
Railings - Height At least 25% of railings required to be 32 inches maximum above ground or deck surface. At least 25% of railings required to be 34 inches maximum above ground or deck surface.
Guard Complying with IBC No exception. Maximum height requirement does not apply to portion of fishing pier or platform where guard complying with sections 1003.2.12.1 (Height) and 1003.2.12.2 (Openings) of International Building Code (IBC) provided.
 

 

6.4 New Construction Impacts

The new construction impacts are minimal. Most fishing piers and platforms are fixed structures and must comply with the accessible route requirements in ADAAG. Gangways serving floating fishing piers and platforms are permitted to exceed the 1:12 maximum slope requirement where the gangways are at least 30 feet. Railings are not required. However, where railings are provided, at least 25 percent of the railings must be 34 inches maximum above the ground or deck surface in order not to interfere with fishing by individuals with disabilities. An exception permits guards complying with certain sections of the International Building Code to be higher to avoid conflicts where a local building code requires a guard, or where a designer or operator determines that enhanced safety measures are warranted.

6.5 Alterations Impacts

The alterations impacts are minimal.

6.6 Total Costs

We did not estimate any compliance costs for fishing piers and platforms.